गंगू दुलहिन

गंगू दुलहिन।
हां यही नाम था उनका। रेलवे गंज हरदोई सराय के पीछे वाली गली और उसके बगल वाली गली दोनों में वे ही काम करती थीं। हमारी नानी जी के घर पर भी वही काम करती थीं। कई बार घर की चौखट पर खड़े होकर उनको चाची चाची कहकर हमारी नानी को बुलाते हुए सुना था। मम्मी को जीजी कहती थी। लंबा इकहरा शरीर चेहरे पर चेचक के दाग, हंसते समय बड़े दांत दिख जाते थे। कई बार सोचता था उनका नाम गंगू दुल्हन क्यों है?
क्योंकि गंगू गंगा या गंगाराम की पत्नी थीं यानि की दुलहन थी गंगू की। इस मोहल्ले में वे ब्याहकर ऑईं थीं। इसलिए उनका नाम सारे मोहल्ले में गंगू दुलहिन पड़ गया और वह इसी नाम से जानी जाती थीं।
कई वर्षों के बाद गली में कुछ दूसरे प्रकार की रौनक थी। छम-छम ध्वनि करती हुई एक आकृति गली में बढ़ रही थी। घूंघट से मुंह ढका था और नई बात थी कि वह चप्पल पहने थी। नयी दुल्हन की तरह थोड़े गहने पहने हुए थे। पायल के घुंघरूओ की आवाज आरही थी।
गली में हर घर के पाखाने की सफाई कर रही थी। गली में दूसरी तरफ एक सुनार का घर था। उसकी पहली मंजिल पर झरोखे में लड़का खड़े होकर कुछ व्यंग कस रहा था। रामप्यारी कह करके कुछ बुला रहा था। कुछ दिनों के बाद पता चला कि यह गंगू दुल्हन की बहू है और नई शादी हो करके हाल ही में आई है इसका नाम ही रामप्यारी है। उसके हाथ में बड़ा सा नादी नुमा, बेत से बिनी हुई डलिया सी थी और एक औजार जो हमेशा रहता था। वह साइकिल के पहिए का कवर होता है उसको एक तरफ पतला करके और दूसरी तरफ से पकड़ने लायक घुमा कर बनाया हुआ हैंडल था। एक ना एक दिन वे सुनार के लड़के इस बहू को कुछ न कुछ कह कर छेडते रहते थे। चाहे देवर भाभी के रिश्ते से या फिर नवयुवक यौवन की दहलीज पर कदम रखते हुए एक कम वय की नवविवाहिता के नाते उसे लोलुप नजरो से देखते थे। हारकर रामप्यारी कई बार कुछ घरों की बुजुर्ग महिलाओं को बोल चुकी थी कि देखो बहुत दिक्कत है परेशान करत हैं। हमें नीक नाइ लागत है। परंतु मोहल्लेदारी या रिश्तेदारी के नाते लड़कों और इस नई नवेली बहू का रिश्ता देवर भौजाई का था इसलिए इस तरीके के छोटे-मोटे मजाक समाज में चलते रहते थे और लोग इस पर कोई ध्यान नही देते थे। आजकल होता पुलिस वगैरह शिकायत हो जाती।
बहुत छोटे पर जब हम लोग नानी के यहां जाते थे तब से गंगू दुल्हन को ही हमने पखाना साफ करते देखा था। हर घर में पखाना गली की तरफ ही खुलता था। कुछ के दरवाजे अच्छे बने होते थे और बड़े होते थे। बड़े घरों के पखाने बड़े होते थे उनमें बड़े दरवाजे थे। कमरा नुमा रहता था और कुछ घरों में तो बोरे का या पीपे की टिन का पर्दा पड़ा रहता था। और रोज ही अक्सर लोगों के बीच झगड़ा होता था। विषय यही रहता था कि उनका दरवाजा टूटा पड़ा है पखाना खुला है। अच्छा नहीं लगता है। बंद करो। ढंग का कुछ क्यों नहीं बना लेते। करें भी क्या? उस स्वच्छता कर्मियों की कॉलोनी के भुजंग सुअर गली में कई बार ताक लगाकर के सारे पखानों में हमला कर बैठते थे। और जरा सा भी मौका पाया पखानों के पल्ले ढीले मिले तो थोड़े टूटे हुए दरवाजों को तहस नहस कर डालते थे। बोरी के परदे और छोटी मोटी टिन के परदे उनके सामने टिकते नहीं थे। गली में दो-तीन बार यह विश्व युद्ध सा दृश्य दिखाई देता था। इसके बाद गली के सारे निवासियों में आपस में झडप होती थी और खूब कहा सुनी होती थी। यही कि हमारे घर के दरवाजे के सामने तुम्हारा पखाना पड़ता है इसलिए इसको बंद करके रखो अच्छा नहीं लगता। कोई आता जाता है तो अच्छा नहीं लगता है।
ऐसे माहौल में गंगू दुलहिन एक परमानेंट फिगर रहती थी। उनके बिना तो गली का काम ही नहीं चलता था। रोज सवेरे आना सफाई करना और फिर अगर समय हुआ तो घरों में जाकर के तगादा करना उलाहना देना कि इस महीने में कुछ नहीं मिला। पैसे नहीं मिले, कुछ भी नहीं मिला।
