Few Doors are beyond worldly explanation, as not much words can be written in praise of their beauty.
Such as this Hoyasala Dynasty (Karnatak) created beautifull gateway of temple-Abode of God. On both side dwarpal keeps an eye? always they remain on Guard. In this photo i wish to point out that even God-Lord lives here, his gate-Door of abode has no Life without these lovely colourfull followers-seekers. Thus we as seekers make this Door more beautifull- i will write in favour of women.
Our Women folk, if they enter this Door, its importance is enhanced. women of houses seldom get time to visit abode of Almighty, as they are constantly and continuously engaged in household chores. performing duty-catering needs of all family members-Husbands, relative, Children and keep their house neat and clean. Mother is first teacher-thus she has responsibility to groom her children into good citizens. Therefore, if any women-Mother enters abode of God -through this Door, God feels extremely gratefull to mothers. It is He who welcomes such guest. Mother who are creator as such, even God bows to all mothers in respect. He cannot give birth? mother has to be there in any way, if he likes, he creates a Mayajaal around us.
Often mother sacrifice their feelings, over the kartavya-duty towards family.
i bow in respect of all mothers, before i bow to Lord
Dancing Celestial India (Uttar Pradesh). Early 12th century. Sandstone. H. 331/2 in. (85.1 cm) Promised Gift of Florence and Herbert Irving (L 1993.88.2) Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC. The contours and richly ornamented surfaces of this celestial attendant to the gods exemplify a stylistic shift away from earlier Gupta-influenced forms. Here the linear play of surface decoration and dramatic contours replace the earlier emphasis on seamless volume and subtle balance. The sculptor has twisted the figure into an extraordinary pose that captures the essence of her dance and seems absolutely believable until one imagines actually trying to turn this way. The jewelry sways and emphasizes her movements, both in the way the necklaces and sashes follow the curves of her body and in the upward thrust of the spiked tips of her crown. The crisp carving of her adornments makes a pleasing contrast with the smooth and rounded surfaces of her flesh. Images of dancing semidivine attendants often appear on the outer walls of Hindu temples. They are placed near the figures of gods to honor the deity, just as actual female dancers honored the gods’ images within the temple.
But in our Indian classical Dance or so to say in other Indian dances there are various pose, Mudras those may seem impossible for west minds? But In many pose/Mudras certain amount of training goes into, before perfecting it. Specially in BharatNatyam, Oddissi dances?
Such are few common pose in or dance and Indian milieu? putting the red crimson red called Sindoor on forehead, that is symbol of Married women? But the way it is executed in dancing movement is something is captured the imagination of many artists. Even dancers also execute this movement with grace. Thus sculptors also put their expertise. Somtimes it is putting eye liner, or putting flower in hair plaits? or decorating head forehead etc. all such movements take shapes in various forms of arts.
Museums have now become multi-utility spaces? Museums now hold Talks-Debates, Movies, Documentary screening, Study tours, Walk through History, Research, Cataloging, Publications, Archaeological important material, Anthropological research, Exhibitions, much more. I think list is still not complete? So vast is the scope of museums now a days in world? As National Museum started a course for students, i am sure other museums must be doing same.
Earlier when museums were thought it was just as an art gallery for exhibiting, preserving few historical things, mostly excavated or collected paintings, sculptures etc.
Only few people used to visit such places, exhibiting Egyptian mummy, animal specimens.
I had visited few: Lucknow Zoo, there was a small structure housing few Egyptian mummy and few of old vintage portraits. Then i saw Salar Jung Museum on my visit to Hyderabad in 1977 when my father took us on LTC. It is one of the largest museums in the world. largest one-man collection of antiques in the world. one cannot completely see and be satisfied by one day visit. One clock was famous there, at every hour clock rang bell. A horse parade sort of thing happens in clock, with lot of other mysterious things. So everyone inside the museum kept an eye on their clock so that at the decided time they rush to see the clock.
Another striking Big sculpture i saw in white marble, in front it had a woman and at back side of a man. To show this huge mirrors were kept behind that statue.
