Habib TANVEER

Today on 8th June 2009 The sad news was that the pillar of Indian Theatre passed away. He was the one who singlehandedly worked for preserving and development of the Indian school of drama. Once I had an opportunity to watch a “naatak” on doordarshan (thanx to the ISRO satellite) directed or so to say created by the Shri Habib Tanveer. Since then I was having or craving to meet him in person. But due to other obligations in life I could not take risk to run away from my home and meet him. At IIT Kanpur campus during those days I did not know anybody who would have had interest in dramatics so that we could have invited him in IITK to perform. The most important things which attracted me towards his creation were 1. The language idiom was totally TRUE HINDUSTANI even the local/folk language was given prominent place in his plays. 2. Most of the artists were of his area. Once I had read that few of them were not professional but were common men who occasionally take part in his drama. 3. Singing was also true to the earth(down to earth) that means the music always has local folk flavor. 4. Experimentation was also there may I say so that he tried to explore or establish that drama or theatre can survive without the HINDI or ENGLISH. And theatre is a way of life and can be always be a part of our life. He slightly matched with the screen presence of like SOHRAB MODI in Hindi silver screen. The voice modulation and style was somewhat similar.
Another such person who has worked to uplift the Indian, or Bharatiya traditional elements of our golden heritage of theater traditions was RATAN THIYAM.
The play where artist portray the bazaar of AGRA, That was based on the life of a poet or writer Najir Akbarabadi, the black gram seller asked the Shair to write few lines for him so that he can sell more in tha bazzar likewise other vegetable seller also approaches him to do him this favour.
I also remember two dancers who sang and danced on the folk theme song in the play. He played a role of thekedar (with accentegue symbol on both e’s) in TV serial “Kab tak Pukaroon” if I am correct. Where my favourite Sushmita Mukherji played a role of gypsy girl and Pakaj Kapoor also acted. He suited for the role.
It is really sad that a person of such a stature passed away.

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Parampara, Guru Shishya parampara, Traditions etc

Who after the current gurus will bear the torch of gharanas. Guru Birju Maharaj, Krishna Mohan, Jaikishan, guru Vemapti chinna satyam, Dhananjay(s), Respected Sitara Devi, apart from them there are non gharanedar gurus, Dr Padma Subramaniam, Maya Rao, Meneka, Damyanti Joshi, Guru Kumudni Lakhia, Rhoni Bhate. I think instead of listing separately as gharanedar and non gharanedar gurus will not be fair enough. Since in our(Indian) traditional education system the gharana is handed down to the disciple by the gurus. There is no compulsion for a guru to choose his kith and kin as successor.     The most promising student gets the seat “gaddi”. And it has been practiced since ages. I think this has helped in keeping our tradition of music alive for so many centuries. The period has continuously seen the invaders from all the sides. from length to breadth of this subcontinent. Often we are told that “one land” “One Nation” Theory is very recent in India. Earlier this land was full of fights between small kingdoms without any idea of our motherland or so to say India as a one nation. In the east the Nagas, the forces from China, Tibet Burma etc were mingling with the AHOM kingdomsin Assam and in Manipur. Down south has seen the  import from Europe, Africa, and from east also. Christian, Jew, Arabic, Persian Eastern cultures came to our southern shores. In the west we hear that even from far land of greek, arabic and mangols came to our nation. The HUN, KUSHAN, YAMAN etc. Thereby the point is that even then the tradition of music has been kept live in this nation which always refers to the “sage Bharat” or the Natya Shastra or the fourth VED. that means the lineage has been there with minor ups and down. And it could have only been made possible through this “GURU SHISHYA parampara” teacher and student tradition.
After the Independence all broke loose. The Ethics and the tradition got full freedom. Thus a student from Delhi learns the dance of Manipur and a student of punjab can learn the arts and dance of Keral and vice e versa. Now we have satellite gurukuls (schools). schools run in USA or far away lands on the name of guru living in Tamil Nadu. Or the Guru has become very mobile,  reaching far away lands for many months of a year.
During the dark ages, of 1000 to 1900 AD, (if I am permitted to say so) all the credit goes to the community looked down upon by the civilized community, the dancer community, who has kept alive this art of music and dance of this land through those hard times. No one can deny this aspect. It is true from Jammu Kashmir to the Kanya kumari and from Gandhar to the Manipur. ALL the places must be full of such stories and names and even Palaces where all the saga had been enacted. Most of the palaces and the HISTORY is known to us due to the contribution of this community. I am saying so since in palaces these women lived inside the walls and their progeny worked in the palaces itself thereby contributing in the workforce also. not only in the arts.
These were known as Devdasi, MAHARI (attached to Temples), Rajdasi, Tawaif etc etc Kalavantalu, Kalavant, few ladies who became stalwarts of classical Hindustani Music were from Gomantak samaj, this is the community who lived in and around the Goa, Karnataka and Maharastra. They must be repsected for what they have gifted us. It is due to them we have inherited this rich heritage