हमारे घर में आकर के नीचे चौखट पर खड़ी हो करके चाची चाची कह कर बुलाती थी। मेरी नानी की झरोखे से ही उनसे आपस में वार्तालाप होती रहती थी। हमारी नानी उन्हे कभी मना नहीं करती थी किसी बात के लिए। इसलिए गंगू दुल्हन अपनी चाची के पास आकर सभी तरह की बातें करलेती थी। और अगर कुछ मदद होती थी तो वह कैसे भी प्राप्त कर लेती थीं। पैसे या कपड़े या खाने का हो किसी भी तरह की मदद उसमें हम लोग कुछ भी नहीं कर पाते थे। बस दूर से ही सुनते थे और खुदही वे दोनों आपस में ही निपटारा कर लेती थी। हमारी नानी की एक परचून की दुकान भी थी।
गर्मियों की छुट्टियों में जब हम लोग जाते थे तो गली के कई लोग इसमें कुछ भुर्जी के परिवार, एक दो कसाई के परिवार, धोबी का परिवार और गंगू दुलहिन नानी के घर से कुएं का पानी लेने के लिए आ जाते थे। पता नही क्यूं। वे जब भी आती थीं, घर के बाहर से अंदर आने पर एक बरोठा था, आज की भाषा में बरामदा सा था, वे उसकी देहरी कभी पार नहीं करती थी। उन्होंने वह एक मर्यादा सी लक्ष्मण रेखा खीच रखी थी। जीवन पर्यंत यह मर्यादा निभाई।
कई बार ऐसे अवसर आए जब नानी जी की तबीयत खराब थी। या फिर कोई बहुत जरूरी काम था तब नानी जी ने उन्हें पहली मंजिल तक बुलाया। वह भी केवल जीना जहां खत्म होता है उस देहरी तक उसके पार कभी नहीं। पर यह कभी नही लगा कि यह चाची और उनकी भतीजी के बीच कोई अदृश्य रेखा थी। सीमा थी। या रिश्तो की डोर थी। जो कि दोनों तरफ से समान रुप से खींची हुई थी। उसका उन्होंने सदैव पालन किया। हम लोगों को गंगू दुल्हन का हमेशा से मुस्कुराता चेहरा ही दिखाई दिया। जो सदैव गरिमामयी पल्लू से ढका रहता था। गली के छोर पर एक घर था। गली में उसकी निकासी नहीं थी। गली के दूसरी तरफ दूसरी गली में उस घर का निकास द्वार था परंतु हमारी गली में उस घर में दो बड़े दरवाजे नुमा खिड़कियां थी। जब ईद या बकरीद या कोई शादी विवाह आदि कोई अवसर पड़ते थे तब हम लोग उन खिड़कियों की सांको में से झांक कर घर के अंदर देखने की चेष्टा करते थे। उसमे रेशमा रहतीं थीं। गर्मियों में रेशमा भी कुएं का पानी लेने आती थीं। वे भी देहरी के बाहर खड़े होकर के दरवाजे पर चाची चाची की गुहार लगाती थी। चाची(यानि कि हमारी नानी) पहली मंजिल वाले झरोखे पर आकर के उत्तर देती थी। तब पता चलता था कि रेशमा को कुएं का ठंडा पानी चाहिए। लोग शाय़द इसलिए आते थे कि उस कुएं का पानी ठण्डा और मीठा था। पर कुंए तो कई और घरों में भी थे? पर हमें लगता है कि नानी जी शायद ऐसी जरूरी चीजों के लिए मना नहीं करतीं थीं। और घर में कोई पुरुष सदस्य नहीं था इसलिए समाज की सोच कि अकेली विधवा महिला है तो लड़ नहीं पाएंगी दूसरे घरों में पुरुष मालिक होते हैं और उनसे ही पूछ्ना पड़ेगा।
समय बदल चुका था। 1980 का समय था। समाज में बहुत बदलाव आ चुका था। तो हमारी नानी की तरफ से जो कि एक मकान मालकिन थी विधवा थी स्वरोजगार थी कभी भी इस बात के लिए किसी को पानी के लिए मना नहीं करा। हां सामाजिक लोकाचार अपनाते हुए किसी ना किसी से बोला जाता था कि पानी भर करके उनकी बाल्टी में डाल दो। कई बार तो दो एक किराएदार नाराज होने लगे पर नानी जी ने एक नही सुनी। करते भी तो क्या करते उनको घर बदलना पड़ता। पर बिना किराए के कौन उनको मकान देता।
उस सराय में भी एक बड़ा सा कुऑ था पर पता नहीं वहां वो लोग नहीं जाते थे। रेशमा के घर से कुछ कदमों पर ही सरांय थी। दो घर छोड़कर ही थी। और उनके धर्म व‌ बिरादरी के लोग थे शायद या फिर ‌रेशमा की जाती भी अपने समाज में आखरी छोर पर होगी।
हमार नानी के घर के कुएं काही पानी लेकर जाते थे, रोज नहीं, पर कभी कभार। फिर तो कालांतर में जबसे नगर निगम शुरू हुआ उनकी तरफ से नल की सुविधा होने लगी रेशमा और कमला मौसी के द्वार के पास में भी हैंडपंप था और बाद में फिर नलका भी लगा। तब तो किसी के घर जाने की किसी को जरुरत ही नहीं पड़ती थी। पर फिर भी गर्मियों में कुंए का ठण्डा पानी लेने वे लोग नानी के घर ही आते थे। परंतु सामाजिक संबंध और चाची और मौसी और जीजी आदि के संबोधन हमेशा जीवित रहते हैं। और आज भी हैं। उनको कभी भी नहीं तोड़ा जा सकता। यही हमारे समाज की रीढ़ थे आपसी भाईचारा। और स्त्रियों मोहल्ले की महिलाओं द्वारा‌ इसको शदियों से सहज कर रखा गया है अभी तक। इसको ही कह सकते हैं गंगा जमनी तहजी। और वह‌ सदैव जीवित है।