I saw Mysore palace, it had a beautifull gallery of paintings of Raja Ravi Verma (Ravan Jatau yudh and Lady with the lamp) and few other artifacts. In Mumbai I saw the Prince of Wales Museum (now it is renamed as chatrapati shivaji museum there i saw King Cobra, i couldnt stand in fornt of it, felt shivering, It’s hood stood few feet above and seemed that it will just strike. So i shifted little bit from its front. Then there was Jehangir Art Gallery on same road, i think? Aquarium of Mumbai was also an attraction.
Actually that day I walked from Gateway of India to masjid bander(?) I don’t know for how long i walked. On the way I saw Prince of Wales Museum, Jehangir Art Gallery, VT Station on my right side. I passed by it, but i could not notice that there is a big railway station inside that building? on the way there was National Gallery of Modern Art? (till that day i was thinking only one NGMA existed in India, that’s in New Delhi. I did one Art appreciation course at NGMA New Delhi in 1994-95. later in life I visited National Museum at New Delhi it’s a life time opportunity to see this museum. It houses treasures of our Indian Heritage. I also got chance to visit Bhopal. I took a trip to see the Shiv Temple at Bhojpal? later i visited Indira Gandhi rashtriya manav sangrahalaya इन्दिरा गांधी राष्ट्रीय मानव संग्रहालय . This is an open air museum housing types of houses, things used by tribal community. it’s spread over a large portion of land, one really needs strength to walk around. Bharat Bhawan is also in bhopal, there i saw many paintings of renowned painters. Works of Mrinalini MUKHERJI ji. I have had heard names of BB Karanth? Vibha Mishra?
While studying i could know about few other places such as a library at Rampur Raza library started by Nawabs of Rampur. Famous for music traditions, i heard, it had lots of manuscripts of musical importance. Then there was one Khuda Bux library of Patna?
One of the dream place that i wish to visit is Saraswathi Mahal of Tanjore. it is said to house big treasure and truly named as Saraswati, in name of Goddess of learning. On looking at the treasure in National museum New Delhi I could guess what saraswati mahal could be having. Many Beautifull Tanjore paintings i saw at National Musuem,Delhi.
On Doordarshan, i got to know about Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum. He talked about how he collected many specimens of historical importance, most important was Mastani Mahal, That was built by Pehswa Baji Rao for Mastani. Kelkar museum has the portion of that mastani mahal.
I visited Albert Hall (museum) Jaipur, it was constructed by King of Jaipur when Prince Albert had to visit India and it was named as Albert hall It houses many artifacts, paintings, ornaments, sculptures, carpets, utensils & many more.
following are some of the Gems of Sculpture, Art Architecture etc from India. just scroll down. See and appreciate great Art of India, and largely kept preserved due to Museums, Gallery and pvt collections. Many of such diamonds of our Art had been looted outside of India.
Chola Dynasty saw the highest standard of metal works, using the lost wax technique.
Below: Parvati, 10th century, Metropolitan museum of Art, NYC
Both pictures below looked similar? thus kept together
Chola period (880-1279), early 11th century, Rockefeller 3rd Collection of Asian Art, Asia Society
Natraj, the supreme Art of chola dynasty
Not only Metal craft but Indian Art had high standards of Sculptures in Stone.
Many temples and caves carving are not available since they have been destroyed. But off late i find many such lost treasures of Art are now stored in Museums across world. thus in disguise these Museums preserved our Art treasure, even though they might have been stolen, smuggled out of India.
left is from Khajuraho
Above: Female Tree Deity or called as Shalbhanjika, c. 973 Rajasthan, Sikar, Harshagiri, 10th century cleveland museum of Art I name it as Apsara.
Queen Sembiyan Mahadevi as the Goddess Parvati Chola dynasty, 10th century India Freer Gallery of Art, Washington DC
I cannot say if there is any other icon similar to or near to this statue in Metal (Bronze?) anywhere else in world. so perfectly modeled in that century.
woman & head wear, head dress!