Parampara, Guru Shishya parampara, Traditions etc

Who after the current gurus will bear the torch of gharanas. Guru Birju Maharaj, Krishna Mohan, Jaikishan, guru Vemapti chinna satyam, Dhananjay(s), Respected Sitara Devi, apart from them there are non gharanedar gurus, Dr Padma Subramaniam, Maya Rao, Meneka, Damyanti Joshi, Guru Kumudni Lakhia, Rhoni Bhate. I think instead of listing separately as gharanedar and non gharanedar gurus will not be fair enough. Since in our(Indian) traditional education system the gharana is handed down to the disciple by the gurus. There is no compulsion for a guru to choose his kith and kin as successor.     The most promising student gets the seat “gaddi”. And it has been practiced since ages. I think this has helped in keeping our tradition of music alive for so many centuries. The period has continuously seen the invaders from all the sides. from length to breadth of this subcontinent. Often we are told that “one land” “One Nation” Theory is very recent in India. Earlier this land was full of fights between small kingdoms without any idea of our motherland or so to say India as a one nation. In the east the Nagas, the forces from China, Tibet Burma etc were mingling with the AHOM kingdomsin Assam and in Manipur. Down south has seen the  import from Europe, Africa, and from east also. Christian, Jew, Arabic, Persian Eastern cultures came to our southern shores. In the west we hear that even from far land of greek, arabic and mangols came to our nation. The HUN, KUSHAN, YAMAN etc. Thereby the point is that even then the tradition of music has been kept live in this nation which always refers to the “sage Bharat” or the Natya Shastra or the fourth VED. that means the lineage has been there with minor ups and down. And it could have only been made possible through this “GURU SHISHYA parampara” teacher and student tradition.
After the Independence all broke loose. The Ethics and the tradition got full freedom. Thus a student from Delhi learns the dance of Manipur and a student of punjab can learn the arts and dance of Keral and vice e versa. Now we have satellite gurukuls (schools). schools run in USA or far away lands on the name of guru living in Tamil Nadu. Or the Guru has become very mobile,  reaching far away lands for many months of a year.
During the dark ages, of 1000 to 1900 AD, (if I am permitted to say so) all the credit goes to the community looked down upon by the civilized community, the dancer community, who has kept alive this art of music and dance of this land through those hard times. No one can deny this aspect. It is true from Jammu Kashmir to the Kanya kumari and from Gandhar to the Manipur. ALL the places must be full of such stories and names and even Palaces where all the saga had been enacted. Most of the palaces and the HISTORY is known to us due to the contribution of this community. I am saying so since in palaces these women lived inside the walls and their progeny worked in the palaces itself thereby contributing in the workforce also. not only in the arts.
These were known as Devdasi, MAHARI (attached to Temples), Rajdasi, Tawaif etc etc Kalavantalu, Kalavant, few ladies who became stalwarts of classical Hindustani Music were from Gomantak samaj, this is the community who lived in and around the Goa, Karnataka and Maharastra. They must be repsected for what they have gifted us. It is due to them we have inherited this rich heritage