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#Floating #Lab for Floating #Islands; #Loktak #Lake

Floating Islands I have heard. But have you heard floating laboratory? earlier i had written about Loktak lake- click to read it What is common between a #deer and #dance? #Manipur

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Keibul Lamjao National Parkloktak lake 3Sangai-deer Sangai Deer

If a report in The Hindu of March 18, 2018 on page 9 of Jacob Koshy, is to be believed then a floating laboratory three days a week, four women in white lab coats traverse the Loktak Lake of Imphal in a motorboat, Scooping flaskfuls of water for analysis.

Changes in temperature is recorded, conductivity and dissolved-oxygen in 300 sq km lake. As it happens everywhere on earth the rising urbanization and land use change over the years has seen the Loktak Lake become a dump yard for municipal waste.

I don’t blame people of Imphal, since this commercial attitude and ignorance about risks of environmental degradation is rampant all over our country.

Chennai floods is most recent example of partially man-made disaster. Few said that encroaching upon natural cooum (as it is called?? Spelling?) or water bodies interconnected with rivulets, nallahs, canals resulted in such a disaster. Run off water in rains could not go to the rivers and reach sea, caused it to be accumulated in the city.

I have read somewhere that de-silting and evicting encroachment on such water bodies has been started now.

images (7)But impact of such environmental degradation results in many such disaster. Loktak Lake of Imphal is not new to this exploitation. Residents have not woken up to this hardship faced by Loktak Lake. It is historic, Tourist interest spot, a water body, that gives shelter to ecosystem of its own, floating islands and most famous Sangai Deer. Keeping it clean and alive is responsibility of residents of images (5)Imphal.

00a50a1e42 (1)The floating islands in Loktak Lake were the full of biodiversity and ecosystem. It has sustained life for so many centuries.

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How can I blame people of Imphal? When I cannot do anything to keep clean River Goddess Mother Ganga. Fate of all such water bodies is in hands of people residing on banks.

As per the report, Rajkumari supriya a researcher at Institute of Bioresources and sustainable Development (IBSD), said her colleagues, as part of routine, first measure preliminary characteristics of the water on boat and then follow it up with more analysis at their lab. “Over there we calculate the biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, chloride test and nitrogen levels”  she said, Koshy has written in his article.

The article also cites, Dinabandhu Sahoo, director, IBSD who said “Everyone talks about carbon dioxide levels, but nitrogen pollution is a major silent threat and already there are signs of calcium anomalies in some of the mollusc and other aquatic life in the lake”.

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This is similar to the phenomenon of coral bleaching in oceans, where rising sea surface temperature cause organisms that live on corals to disengage, thereby killing the corals themselves. The model of floating laboratory ties in with large initiative by centre’s DBT to monitor health of aquatic systems in northeast.

DBT also had announced plan to have multiple boats cruising the 3500 km Brahmaputra river and collecting water samples to track its health.

I would like to add that there were reports in media about some activity in the Chinese side of Brahmaputra river water, threat emanating from those reports is also a cause of concern for safety of people along the river Brahmaputra. But such activity of checking health of water system is must for all over our country. Even similar things are required for Ganga and certainly department concern must be doing all this. I have had heard over the years about pollution of Ganga, more particularly at Kanpur. Where many tanneries functioned. But all over the bank of Ganga and Yamuna many cities burden rivers with their sewage, garbage. Imagine the river Ganga starts accumulating waste of human civilization from the tip of Himalayas, from the source itself, Gangotri as it is called.

There was another disaster at the Kedarnath temple. Amazingly the temple remained protected but all surrounding areas succumbed. People go on pilgrimage and few go on tourism activities on Himalayas. When there is human intrusion in Nature’s pure environments, they do not think that they should keep it as pure as it is. People always disturb the balance, by doing many things, such as Throwing garbage (most of it is plastic that do not degrade), contaminate water and earth (many things chemically effect either the nature’s purity or pose danger to life (aquatic or terrestrial). From Rishikesh, Haridwar, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad then to Kashi (Varanasi), Patna, Kolkata River reaches the sea. On the way gets contamination.

Health of River or any water body is always helpful to its residents and also those who live around it.

In Loktak Lake, health of lake also effects the Phumdis or the floating islands on the lake. These islands made of mix of vegetation and soil, coalesce to form a thick mat that, for centuries, have hosted human settlements and fishing settlements. Fishing is one option for livelihood that depends on Loktak Lake, it offers food and livelihood people residing on it and near to Loktak lake.

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Floating islands gave few people to make their shelter. now since they have encroached upon the lake the space once taken over by people it is difficult to vacate it.

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Now even floating school has been established, that provides proof of the extent of encroachment in the Loktak Lake.

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CA-NA-First Floating Elementary School Opens In Manipur

The pH level of the lake as per measurements so far, varies from 6.8 to 7.2 (ideally it should be slightly below 7). Lots of things at stake, the heritage of centuries, an amazing ecosystem, a water body, the aquatic life and wildlife, Sangai Loktak Deer.

And I am more worried that our whole heritage of folk lore, folk tradition will be at risk. Always at the threat of becoming extinct. Manipur Dance and Music will be poor if Loktak Lake and Sangai deer are lost?

via What is common between a #deer and #dance? #Manipur

#Drukpa, #Buddhist #Nun #Ladakh; a social revolution in #Himalayas

Buddha & Buddhism has always attracted me, since school days we read about the prince Siddharth/ Gautam the son of King Suddhodhan. Thanx to Amar Chitra Katha books also, as I read many of those books (I don’t like to call them as comic? The word comic sounds to me as, similar to comedy? )

Thinking of Buddha two places come to mind The Pamir i.e. Tibet and Ladakh. It is strange that the prince who was born in Kapilwastu has become famous all over the world. In those days when ways of communication were none compared to present days of whatsUp or Whatsapp?

Watching the Documentary- The Quest of Buddha on DD Bharti was an eye opener.

t1A silent revolution taking shape under the leadership of HH Gyalwang Drukpa in Buddhist monastery of Ladakh.

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Lama was the word with which I was very much familiar, since in school I had read about Lama dance, that is held in Monastery and performed by Lamas- the Buddhist Monks. Later in Doordarshan also I saw many programs on Lama and Buddhist traditions & Paintings etc of Ladakh.

But for the first time I saw anything on the gender issue among the Buddhist Monks. In the program the plight of Buddhist nuns was described and discussed. As to how these nuns were felt discriminated all through centuries. But now time has changed. At 4th Annual council of Drukpa many ground breaking things happened. First time in the history of centuries about 50 Buddhist nuns performed the dragon dance, till date that was performed by Lamas for centuries.

Druk means Dragon. I knew Druk as a symbol of purity, since I used to buy DRUK fruit Jam and mango chutney etc. I think that brand was from Sikkim?

Drukpa means those from the dragon lineage.