2nd–1st century B.C.E.
at Yale University Art Gallery @YaleArtGallery
note that dress, shoulder drape, bangles
i thought belt is more like kamar-peti(waist belt) worn in Odissi dance! pic.twitter.com/k3JfAaQ7NV
one side India had highest standards of statue/Sculpture art, other side there were Paintings
Chola and Pallava bronze statues (9th to 13th century AD). Bronze Gallery, Pantheon Complex. Chennai
see incredible minute detailing that too in metal works, these were created by using Lost Wax method. Imagine how difficult it would have been.
even type of fashion textile cloths robes attires used in past are stored in Musuem
choga? Jama/ Jaama
embroidered choga, a loose-fitting, open-fronted coat, likely made in Kashmir, Later, it made its way into wardrobe of Saiyid Sa’id, sultan of Zanzibar & imam of Muscat, Oman (1803–56)
as per @metmuseumpic.twitter.com/cmQmGubrSU
amalgamation of traditions do occur in path of evolution & its sign of continuation of civilization sarvatobhadrika-syncretic image that symbolized unity of 5 extant sects of Hinduism-that of Shiva, Vishnu, Surya-sun, Shakti & Brahma Archaeological museum Bhopal 📷 Vaibhav_arora pic.twitter.com/IMprRbRb3w
below is Chola Bronze, sculpture of Goddess Parvati. Similar is of Bhoodevi at LACMA
Many places have become open art gallery or museum. As more and more excavations are done more treasure is unearth? but few places-monuments that were unrecognised earlier are now have become famous. Deogarh, Bhitargaon Temple, Stupa, few caves, Ajanta Ellora, Elephanta, Badami caves etc. they house treasure of our arts.
All thanx to our Museums And Art Galleries.
All must visit such places any where or near you live, to know about our glorious past.
Sarang Dev wrote Sangeet Ratnakar. Sarang Dev compiled knowledge known (or available) prior to him such as Nāţyaśāstra, Dattilam, Bŗhaddēśī, Sarasvatī-hŗdayālańkāra-hāra and ideas of Abhinavagupta on Nāţyaśāstra. He wrote about ancient scholars such as Bharata, Matanga, Dattila and Narada paying homage.
Strange is that how in that age where mode of communication were supposed to be none as compared to present times. He managed to study works of Abhinavagupta who lived in Kashmir? SarangDev though belonged to family of Kashmiri Brahmins but still while living in Devagiri he studied Abhinavgupta. This shows how big was our knowledge base and was scattered across the geographical boundaries from Plateau of Pamir to Kanyakumari or Kucth or Patliputra in Magadh.
SarangDev(1175–1247) (शार्ङ्गदेव) was working in court of Singhana I of Devagiri of Yadaya dynasty(13th century). Amazing thing is that he was working as an Accountant, but he perused his passion Music!!
If these yadavas were claimed to be from Kannad background, Kannada language was used in their courts but along with Sanskrit and Marathi then the works of SarangDev in Sanskrit might have got appreciation of rulers also. As He was on payroll of yadava kings and if he wrote something that does not suited to the ruler, how can we imagine that work (Sangeet Ratnakar) could still survived? Thus this work on Sangeet Ratnakar might have got sanction of Ruler Singhana II. Incidenlty the Yadava rulers were also said to have built Jain Cave temples at Ellora?
Sangeet Ratnakar classifies sangeet into two kinds: Marga-sangita and Desi-sangīita. Marga refers to the classical techniques taught by Bharata in Natya Shastra. Desi Sangita refers to regional improvisations that may not follow the classical rules and structure for the music and performance arts. Many of our elder musicians who were hard core classical musicians followed Marga Sangeet.
but if regional traditions is to be belived then question comes as if the Maand singing as was prevalent in Rajasthan would be called classical or Deshi Sangeet? Maand Kokila Allah Jilai Bai of Bikaner sang most famous Maand Kesariya Balam, Padharo Mhare Desh
According to Sarngadeva’s verses 27-30 of the section 1.1, song is everywhere, in the cry of a baby, in the beats of nature, in the pulse of life, in every human act of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.
The sections 3 through 8 of the first chapter describe nada(sound), svara(tone), Sruti (microinterval) gramas(primary scales), murcchanas(derivativescales), Varna (Color), Jati(Mode), Alankara (Embellishment), giti (Singing styles), meters and other musical concepts.