swaraj

a word on decentralization
registration of births, increasing participation of community in urban and now this from consultant SSA has cropped in my mail box all are somehow interlinked in many ways.Decentralization is issue at the core of all. More and more we reach near the goal and objective of decentralization we can achieve “lot” not just what we think off.But things get struck at the implementation stage. HOW to go about it? Lots of NGOs are there and must justify their existence. They must be made accountable and responsible.Similarly Govt machinery should also be under such purview. Training & inculcating the feeling of citizenship among one and all is most essential. Once we achieve this we are 70% towards our objectives. Rest by training, Mass awareness etc. Now days lot of new concepts are taking place like “Govt at the doorstep of Nagrik”, (i.e.village) by Lok Adalat. Court at village District Magistrate, Deputy Commissioner camping in villages along with govt machinery. All are good & innovative idea. Adding to it more new methods are to be devised for govt functioning within the given framework [financial/administrative powers]. Participation of people just seems to end on the eve of polling. Afterwards councilors and council rules with agenda of one group or the other.Elected representatives are on board in various committees, urban counterpart of VEC, Ward Committees,. Councilors are declared as notifies of civil events.I was working under CRBD & as per the act we were supposed to implement the Registration act. But there was also scope for improvement – such as media awareness & training sensitization. We used to write always medical officers at each PHC/ sub-centres so that people should always be aware of the MCCD must remember while dealing the death cases. State dept can organize training etc. As we used to visit rural & tribal areas for inspection & side by side we tried to interact with the villagers, Mahila Mandals other small groups, local social workers, people working in Panchayat office, Pradhan all of them were told about the procedure for registration & related issues-I mean- the implementing agency can improve upon whatever mechanism they have. That comes when each functionary think of “citizenship” within and its responsibility- which is becoming “EXTINCT” now days.COORDINATION is also another issue important here.Whatever dept of education does or plans it should be coordinated by other depts. Viz Social Welfare, Tribal Welfare, Supplies, health, Panchayat, district administration etc. means often good schemes could not be implemented due to lack of coordination or coordinated efforts by depts..For urban disadvantaged children, education dept with the assistance of NGO start evening centres, now it is called as EGS/AIE centre. But then it should not be left for education dept only to run. The local administration either [gram Panchayat in rural] or dept of social welfare may compliment supplement by providing a shelter/hostel/ or space for such school. Health dept provide medical assistance, Dept of Industries or related dept may run skill/capacity development course, the local ward councilors can ask fro special help from the council and/or with MPLAD etc. PRAYAS is also helping such children in DELHI.Under SSA provision is available for educational materials and MIDDAY MEAL, but not beyond that. Then society has to take over.Education cess may be roped for such purposes.Why children become disadvantaged/deprived at all??. Is it responsibility of education dept only (SSA) to provide education? Not at all. Migration is also a factor. Why they migrate. [Urbanisation??] Foremost reason for no education to children is linked to livelihood. Local administration (self government) is unable to provide livelihood support. Other depts. Should also make plan to improve the situation. Thus without the broader and coordinated effort by all the agencies no solution can be successful.Dept can make EGS/AIE as per the available children in municipal area , Ward committee may be roped in and made responsible to supplement the EGS scheme.DECENTALIZATION is also involved here- since local self government should (or be able to) make some plan for sustainable development of the area. Council or ward committee can thus have representation from the institutions/ consultants/Experts/ Local Club/ Social workers – so as to have more need-based plan development.Electoral roll has to become more usefull/ purposefull this has to be linked with census data. Database development is also at core of issues. Once we have Panchayat/ Ward/ Council/ Tehsil-wise database linked with various other databases (may or may not having element (field)) of local needs, So that, these Ward committees on desktop can see the database of concerning ward and develop plan- which also requires justification. Thus Village-wise census data & electoral roll may be linked which can be made linked with Economic census, Agriculture census, Survey of Industries or any other such available databases.THIS is not to make issues more complex but to think in way so that more coordinated efforts are taken for development of society.Govt depts. May also be allowed to outsource the works to Non Govt agencies, But that is not a permanent solution. Govt dept have to build it by themselves.For that everyone will agree a political will is needed.Few examples from Tamil Nadu are there, where district collectors have initiated good works, whatever framework is available with them.Today only it appeared in TOI, that overdependence on official statistics not backed by Science and disregard for folk & classical knowledge have led to the current state of affairs in forest across the country. Paper quoted Dr Madhav Gadgil while delivering the Bengal Science lecture 2005.Evening classes or other classes only by the education dept will not solve the problem. Everyone is aware of the outcome of the juvenile home etc homes set for reformation of the children. Thus more coordinated efforts from all the depts. is required to make any innovative step for urban or rural deprived children.SOS village and similar kind of projects were established for such purpose earlier. But they are not evaluated.The education of the urban poor child has to be linked with the skill/vocational education from the start so that they can comeup with some skills also so as to sustain themselves in future. God knows if we have any of street children becoming IAS or some in that bracket?Certainly NGO are to be roped in this effort. And under SSA proper funding provisions has to be made.