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At the Naropa ceremony nuns participated equally with lama monks first time in centuries.

There was tradition of donating the sons to monastery so that son can become a monk. For the first time I came to know that among the Ladakh society tradition was of youngest girl of family can become a Buddhist nun.

As tradition goes a 3 km long walk is held to visit the holy site. This walk is lead by the head Monk.

Celebrations are held. Most amazing thing happened. The nuns performed Vajra Dance that was previously remained unknown. Means for centuries this dance was never performed in public by Nuns. Now as our India is marching ahead with time society is also changing and accommodating new things as far as possible. Shri Gyalwang Drukpa with his team is bringing many changes among the traditions in the monastery.

The girls who are in monastery are now learning many things of new world. Many girl nuns are attending schools that was not possible for centuries, as it happens everywhere, boys were given preference over girls. It happened in Buddhist society also.  Many girl nuns are learning Kung fu? A martial art. It is a physical exercise but also has elements of meditation and concentration. Girl Nuns in the documentary says that this is a physical exercise and can be called as external Yoga. This is very true I think.

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Social revolution is happening as Nuns along with society gathered in Ladakh valley and planted 1.5 lakhs trees in one hour. As said in the documentary that it entered in Guinness world record.

Another revolution happened as Nuns started hiking and they gathered plastic waste on the treks of Himalayas at Ladakh. That indicates that now Nuns have started asserting that nuns are an integral part of society. These nuns are contributing towards bringing social consciousness for environmental protection.

i tried to search the documentary “The Quest of Buddha” on DD Bharati you tube but could not get the link. But i saw it on 17 March 2018 telecast in evening.

Live to Love is there moto

 

Stand up, fight back; #Bullying seems common, but what is it?

Stand up, fight back was the topic of an article appeared in The Hindu of March 5, 2018 (EDGE page 3). Written by Ananthalakshmi Sekhar.

Bullies exist everywhere; nip their advances in the bud says the highlight of this article.

Bullying seems common, but what is it?

It is verbal or physical abuse with aliases being “intimidate”, harass. It is the sadistic feeling of joy one enjoys when victimizing the vulnerable target.

Who is bullied more- men or women? Bullying knows no gender; although women are easy targets, sometimes, men have no escape either.

It happens everywhere.

Reasons for bullying range from bigoted attitudes, poor upbringing, insecurity, aesthetic appeal, employment, earnings and more. Irrespective of the fitting reason behind this vilifying act, not all emerge stronger.

It is so strong that sometimes many have altered their circadian clock to end themselves. So how you handle bullying?

Say no to self-pity. Writer goes on to describe her own experiences and her attempts to overcome all that.

Those suffering bullying, remember, seeking assistance helps. Talk to your close friend or confidante, else to a professional. If bullied, speak out boldly to let your trauma known. Do not despair; with mental strength, you can fight back. Becoming vulnerable victims is not an effective solution.

Article ends there.

Since childhood I had been victim of bullying. Till recently, I did not know how to term that feeling now I know I was being bullied. Earlier in some writing that I have read that was equated as something due to peer pressure.

Since very beginning I started liking to dance. I don’t remember when for the first time I danced. But I do remember one incident when in Ganeshgunj, Lucknow we used to stay at ancestral home with a joint family. One song came on radio, Hawa me udta jai mera lal dupatta malmal ka. I still hear those voices in my ears.  Few people started calling loudly dance kamles dance and started clapping. I remember I was dancing on this song. Whenever this song came on radio I was encouraged to dance. I don’t know if dancing (making movements with music) came to me naturally?

Later as I grew up and started attending school at IITKanpur campus, one sport teacher spotted my talent. He used to encourage me to dance. In physical education period that was known to us as PT period, he would ask me and few others to show their talents. I used to sing and dance. Many times my PT sir praised me and my talent. So I felt special within myself. But on the other side all the class mates, more so all boys started bullying me. They used to comment on me. Few equated me with dancing girls. I was called The nauch girl, randi, tawaif, nachnewali. Few were more kind they called me hizra(eunuch) . Few friends called me a “girl”. All this happened because I used to dance.

In school few songs of mine were very famous. Nazar Lagi raja tore bangle par, inhi logon ne le lina dupatta mora and thare rahiyo banke yaar re from film pakeezah. I started iconizing Meena Kumari ji. Thus boys used to say “Thare Rahio” or “nazar lagi raja”.

I was nick named as gaurayia. It is common name of sparrow.

Later when I reached class VII or so while playing kabaddi, the boys tried to gag me and few tried to see whether I have male sex organs or not? When I went to other side on my turn, few elder boys caught me and pushed me down on ground. I heard them telling to younger boys that I am holding his hands and legs you just see in his pants whether he has that organ etc.

Meanwhile as I was growing up such miss adventures also were growing around me. So much was apprehension inside me, that while going out to buy something from market, if I saw those boys in the street, I had to change my direction. Or I had to stay back and wait for some time till they go away. There was a house of Agn….ri .and Du…e. Most of terrorists used to live those houses. I mean we were so much terrorized due to boys of those house.

Later we shifted to type two and came into high school. Then my classmates grew more mischievous. Few called me Bulbul, “nach meri bulbul paisa milega”. One gang sang “tauba eh matwali chaal”.

I grew up amidst such group of boys. Few boys didn’t take me seriously at all. I mean I didn’t have any say in that group or gathering. But I didn’t left my passion for dance.

Being born in a family that lived within a society, I cannot imagine that my family could have broken norms of society. I still feel that my father was very brave. I can’t imagine how much pressure he would have gone through accepting me and my passion for dance. Many times he voiced his anger and concerns on my habit of dancing. I really feel how great he was. His peer group might have commented or laughed at him while targeting me. He is most courageous man. He never directly stopped me, but few times alerted me.

Had we got some kind of facility of learning dance or music nearby our house, we would have got enrolled and could have learnt many things. It was beyond imagination of our family that a boy travelling few kilometres away from home just to learn dance. Such things were not considered good even in 1970s.

But yes, our family never desist or restricted me or my sisters from taking part in co-curriculum activities in school.