Many of us must be aware of this figure, nick named as Dancing girl of Harappa/Mohenjo-daro, found in 2500 BC old Indus River valley civilization. Indus river is know as Sindhu River in India. It has become world famous idol. People are researching over iconography etc things on this. But For me, I was amazed, why the name “dancing girl” is given to it?
How can historian/ archaeologist can name her as a dancing girl? She could have been any authoritarian figure? Priestess? or any sacrificial woman? Or simply a dream girl (muse) of an artist? Why not? But assigning this name in itself tells the attitude of society at large towards the word “dancing girl”. It is very easy to write “dancing girl”?
Is there anything such as Her ornaments, posture? hair plait? necklace? eyes? or any thing that can indicate her being a dancing girl? i Don’t think so? This statue is from thousands of years old civilization? it is in Bronze? a difficult metal craft? and that too there was no Industrial revolution (as of UK) or #3D printer, not even elctricity for grill machine or tools? All there was traditional knowledge, hard work, enthusiasm and observing power of eyes? or even we can say power to imagine? People in Europe once upon a time imagined that earth is flat and if you walk accross a certian point you will fall down. That was imagination power?
If this statue is not observation then how one can imagine such thing? A Dream Girl? can we say?
It is still unknown as to what purpose this bronze statue served?
But it is certainly amazing that how this craft of using metals came to Indus valley civilization? It was done in lost wax technic as we know today? It is an example of Art of metallurgy prevalent in Indus River Valley civilization.
It’s not a dancing pose, it’s a standing pose. Even, sometime we stand like this, placing hand on waist. This statue was discovered in 1926 by a British serving officer (obviously) in colonial India. Now pakistan disputes it, I don’t understand why pakistan disputes it? earlier in that part of world everything Indian was destructed by the invaders from West Asia, and now after partition a newly born country claims to be owner of 3000 BC civilization. This itself indicates what they wanted to loot? What they are teaching in History books of Pakistan?- that Indus valley civilization grew and became Pakistan?
Lost wax method was used in Chola period also to make amazing beautifull Bronze statues. But for using that technic in Indus Valley there must have been some previous references? some education? knowledge transfer? passed on to generation to generation? it is not that suddenly one day, a man created bronze statue by using lost wax technic? it requires lots of things, planning execution. when wax is lost (melts away) the impression on the metal becomes visible and look artistic. isn’t it? At first a statue is created out of wax then covered by clay or mud, dried and then molten metal is filled inside, so that melted wax runs out from other end.
She can be any one? even a queen? or consort? any diety? why not? she can be even a gaurd/fighter? waiting to get her spear? or arrows ready from back, or something hidden at back? in olden times women gaurds were kept to protect princes queens or royal ladies and even for kings also? but in that time British officers were mostly amazed by the Nautch girls, dancing girls, tawaif or Devdasi traditions in India. Thus when someone in British Office/Archeologist? saw it, he immediatley imagined the dance pose of dancing girls that he had in mind imprinted so vividly that as soon as he saw this he named it dancing girl?
from wiki: This discovery indicates that they (indus civilization) knew metal blending, casting and other sophisticated methods. The bronze girl was made using the lost-wax casting technique and shows the expertise of the people in making bronze works during that time. The statue is displayed at National Museum, New Delhi.
A similar bronze statuette was found by Mackay during his final full season of 1930–31 at DK-G area in a house at Mohenjo-daro. The preservation, as well as quality of craftsmanship, is inferior to that of the well known Dancing Girl. This second bronze female figure is displayed at Karachi Museum, Pakistan.
An engraving on a piece of red potsherd, discovered at Bhirrana, India, a Harappan site in Fatehabad district in Haryana, shows an image that is evocative of Dancing Girl. The excavation team leader, L. S. Rao, Superintending Archaeologist, Excavation Branch, ASI, remarked that, “… the delineation [of the lines in the potsherd] is so true to the stance, including the disposition of the hands, of the bronze that it appears that the craftsman of Bhirrana had first-hand knowledge of the former”.