swaraj

a word on decentralization
registration of births, increasing participation of community in urban and now this from consultant SSA has cropped in my mail box all are somehow interlinked in many ways.Decentralization is issue at the core of all. More and more we reach near the goal and objective of decentralization we can achieve “lot” not just what we think off.But things get struck at the implementation stage. HOW to go about it? Lots of NGOs are there and must justify their existence. They must be made accountable and responsible.Similarly Govt machinery should also be under such purview. Training & inculcating the feeling of citizenship among one and all is most essential. Once we achieve this we are 70% towards our objectives. Rest by training, Mass awareness etc. Now days lot of new concepts are taking place like “Govt at the doorstep of Nagrik”, (i.e.village) by Lok Adalat. Court at village District Magistrate, Deputy Commissioner camping in villages along with govt machinery. All are good & innovative idea. Adding to it more new methods are to be devised for govt functioning within the given framework [financial/administrative powers]. Participation of people just seems to end on the eve of polling. Afterwards councilors and council rules with agenda of one group or the other.Elected representatives are on board in various committees, urban counterpart of VEC, Ward Committees,. Councilors are declared as notifies of civil events.I was working under CRBD & as per the act we were supposed to implement the Registration act. But there was also scope for improvement – such as media awareness & training sensitization. We used to write always medical officers at each PHC/ sub-centres so that people should always be aware of the MCCD must remember while dealing the death cases. State dept can organize training etc. As we used to visit rural & tribal areas for inspection & side by side we tried to interact with the villagers, Mahila Mandals other small groups, local social workers, people working in Panchayat office, Pradhan all of them were told about the procedure for registration & related issues-I mean- the implementing agency can improve upon whatever mechanism they have. That comes when each functionary think of “citizenship” within and its responsibility- which is becoming “EXTINCT” now days.COORDINATION is also another issue important here.Whatever dept of education does or plans it should be coordinated by other depts. Viz Social Welfare, Tribal Welfare, Supplies, health, Panchayat, district administration etc. means often good schemes could not be implemented due to lack of coordination or coordinated efforts by depts..For urban disadvantaged children, education dept with the assistance of NGO start evening centres, now it is called as EGS/AIE centre. But then it should not be left for education dept only to run. The local administration either [gram Panchayat in rural] or dept of social welfare may compliment supplement by providing a shelter/hostel/ or space for such school. Health dept provide medical assistance, Dept of Industries or related dept may run skill/capacity development course, the local ward councilors can ask fro special help from the council and/or with MPLAD etc. PRAYAS is also helping such children in DELHI.Under SSA provision is available for educational materials and MIDDAY MEAL, but not beyond that. Then society has to take over.Education cess may be roped for such purposes.Why children become disadvantaged/deprived at all??. Is it responsibility of education dept only (SSA) to provide education? Not at all. Migration is also a factor. Why they migrate. [Urbanisation??] Foremost reason for no education to children is linked to livelihood. Local administration (self government) is unable to provide livelihood support. Other depts. Should also make plan to improve the situation. Thus without the broader and coordinated effort by all the agencies no solution can be successful.Dept can make EGS/AIE as per the available children in municipal area , Ward committee may be roped in and made responsible to supplement the EGS scheme.DECENTALIZATION is also involved here- since local self government should (or be able to) make some plan for sustainable development of the area. Council or ward committee can thus have representation from the institutions/ consultants/Experts/ Local Club/ Social workers – so as to have more need-based plan development.Electoral roll has to become more usefull/ purposefull this has to be linked with census data. Database development is also at core of issues. Once we have Panchayat/ Ward/ Council/ Tehsil-wise database linked with various other databases (may or may not having element (field)) of local needs, So that, these Ward committees on desktop can see the database of concerning ward and develop plan- which also requires justification. Thus Village-wise census data & electoral roll may be linked which can be made linked with Economic census, Agriculture census, Survey of Industries or any other such available databases.THIS is not to make issues more complex but to think in way so that more coordinated efforts are taken for development of society.Govt depts. May also be allowed to outsource the works to Non Govt agencies, But that is not a permanent solution. Govt dept have to build it by themselves.For that everyone will agree a political will is needed.Few examples from Tamil Nadu are there, where district collectors have initiated good works, whatever framework is available with them.Today only it appeared in TOI, that overdependence on official statistics not backed by Science and disregard for folk & classical knowledge have led to the current state of affairs in forest across the country. Paper quoted Dr Madhav Gadgil while delivering the Bengal Science lecture 2005.Evening classes or other classes only by the education dept will not solve the problem. Everyone is aware of the outcome of the juvenile home etc homes set for reformation of the children. Thus more coordinated efforts from all the depts. is required to make any innovative step for urban or rural deprived children.SOS village and similar kind of projects were established for such purpose earlier. But they are not evaluated.The education of the urban poor child has to be linked with the skill/vocational education from the start so that they can comeup with some skills also so as to sustain themselves in future. God knows if we have any of street children becoming IAS or some in that bracket?Certainly NGO are to be roped in this effort. And under SSA proper funding provisions has to be made.