One neighbour with whom we used to leave keys of our house also commented once. We had so much trust on him and his family, as I said we used to leave keys of our house with them. He said “your father will have difficulty in arranging your marriage”. He said this due to the fact that I used to dance and I was famous as “A boy who dance”? Whatever were his thoughts about me, it didn’t really matter to me back then nor today.

Most of my peer group might have had some perceived thoughts about me. One classmate used to take my notebooks to complete his works. Once I went to house to talk to him, as our exams were very near. As I crossed one window, I overheard something, His mother whom I addressed as Aunty (with respect, as we were always taught to address other elders respectfully) she said he is not home. That was the last day I talked to him. Now he lives in USA, his daughters are learning Bharatnatyam. He daily used to comment on me. I have not made him friend on Facebook.

Few others are also living in USA and their daughters are doing dance. But when those girls were in my class they laughed at me. Now they are proud mothers of girls who dance Bharatnatyam.

One Marathi professor was there. He seemed to be on forefront in all cultural activities in campus, mostly classical music. But once I saw he strictly stopped his daughter from taking part in one program on stage. He was class conscious.

When I had to attend Degree College in Kanpur, I had to take bus to go to city. Many boys together went to college. On the way they commented on me. I could do nothing as I was one and alone among all those boys.

When I was student of IIT then also on few occasions I felt such bullying. The only cause was that I used to dance. I loved to dance. There was a group of ladies, they organized cultural activities in campus. I remembered once there was a dance drama “Chitrangada” of RabindraNath Tagore. One day I was asked to take part in dance sequence, there were few more boys. But I was chosen to dance on “Mohini maya elo” and I was told to choreograph few movements for the group. After few rehearsals, suddenly one day i was told that dance sequence will not be staged (or that sequence will not be part of this ballet). I think they tried to rope in my sisters and as a lollipop they might have thought to play this dirty game with me. I am at liberty to apply my mind and my perception to things happened with me.

Thus I imagined, what might have been the cause behind this bullying?

Penetration of #Internet into #minds of #youngones- #Teens?

download (8)Penetration of Internet is a topic which everyone likes to debate. Now days parents remain tensed over internet access in their homes. Earlier, 30 years back topic of discussion used to be the time spent of watching Television. Every household and all over the print media it was discussed as to how much time children need to spend on watching TV, since so called social media as we know today was not existing.download (12)

On doordarshan few psychologists were called and they told how much time children should spent on TV. Topic of debate remains same when computer revolution happened. Be in office or in home, people had TV, Computer also for entertainment, Then after few years a boom of television happened, flood of TV channels started coming, with ZEE and metro channel on DD and few more. Also thanx to the Ekta Kapoor with BALA ji telefilms pvt ltd, they have started an industry now called as Television industry. Earlier we only knew as film industry. Television was untouchables for film actors. It was undoubtedly first STARTUP in television industry? She singlehandedly churned out so many television soaps? Why they call it soap serials? I don’t know? But with her (read their) creativity we now have huge numbers of female actors, Tulsi, Baa, Sakhsi- Kahani ghar ghar ki, Yeh mohabatein,  but it was ITIHAAS serial which I saw on Doordarshan. It was having a superb TV actor Joan david??

With the revolution in Cable TV it was possible to provide live coverage to maximum number of households, Even it became a issue of politics, In few states parties woes that if brought into power they will distribute televisions sets free of cost. Earlier we used to watch few Disney cartoons on Doordarshan. Since that was the only channel. Now with advent of cable TV there are umbrella of cartoon channels. More than 20 channels. They show all types of cartoon films. Few are of south East Asia. They several characters. Hagimaroo???? Etc etc. Earlier we knew only Donald duck. Tom and Jerry. Pluto. And that fox or wolf. Then there was Mogli of jungle book.  Now my son watches doremon sinchan ben10 popei sailor to name few. But they have different cultural background and with that they different morality ethics etc that does not matches with our Indian culture. Such contents pose danger.

Now in age of IT this social media and in particular the Internet is playing secretly with the minds of our young ones.

As per a survey of NSSO [NSS KI(71/25.2)] which I had read sometime back tells that highest number of households (with atleast one member of age 14 years and above) having access to the internet facility were found in Lakshadweep with 71.9% households. It was closely followed by Pudducherry with 61.6% households at second highest. Third highest was in A & N Islands with 59.3% households (593 per 1000).

In Kerala survey estimated that about 56.2% households had internet penetration. Here most important is the fact that household member age counted was of age 14 and above. But if internet facility is available in household then can we not imagine the access to the children less than 14 years of age?

Goa had 51.0% households with penetration of internet and accessible to 14 years of age.

In URBAN areas separately it was found in survey that Lakshadweep was on top with highest number (75.9%) of households having access to internet. Second highest was urban households of A & N Islands with 71.1% households having access to internet. Maharashtra was with third highest number of households (64.6%) in country with access to internet facility. Followed by Pudducherry at 63.7%, Kerala at 62.1%, Nagaland with 61.2%, Sikkim with 60.8% and Chandigarh with 60.2% households having access to internet in that order.

About 15 states/UTs were having more that 50% households with internet facility (these households were having at least one member of age 14 years and above)

In RURAL areas Pudducherry with 58.0% households having internet facility was the highest, Followed by rural Lakshadweep with 56.1% households having internet facility as second highest. Third highest number of households having internet facility was in Kerala with 51.3%, followed by Goa with 48.6% and Delhi with 42.9% households.

If all these figures indicates something then see this also given bellow:

Daman Diu had 58.0% males dropout from schools, Lakshadweep had 50.9%, Dadra Nagar Haveli had 46.9%, A & N Islands had 45.8% males dropped out of schooling system. Pudducherry (44.6%), Odisha (42.0%), Karnataka(42.3%) and Goa(43.5%).

However, there is few estimates from survey that tells the number of never attended schools? Daman Diu had 18.0%, Dadra Nagar Haveli had 11.8%, Uttar Pradesh had 11.4 and Bihar had 14.3% males who never attended schooling system.