But I still Don’t agree with their Assumption? that her profession was dance? How they can presume? For Shri Ram at Aydohya few people are asking for a proof? here they are naming her as dancing girl without any proof? I think mystery of Harappa civilization can only be solved by deciphering the SCRIPT? So after reading all that is written in that script can tell something about lost civilization. But Pakistan cannot claim that it is their heritage?
Many miniature paintings also depicts lot of interesting things about these dancing girls of India. Which are often referred as Tawaif, courtesan, nachini, domni, Kothewali, Derewali etc names aplenty but they have been at centre of life of any city, court/Mehfil or folklore.
When British came to India they became Gora Sahebs. Few gora sahebs started imitating mannerism of mughal or nawabs.
The dancing girls were the most evident in painting of that era. Also these gora sahebs were fascinated by these charming ladies. Gora Sahebs also patronized paintings.
These painting are called as Raj or Company school paintings.
Dancing girls, Ganika, NagarVadhu, Apsara concept has been in folk lore and mythology also. But when it became an ill famed custom we dont know?
Shakuntala was daughter of an Apsara, but she was a daughter of a Sage at first? Sage was solely responsible for birth of Shakuntala. But some how his name is not written in black color? only the characters of Apsara is much talked about? Irony?
I tried to search pictures on dancing girl? obviously through Google.
This pic must be from South India? the dhoti adorned by men is may be from Andhra, Karnataka or Maharashtra? Girls adorning the dress looks similar to worn by Sadir natyam or dassi natyam?
please note one thing in this pic that these girls are of very young age?
Beautifull Girl in this pic is again of a tender age? forced to dance? accompanying artists belong to a community? Tabla, the percussion instrument and sarangi are the accompanying musical instruments. This is probably of Mughal influenced era.
Below is another beautifull photo of a dance girl from Lucknow? See all beautifull things around her. Richly designed ornament/ jwellery and pure Gold or silver (not at all imitation) The curtains, the cushions, the mattress, the fashion? yes they were the fashion icons of those times. They make new styles of dress, specially custom made and wearing them they make it into fashion statements. As I understand they (these women) were actually master entrepreneurs, as they supported or patronised many crafts. the dress designing, Textile weaving, tailoring, coloring of textiles, Jwellers, artists- painters, and all those trades which had these women as their clients?
Ancient Indian sculptures also depicted few of such fine example of good art.
The beauty at Sanchi stupa is a poetry carved in
The ornaments bangles, ear rings, necklace, waist plate and rings in leg all are extremely intricately designed.
Figurine, hair style and her skirt are all evident.
There are few other good examples of beautifull sculptures of Ancient India. These are the most beautifull and umatched in world? Best poetic sculptures are found in Hoyasala, Belur etc in Karnataka. But still i can say there are thousands of such in South India.
These incredible statues carved in stone many centuries ago? No one can deny the hard work patience of artist or craft persons.
I have put these pics here just to show the dance in our arts. Compared to that statue found in Harappa. Can you say that statue was of a dance girl? I think in India our artists knew how to depict dance movements. Presumption is done by those not belonging to this land. Their assumption is made out to be a fact? That’s is wrong.
This statue reminds me of my favorite song from Pakeezah. Thare rahio banke yaar re. Particularly the lines where Nayika (dancer in film) says bole payal nigodi…. and similar
pose. mudra is taken to indicate/depict that Bhaav of payal
nigodi……as is done in this sculpture on left.
it looks as if master craftsman descended from heaven to create such intricate amazing beautifull sculptures. When you stand in front of these creations you can’t say it is created by men. One life time is not enough to see all of splendour of India:
Ajanta Ellora caves, Elephanta caves, Belur, Hoyasala, Mahabalipuram, Konark, Khajuraho, Kiradu, Dilwara and whole of Rajasthan.
The book by Pran Nevile describes in detail about the dance girls in colonical India.
System of nautch girls or dance girls was prevalent in this world from time immemorial. It was there in Kabul, Gandhar, Afghanistan, Kashmir & upto Kanyakumari in South India. Nomenclature differed, from Tawaif to Devdasi.
In the said book there is a description that a dance girl kept whirling and keeping eggs on this loops tied with strings, he referred it as egg dance? not a single egg was broken.