a word on decentralization

There is increase in participation of community in various sphere of development.
Decentralization is issue at the core of all. More and more we reach near the goal and objective of decentralization we can achieve “lot” not just what we think.
But things get struck at the implementation stage. HOW to go about it? Lots of NGOs are there and must justify their existence. They must be made accountable and responsible.
Similarly Govt machinery should also be under such purview.  inculcating the feeling of citizenship among one and all is most essential. Once we achieve this we are 70% towards our objectives. Rest by training, Mass awareness etc. Now days lot of new concepts are taking place like “Govt at the doorstep of Nagrik”, (i.e.village) by Lok Adalat. Court at village. District Magistrate, Deputy Commissioner camping in villages along with govt machinery. All are good and innovative ideas. Adding to it more new methods are to be devised for govt functioning within the given framework [financial/administrative powers]. Participation of people just seems to end on the eve of polling. Afterwards councilors and council rules with agenda of one group or the other.
Elected representatives are on board in various committees, urban counterpart of VEC, Ward Committees,. Councilors are declared as notifiers of civil events.

I was working under CRBD; we were supposed to implement the Registration  of birth and death act. But there was also scope for improvement – such as media awareness, training & sensitization. We used to write to medical officers at each PHC/ sub-centres so that people should always be aware of the MCCD and must remember while dealing the death cases. State dept can organize training etc. As I used to visit rural& tribal areas for inspection, and side by side I tried to interact with the villagers, Mahila Mandals other small groups, local social workers, people working in Panchayat office, Pradhan all of them were told about the procedure for registration and  related issues- I mean- the implementing agency can improve upon whatever mechanism they have. That comes when each functionary think of “citizenship” within him and its responsibility- which is becoming “EXTINCT” now days.

COORDINATION is also another important issue  here.
Whatever dept of education does or plans it should be coordinated by other depts. Viz Social Welfare, Tribal Welfare, civil Supplies, health, Panchayat, district administration etc. Often good schemes could not be implemented due to lack of coordination or coordinated efforts by depts..
For urban disadvantaged children, education dept with the assistance of NGO start evening centres, now it is called as EGS/AIE centre. But then it should not be left for education dept only to run. The local administration either [gram Panchayat in rural] or dept of social welfare may compliment supplement by providing a shelter/hostel/ or space for such school. Health dept provide medical assistance, Dept of Industries or related dept may run skill/capacity development course, the local ward councilors can ask fro special help from the council and/or with MPLAD etc. PRAYAS is also helping such children in DELHI.
provision is available Under SSA for educational materials and MIDDAY MEAL, but not beyond that. Then society has to take over.  Education cess may be roped for such purposes.

Why children become disadvantaged/deprived at all??. Is it responsibility of education dept only (SSA) to provide education? Not at all. Migration is also a factor. Why they migrate. [Urbanisation??] Foremost reason for no education to children is linked to livelihood. Local administration (self government) is unable to provide livelihood support. Other depts. Should also make plan to improve the situation. Thus without the broader and coordinated effort by all the agencies no solution can be successful.