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In A & N Islands (as per 2011 census data)

  • 72.1% households possess mobile phones (81.2% in urban)
  • 68.5% households possessed Television (86.3% urban)
  • 83.6% households had telephone (94.4% urban)
  • 3.5% households had computers with internet (7% urban)

 

https://www.komando.com/tips/403149/secret-ways-your-kids-could-be-hiding-nudes-on-their-phones/all

The 2011 Pew Internet survey reported that 95% of U.S. young adults between ages 12 through 17 are online, of whom, 80% have profiles on social media sites, as compared to only 64% of the online population aged 30 and older. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/suren-ramasubbu/teenagers-and-the-internet_b_7012050.html

while checking net i found this. I didnt know about it earlier. 

But problem now may be of dangerous proportion? we don’t have data to show as to how many kids age wise are having access to internet in India? in some sites it requires to submit that user is of 18 years or above. But when a kid of 14 years clicking it how do the site knows exact age?. few sites i have seen while creating a profile or signing up it requires some ID proof to be put up for verification?? there also we can have fake IDs?

but i don’t know whether parents can keep eye on their kids use of internet outside home? many students now days attend coaching classes and tuition etc. How we can monitor their behaviour ?? a big challenge? to keep up our family values, morality etc?

we hear on TV the crime cases under POSCO are on rise at a high pace?

 

Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है 

Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है

until and unless one do not have a dream he cannot march forward that means one has to have some goals/objective in life to achieve.   wile talking on INDIA TV Swami Ramdev said all  this. He was telling something about his childhood life etc.

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He said he used to get secondhand books, as he could not afford to buy new books when he was in school. he was born to a poor family?

Asked by Rajat Sharma about his English speaking skill? he tactfully replied that even a sweeper in England speaks English, what’s so great about speaking English?

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It is only in India this perception is there if one speaks English he is elite or great person. That’s wrong perception, it has deep roots in the British rule, as that time it was language of rulers and Slave thought that speaking this language will get rid of the chains of slavery?

Most of the people when see at Swami Ramdev, they have a perception that had been developed all these years, that is of a sadhu not knowing English, not educated, not doing anything, wearing nothing or just two cloths, with beared, long hairs etc etc. This perception is proved wrong in case of Swami Ramdev. He does not fit in that kind of perception. This perception also came into being while British Rule. It’s a legacy of that British Rule. So to say nouveau riche, highly educated, returned from Foreign land tried to educate Indian masses about the west those had build up this perception about our old aged traditions of Sanayasi and Sadhus.

But talking to Swami Ramdev he do not conform to this perception which was taught to people so far.  Therefore social elite raise eye brows when he talks about UN, UNO, WHO, WTO etc? Even most of the educated don’t know about WTO? But being a “Sanyasi” he is fluent in these terms. I think only a learned man can only talk about such things.

When asked about the quantum of advertisements of Patanjali  being aired on so many TV channels he immediately clarified that have you compared the quantum of advertisements of MNCs?  Have you checked the amount MNCs are spending on advertisements? He said he is the brand ambassador of a brand that he himself has nurtured.

Does Sanyasi means that he should not know anything about world? Or is he barred to serve nation? through Education, marketing goods, medicine, healthy lifestyle, Yoga and also our traditional knowledge, those are enshrined in Veda, Upnishad and other various Sanskrit Literature.

Yog Guru? he is blamed that why he is doing other things other than Yoga?

I mean why such question? is asked to him? Why those coming on TV channels give opinions on everything? when we know they are journalist and work for TV channels. They should do only reporting news but not giving their opinions?

thus why He being a Yoga Guru can’t popularise Ayurveda? Why Swami Ramdev can’t speak about Swadeshi? Even Mahatma Gandhi did advocated for Swadeshi? He was a lawyer by profession. Being Sanyasi doesn’t mean that he should close his eyes on happenings in World?

History has it that Sanyasi has been used in politics, Rajneeti, Polity, social reforms etc. Be it to popularise Jainism, Buddhism, parajeevak, Advait, Vedant system etc. Kings and administrations have used them.

Swami Ramdev represents Sanyasi of new age. Few of such people can really transform our society. When he speaks i don’t want to stop listening. So much knowledge he has gained. That do not comes easily, a person has to work hard to learn all this. He gives out so many numbers figures that not many Managers, MD may know of it.

Sanyasi means someone who makes or builds a society or leads a society on path of development, either physical or spiritual.

Many occasion i see on TV people making fun of Swami Ramdev, they joke about patanjali making jeans or cloths etc? Why they make fun? why they don’t become entrepreneurs? themselves? They are citizens of India as he is a citizen. All have equal rights and liberty. Why people dont take help or utlize the Skill India Mission, Kausal vikas abhiyan Or MUDRA yojna? instead of  making fun of Swami Ramdev. And what was happening all these 70 years? how many people became self employed or entrepreneurs? Ministry of Social welfare, Industry, Labour and employment, education were doing for so many years? Why they were not able to make any of MakeinIndia brand. Why joke on someone.

Just saw an add of a toothpaste? it was having words of Veda? or herbal connection? why needed that if their product was so genuine and people had faith on that toothpaste. Now every product advertisement has something or other of herbs, herbal, Ayurveda? why? Since now they have realised that patanjali is a product they will have to compete with?

 

 

An overview: Port Blair: how to develop few things- A & N Islands

Gateway of India was created to welcome the emperor of British Empire.

At the entrance of our home, we make RANGOLI to welcome good luck and the guests, god, etc. Thus to highlight the glory of the place, which lies in decorated entrance, we decorate it with grandeur as possible.  It gives an everlasting Impression.

Entrance to the Port Blair is via two routes through the sea and the air. That means through the airport and a sea-port.

Any Master plan of Andamans cannot do without these two ports. Airport is to be strategically located. It may be located at Chidyatapu or Wandoor or some other separate Island. If that is not possible then let us develop the existing one without disturbing the Eco fragile environs of the neighborhood.