These dancing girls were most innovative also. As is evident from dress they wore.
Indian films also had a hand in mystifying the dance girls. In many movies they are shown in some extra ordinary manner. I mean they are shown not in Authentic manner. Very few films had these dance girls in correct perspective. I was in awe of Pakeezah, Umrao Jaan (Rekha ji) and this Chitralekha mostly due to my love for Meena Kumari ji.
Bela Bose and Meena Kumari ji were there in this film. Many scenes Meena ji was behind the mask and some double must have danced.
But the Temple dancers from Orissa were totally different as i found out while reading many articles. These women never danced outside temples. They are called MAHARI, not devdasi. Two major class of Mahari was there, Bhitar Gauni and Baher Gauni. First was allowed to enter Garbh Griha, the sanctum of Temple and second class did seva outside the garbhgriha.
She is the last surving Mahari
it says Women of pride?
Why not? They were bearer of our Arts? Traditions? Music and Dance with other attached traditions have been kept alive by such women and their families?
Thus naming them just as Dancing girl is not correct? For whom they danced? Who made them to dance? They were daughters of big VIPs and most respected Men of society, Kings, Dewan, Pundits- Brahmin, Priest, Business Men, Chettiar? Seth as we call. Merchant etc and etc. Thus degrading them is not in right perspective. Dancing Girl deserve respect?
just see this image. Is it really from Kashmir?
its not just beautifull sculpture but it is proof of hard work, high standards of Art, metal art? prevalent in our India centuries ago. During the time of invaders lots of arts, knowledge have been lost. Many arts have become extinct.
When I saw this beautiful gate I was speechless. Stood there just admiring this magnificent majestic artistic creation. I forgot that it was noon time in month of April and anyone can imagine the heat, temperature during summer times in Kanpur. It is Nice example of Indian Architecture. How much time, patience, hard work might have gone into building this? I forgot hot scorching sun over my head. I was just standing and watching this building.
Many intricate carvings are very beautiful.
See this detail of carving on gate.
I presume this is Goddess Ganga on top of gate. As Aligator मगर वाहन is prominently present there. In one hand deity is holding a pot may be it is Ganga jal गंगाजल or Amrit अमृत. But on second look the statue doesnt look like a goddess? is it Vishnu? or Kuber? but since it is riding on an Aligator?
Over time such beautiful buildings are crumbling, partly due to neglect, ignorance, lack of resources either financial or commitment. In era of commercialization where even family relations or bonds are neglected how can we presume that our rich tradition of art can be given priority?
As tempo reaches near the river bank it halted just few metres before Pathar ghat in Bithoor, Some problem in engine was noticed by driver. We were disembarke. Just as I turned to my left there stood this magnificent remainent of a beautiful building. It’s obvious with intricate design on whole of building that it was work of passion dedication but now a picture of neglect. I don’t think this will be there in coming time. I don’t know how to save it. But I just clicked it to save it’s sight in my camera.
It has the famous symbol of two fish, much prevalent in Awadh area. This is considered auspicious. But I thought whether such symbol could have been made on a religious building such as Temple. Or it was an official building? It could have been a residential building also. I will certainly try to know on my next trip to Bithoor, Kanpur. It was made from the smaller bricks. Such bricks and still smaller than this were prevalent in that time. Often called as गिट्टी ईंट Gitti. The plaster was applied on outer surface. It was so good that seeing it can’t be guessed whether inside are these Gitti bricks. I had heard the masala mix had urad dal, methi-fenugreek in it so as to make it binding. I dont know why that brick was called as lakhauri?
Below is a burj kind of thing, standing over there i could see large span of River Ganga (Ganges), it’s bank, people dipping in water, people performing pooja-whole bank of river was full of people. So much devotion-faith people had for River Mother Goddess Ganga. Inspite of scorching hot temperature people gathered on the river bank.