Dept can make EGS/AIE as per the available children in municipal area , Ward committee may be roped in and made responsible to supplement the EGS scheme.
DECENTRALIZATION is also involved here- since local self government should (or be able to) make some plan for sustainable development of the area. Council or ward committee can thus have representation from the institutions/ consultants/Experts/ Local Club/ Social workers – so as to have more need-based plan development.
Electoral roll has to become more usefull/ purposefull this has to be linked with census data. Database development is also at core of issues. Once we have Panchayat/ Ward/ Council/ Tehsil-wise database linked with various other databases (may or may not having element (field)) of local needs, So that, these Ward committees on desktop can see the database of concerning ward and develop plan- which also requires justification. Thus Village-wise census data, electoral roll may be linked which can be made linked with Economic census, Agriculture census, Survey of Industries or any other such available databases.
THIS is not to make issues more complex but to think in a way so that more coordinated efforts are taken for development of society.
Govt depts. May also be allowed to outsource the works to Non Govt agencies, But that is not a permanent solution. Govt dept have to build it by themselves.
For that everyone will agree a political will is needed.
Few examples from Tamil Nadu are there, where district collectors have initiated good works, whatever framework is available with them.
Today only it appeared in TOI, that over dependence on official statistics not backed by Science and disregard for folk and classical knowledge have led to the current state of affairs in forest across the country. Paper quoted Dr Madhav Gadgil while delivering the Bengal Science lecture 2005.

Evening classes or other classes only by the education dept will not solve the problem. Everyone is aware of the outcome of the juvenile home etc homes set for reformation of the children. Thus more coordinated efforts from all the depts. is required to make any innovative step for urban or rural deprived children.
SOS village and similar kind of projects were established for such purpose earlier. But they are not evaluated.
The education of the urban poor child has to be linked with the skill/vocational education from the start so that they can comeup with some skills also so as to sustain themselves in future. God knows if we have any of street children becoming IAS or some in that bracket?
Certainly NGO are to be roped in this effort. And under SSA proper funding provisions has to be made.

While at IIT Kanpur campus I had been part of a novel activity inspired by Smt Vijaya Ramchandran and her group (Vivekanand Samiti??) thanx to her. Few like minded people including the students, housewives, faculty members etc got together to start evening classes for the children of labourers camped at construction sites in and around campus. She and her team roped in some people/ organization who regularly donated something to these children. In a way this was to attract them for evening classes. I joined the work for some time. when i got a job at Delhi I left. But always i will remember Smt Vijaya Ramachandran aunty for her benevolence.

self musing

there was Anna Pavlova the great prima dona. in the book written on her it was mentioned that there was a great academy in the russia for ballet, where students were taugth many subjects. and same is followed in London also. However in preset indian system it is lost. But we did have the system earlier in India where the expert dancers were there and they were master of Arts. means they were experts and taught many trades. the art of makeup, art of talking, art of manners, some MAGIC, art of body building, art of cooking, art of decoration, The Subject like Languages, the srciptures, mythology, about culture and people, pshycology, Economics, poetry, for that literature and most important was DANCE and MUSIC.
Then only they could survive in the trade and for all over the centuries the tradition continued and handed over to this time in India. Like Shri Vidya Niwas said once that Oral tradition was followed and in the process many things (wriiten things) were lost, due to unproper upkeep.
We have also read espisode of burning of our Library (and treasure) by the INVADERS, which are known as Conqourers or expeditors or Warriors but they were BRUTAL INVADERS for INDIA. One of my palestine friend always said they came to teach culture and tradition to the junglees of India. Means when they came here in INDIA all people here were JUNGLEE. ( I can not write the word TRIBALSince tribal word is prural and consist of many groups of people and As MANY in India (Free country) may be knowing what the list of tribal is) Tribal groups has its own culture and tradition etc.
Once the word “BARBARIC” tribes was used for these INVADERS, and this is correct for those who invaded INDIA.
SO the system was lost in India. Thanx to Some like RUKMINI DEVI ARUNDALE and KAMALA DEVI CHATOPADHYAY, the BHATKANDHE, PULASKAR who have made conciuos effort to revive and conserve these treasures. The Kalashetra is the only institution of that time which can be creidted for preserving the Bharatnatyam and bringing some prestidge to the art with reforms. The GURU RABINDRA NATH TAGORE is the sole example who has also established the teaching campus or the gurukul. the vishwa Bharti.
after independence there were many efforts in all parts of country to start some schools. BUT Again bieng the followers of the DURBAR politics many artists rushed to the NATIONAL CAPITAL and established their schools.