 Some kind of cushion – GREEN cushion is to be erected to stop or to minimize the drift or thrust emancipated by the landing and taking-off of planes. These are of Both types, seen and unseen!!

Airport has to house a “Motel type of thing, where tourists can stay for night. This is particularly needed at Port Blair. Which is, not viable otherwise at Chennai or Dumdum (Kolkatta)?

I mean the infrastructure at Port Blair Airport is not adequate to handle quantum of pax. It has to be seen keeping in the view of opening of Port Blair to more airlines in future. As it is already an International Airport named as Veer Savarkar International Airport. But still International flights don’t touch down here.

Once it becomes operational as an International or as a stopover, then more and more International flights/airlines will fly in as a stopover. Chartered flights will also land.

To station big size planes necessary infrastructure is required, Say a if a 380 lands here?[not possible at present but there is no harm in dreaming or visualizing].

Suppose a plane lands with 100 pax and it remains stationed at Port Blair Airport. Tourists will stay in plane at night and go around the Port Blair during the day time. [will that be possible at Port Blair?] Why not I would say? But I don’t think the situation permits that tourists stay in plane in night, while it is stationed at the hanger or any place allotted to that charted plane to stand on Airport during its stay over period. That time I imagine that if a tourist lounge is constructed then such tourists can stay at Airport too.

With chartered planes will land lots of “human resource”. Thus the capacity of the city ought to be up-to the mark to handle this influx of such floating population. This will increase pressure on service sector. Roads, Market, Vehicles, Eatery, amusements, sports etc.

When I visit Kolkata, Chennai & Delhi the T3, IGI etc I see how huge those Airports are? Built? Siting there inside of these Airports while waiting for arrival of my planes I often see around those huge glass panels, through which lots of light do come in. In media I had read or heard few mishaps also, such as falling of few these glass panels. Risking the life of waiting/siting passengers. Few I saw had double glass panels, One is outside wall and one glass panel is inside wall, and in between is huge space.

At Kolkatta the lift is situated in-between such panels. That much space is available between these two walls of glass. I had to wait for whole one night to catch the early morning flight for Port Blair. So for whole night I had to sleep in any place if available, either on chairs or on floor itself. Many people, we Indian people do sleep on spreading bedsheet that we bring always for such purposes, especially we are traveling with families.

While sitting on reclining steel seats I was awake and always think that why not they make these spaces into some kind of small resting rooms for us passengers. They are big enough to accommodate two persons, I mean a double bed size space is there. Or even a single sized bed is made available to passengers then they will be more than happy.

There are few waiting lounges are available for passengers but they are not adequate or sufficient, Many times in 20 years of my Air Travelling experience I have found not much facility is available for us people. Often few can be accommodated in such places. If you are known to or have any connection with the people who work on airport or in airlines then only you can get. Otherwise, very few people can be accommodated in those places. They were made when very few say 40 or 50 people used to travel in airlines. But authorities have not woken up to the fact that affordability of flights has increased more and more people are now able to fly? In Indian sky.

On any day one can witness the huge crowd that stay at Airport during the night. I am really amazed that why AAI- Airport Authority Of India has kept a blind eye on such crowd. I think they still have that stigma towards common people as British used to have towards third class passengers in those times of railways.

One lady was gracious enough to accommodate us, we three, me, my wife and my 1 year old son at Kolkatta airport by giving us access to the Family dormitory. On that night I think no one was there? Few Air hostesses or few airline female crew came during late night hours, as I could see. We could not actually sleep for most of the night, as my son was weeping crying most ot times, so we took him to the toilet area, that is far from those bedding area. So that other passengers could not get disturbed.

I mean huge space is available inside or near the Airport there they can provide good accommodation to passengers. They can make what is called as capsule-cabin type of hotel. It is new idea to accommodate large numbers of passengers in a small space. Packed to closest space available. Every inch of space is utilized. In normal one story they can accommodate two or three levels with small cabins. There space is available only for resting overnight. That can be prepaid. At the entrance of Airport our tickets are checked, after that passengers are left on to their own till they get boarding passes and enter the area after crossing through security check?

But accommodation we require is just after entering the Airport. That is done by showing valid Air Tickets. Since that time and till we board plane we remain somewhere inside the Airport.

At Port Blair also such capsule cabin hotel can be constructed to accommodate few passengers for overnight to start with!!!

Good ides is to make stacked columns of such cabin, mostly the ship containers, so that maximum utilization can be achieved.

NEXT is the SEA PORT

Is our Airport and the sea port is well connected? What is mode of transport? What about the public transport from Airport to the sea port? If not at present, then after 20 years it will be must.

How many passengers travel from airport to different parts of city after landing and which part is the most frequented?

What is the mode of transport they use?

Whether any PRE-PAID service is available at the PORT- Both Airport and at SeaPort?

I had experience of travelling by Sea Ship also for few years, Till I became eligible to travel by Air as per Government rules. I have very hard and bad experiences. First is if I had to take any ship then I had waste almost whole day to get inside that small gate at walled Hadoo Jetty. Whole road used to be filled with human head. After many hours we could enter that gate. Once inside then we had to secure a place to sit safely and in clean place. I mean there were lot of problems common people experience, and most often authority never imagine. But with time facilities are changing.

Mere having a big passenger waiting hall is not sufficient. The Port itself should be able to provide a small city like atmosphere. Which is possible only, when it have motel or guest accommodation with associated necessities-services for tourists. Port Blair is peculiar. Many passengers come from various islands and far off places to catch a ship bound to Chennai or Kolkatta. They had to come to Port Blair few days prior to day of journey. Now days facility of advance booking of ship tickets is made available, but earlier people used to gather few days before in city to purchase tickets.

Such people from outside of Port Blair had to stay somewhere. If any good small accommodation is available to 300 people then it is very good. Any of services if provided ONLINE so that people need not to come to Port Blair can be stopped.

Many passengers travel to other islands also. For such travels there is another type of jetty/wharf, sea port available. Such passengers if make plan beforehand, then they stay at hotels in Port Blair and take boats on their planned date.

But if passengers immediately after landing at Airport needs to catch Boats? Then?