Pathar ghat Bithoor
This point when i stood there, i could imagine dancing on this chatri
This building in white colour is a resting place for pilgrims, visiting Bithoor. built by a talukedar-raja Tikait Rai, as written-mentioned on this board. Tikait rai pond is also i heard in Lucknow near to it one of my uncle lives. In those times patrons-rulers etc used to build such places for pilgrims by act of this they tried to earn -Punya पुन्य as concept of पाप & पुन्य was prevalent. Now days term CSR is making round-Corporate Social Responsibility-as it is called.
This is seen when you walk through the Memorial built at Bithoor, This is said to be the portion of the Palace of Peshwa. He was referred as Maharaja in Bithoor and surrounding villages. This nice piece of Palace is just going to ruin.
Bank of River Ganga whom we address mother Ganga offers a place where hordes of people gather and perform many rituals. Aged old tradition are followed by people. They come from far off places to perform rituals. This is photo when I went with a family to perform the ritual Mundan, Hair removing for the first time of a child. Such occasions offer many opportunities of livelihood, employment generation to the locals and as well as people from various adjoining places. They come here in hope of earning something while people gather to perform religious social rituals at such bank of rivers. This is Bithoor.
I knew it as Doordarshan but now it is known as DD. There are various channels of DD at present, DDNational, DDsports, DDNews, DDIndia and DDBharati.
It has been a journey of 57 years for doordarshan. I don’t know who coined this name for our National TV, but it was perfect choice for national TV.
Often we used to call it as Sanjay ka kaliyugi avatar. lat; dk dfy;qxh vorkjA
egkHkkjr esa lat; dh nwj n`’fV dk o.kZu vk;k gSA
@DD_National twitter handle of Doordarshan twitted these photographs
Then through the years we started liking DD. But also we hated it so much so that its name was coined as #dkoV ds fy, [ksn gS
In those days very often it so happened in almost all Sunday movies that this caption used to be shown in middle of scenes.
That time all of us used to curse the doordarshan. Sometimes when cricket match was telecasted and if this caption came, all of sudden students started crying loudly and started making sounds.
Luckily we carried over that period and passed on to a new chapter when there was news that a Metro channel is coming. It was for two hour special channel on Doordarshan. Then in 1982 the INSAT thing happened and we got a National Telecast in a real sense. Our late Prime Minister Smt Indira Gandhi ji asked the Capt. Rakesh Sharma when he was in the spacecraft above in the sky, that how does our India looks like? He without any hesitation replied that lkjs tgkaW ls vPNk Sare Jahan se Accha. To this reply Smt Indira Gandhi also laughed. All this happened in front of our eyes. Whole nation enjoyed. Asian, National games-Bhartiyam, CHOGM, NAM, SAARC all started happening on the screen in our houses. Nothing of that sort ever happened before. All this happened in COLORs, earlier all we saw was in black and white screen.
In my house TV came in 1982. There was this program on Immortal melodies Immortal stars. All old stalwarts came on screen, Rajkumari ji, Noorjahan came to India and sang vokt ns dgka gS rw nqfu;ka rsjh tokWa gS Great Naushad sahib conducted the song. As it seems, that time stood still.
Earlier when there was only one TV in whole colony, all children used to hang on to the window of that house. Those who were close to that family were lucky and saw the TV from inside of the room. But I was a weak child, I got the chance to hang in the window iron bars and sometimes I was not even given that opportunity also by the mighty boys of our colony.
Those were very bad times for me. I used to think why this TV is not in my house. But then how could we ask such questions to our papa ji? We did not have tape recorder, not even a camera? But yes we had a Radio. It was a big one named as PIE. It was from UK I think? My father was in Indian Navy. He was in the team which was sent to England to bring back the INS Vikrant to India. That time my father might have bought that PIE Radio, I think?
Later we used to walk for 1 km from type one in IIT Kanpur campus to type two to watch Sunday movie in house of Mathurs. I am gratefull to Mathur family. They did permit us to watch TV sitting in their drawing room. It was a great thing on their part in those days. Yes it was a great emotional thing. I had been scolded many times in some houses, as to not to touch those sofa covers. While watching TV, As it happened in ecstasy sometimes I forgot my poor existence and might have put my hand on sofa cover, and it got some wrinkles. That was enough to get a scolding from the lady of house. It was quite OK for me. It was not a big price to pay in lieu of watching that idiot box?? Isn’t it?