Whether we have a tube rail between the airport and sea port having other points as well on the route?  Like from Garacharma to airport, via dairyfarm, secretariat and Chatam and the sea port or such points as decided by authority.

At Sea Port more entry channels and safe channel are to be developed for entry of ships. This is more important if we imagine any increase in frequency of ships coming to Port Blair either from mainland or inter islands.

Coming to ships, the number of ships has to be increased both for inter islands and mainland sectors.

More Big crafts(ships) are required. Some can be of Amphibian category or like HOVER CRAFT.

These vessels are required for COASTAL surveys/exercises etc done by the COAST GUARD, NAVY and also it must be with the District Administration or local administration. This can be utilized by the scientific fraternity to study the coastal related works either it can be for BIOSHIELD of mangrove etc (MS Swaminathan Foundation had also give few recommendations on making these Islands more close to nature), The Botanical, Zoological, Geological, FISHERIES and Anthropological survey of India and so on [there are so many of surveys of India]. They can use such crafts for studies including the Natural Resource Mapping etc. Then there are Pollution control boards and bodies.

OR

A craft like SAGAR KANYA which can be utilized to study the OCEAN and related studies. The underwater marine life, under water terrains, structures can also be mapped, AND I will dream that one day a ship will roam in ANDAMAN SEA to find the sources of FUEL in the sea bed, like GAS or CRUDE OIL etc.

Sea, surface, underground & Air transport need to be developed simultaneously so as to complement each other.

These are very well a part of master plan and it should not be thought that these are not part of city life. City development depends lot on its surroundings.

If a CITY knows very well about it surroundings then only it can survive better than those who don’t know their neighborhood.

Another futuristic project of my dream is Why not to have a big Sea Cruise liner? Lots of things we hear happening in Mumbai, Goa. They offer weekend cruise.

There can be a Cruise stationed at Hadoo wharf, tourists who come at Airport, after landing straightaway they go this cruise ship to start their sea voyage.

It can be sy a week in any direction Hutbay-Little Andaman, Havelock, Neil, Little Nicobar or Car Nicobar, and Great Nicobar-Indira Point.

There are many National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Marine parks etc. These cruise liner can travel in sea near to those few of restricted areas such as national parks without touch the coast, showcasing the natural resource or wild life or marine life etc. Without landing any footprints on those islands.

Cruise liner can come from Chennai, Kolkatta etc on a trip to emerald islands. These ships are like floating city. When that millennia happened, that I thought and told to few people that we missed this opportunity to showcase our biodiversity at International arena.

That time Katchal or Kamorta was named as famous island for sunrise of millennium in India. As was kiritbiti Islands? That time sea cruise liner could have utlised that opportunity for international tourism.

Mud Volcanos, Dugong, Barren Islands etc are few potential we can have, Even untouched forest of Great Nicobar Islands can offer opportunity, if opened for nature tourism.

For all or any kind of activity in these islands Port Blair city has to become capable to sustain increasing influx of population.

More state run of PPP mode guest houses, hotels have to be established. PBMC could also take initiative.

Along with movement of tourists, our security forces also need to be alert, strengthened. Wildlife protection force having new technological tools gadgets including communication tools are required.

Once the gates are open to welcome influx of population in garb of tourists, adventure tourism, family reunions, business trips and lots of other purposes, need of hour is to have constant vigil.

But the big question then comes as to whether these islands are capable of sustaining the pressure of this influx. That will be in form of providing the basic amenities to all inhabitants. The prominent being the WATER, food, shelter in that order of preference. The most burning problem of these islands is the availability of the fresh or sweet water.

Though the irony is that these islands are situated in Bay of Bengal surrounded by Deep Ocean but not having sweet water for its inhabitants. The shortage of water has been a perennial problem.

The water reservoirs were built long back. Not much research has been carried out to meet the requirement of water and then how to sustain or utlize RAINWATER. Often called as RAINWATER HARVESTING.

The models and the modes have been found not suitable for the local environs. Once in few buildings the outlet to collect rain water was blown away by stormy winds. And it is a fact that during the major part of the rainy season, islands bear the brunt of high speed storms.

At one place concrete structure was constructed on ground to collect rainwater but it was never put to use.

My idea was that we can use the terrain to construct rainwater harvesting structures. It means the rainwater harvested at one level will be used by the level below to it and so on.

The tanks built should be somewhat above the ground so that it can provide natural thrust or flow to the lower level by gravity.

It should be mandatory for all govt. buildings to have rainwater harvesting structures installed. Schools Govt built accommodations, community halls, market places. The local bodies must make this as habit to develop the rainwater harvesting methods.

All the hotels providing shelter to tourists must have rainwater harvesting system. All the residents having their houses built must be directed by issuing a notification to have rainwater harvesting structures in their houses. And the size must be decided on the basis of the either size of the house/structure or the number of residents.

Waste management, waste disposal is key to success. Thus City Body must have adequate technology driven waste disposal plant. No Untreated waste should go or flow into sea. It pollutes the marine life. Now a days Green concept are becoming famous. Making energy from waste, either bio-waste or human waste too. Chennai corporation utilize bio-waste to generate electricity. Why not it can be done at Port Blair?

Can we have solar cooker in Port Blair? But no, since sunny days are less in Port Blair than in mainland. When I was at Kanpur, we used the solar cooker, and it worked very well for us. It had four black boxes, in them we cooked rice, dal or boil potatoes etc.

Even if every resident try and segregate their own waste material, that can be used for composting. That will save considerable amount of pollution. But people mostly throw their garbage directly into the drains. That results in awkward situation on roads in Port Blair city, as I had seen in Junglighat, during heavy rains. Lots of garbage, plastic packets, bones, legs, pieces of meat etc flow on the road itself, as water gushes throw drains carrying garbage from upper areas of junglighat. Drains also over flows in some areas. What authorities can do? They can just request citizens to not to throw garbage in drains.

Department of Agriculture, Animal husbandry, education, industries, fisheries, health, together with the PRIs etc should make all efforts to sensitize residents.