But time passed on From 1976 to 1982. But in this journey i came to know lot of great souls of India. Our Bharat Ratna a great soul, a Divine Singer Smt MSubbulakhsmi one such persona.
Even in 1982 many households did not own a TV. In villages, where i visited during summer and winter holidays (vacations) not many had even a Transistor. Few enthusiastic youths and few landlords had Transistors. They had nice colorfull covers, nicely woven by the ladies of households. The cricket match was the prime objective for transistors among young. News/Samachar and some film songs were the attraction for rich people. Later even rickshaw pullers also had transistors nicely tied on to their handles or specially designed hangers on cycle or rickshaws. In bus also i saw good arrangements were made to hang Transistors.
Even during the time of Reshma ji, she did not know much about Radio. After lots of reluctance she was allowed to sing on Radio.
But When in 1982 TV came to our house our sensibilities changed. Prior to that we were depending on Dharmayug, Hindustan,
Illustrated weekly, Kadambini, Navneet, Sarita, chandamama, Amar chitra katha, parag, chandan or nandan? gudiya, for various needs of Knowledge, entertainment etc.
Later i also had Vama, Femina, Frontline, Reader Digest and few other magazines for my reading.
I used to read books of famous Shivani ji (Gaura Pant), Acharya Chatursen, Premchand, AmritLal Nagar etc.
Newspapers were also there- Hindustan Times, Times of India, Aajtak, Dainik Jagran.
we all grew up reading all this. But when this TV came all of sudden our world diminished and coiled into that idiot box. Why that was called as idiot Box? Through Doordarshan really i got darshan of far off places. I got to see films in Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Marathi, Manipuri, Bengali, Punjabi, Assamese, Telugu, Bhojpuri, Oriya, i doubt whether there was any film in Kashmiri? back then. Till 1990 i kept watching doordarshan at my home. i had seen Sagar Sangamam, Sindhu Bhairavi, Agni Nakshatram, But i liked the most was the film Sankarabharnam. Then there was my fav star a super star, most creative person i have ever seen after V Shantaram ji was NTR NT Rama Rao.
All of his films shown on Doordarhsan were superb. Daanveer Karna, where he wore most artistic Shoes and walking in the compound of palace of pandavas, when he placed foot on the floor, the camera NTR used there was most innovative. One has to see himself to appreciate that angle of camera? SitaRama Raju. where he played role of the fighter. Then there are many such films where NTR played role of Krishna, Vishnu etc. All films were artistically superb, Each Frame of his films were like paintings. Just like most of the films of V Shantaram were like a work of Painted canvas. He was a creator of art. I don’t remember how many films were shown on DD in Telugu, but most of them i saw were of NTR. Then there was Tamil films, Shivaji Ganeshan, and MGR etc. The film in which Shivaji played a mythological? role where he was fighting with his own son. But he did not know that fact. later somewhere during fight or after that he was told that fact. Then there was a film in which heroine was staying in her sister’s house and during absence of her sister she went to her bedroom. But in Night the hero came and unforgettable thing happened. Hero thought that lady was his wife. Then in one film the heroine is a district collector and the hero is a simple govt employee. The films of Padmini, the gem of Travancore sisters. this dance sequence where i think MGR was there, and went to see the dance of heroine in disguise, as if nobody could see them. there were so many. few were shown of Vaijayantimala in Tamil also. Padmini played a dancer role. There was this film in which i saw Jayaprada and sridevi together. (am i correct?) The famous film in which Kamal Hassan worked with Jayaprada. He had some dance scenes. Bombay i saw in Malayalam. But later it was also in Hindi.
With the journey of Doordarshan i came to know about many stalwarts and GEMs of India and Indian Music. The Gauhar Jaan was the star of her times. She was a Super star celebrity of her times compared to present times celebrity, she was more highly paid and commercially successful.
There were few good programs on our rich tradition of Music also. Smt Naina Devi ji was the permanent feature in many such programs on Doordarshan. There were many such vidushis. Like Sidheswari Devi, Girja Devi, Rasoolan Bai, Asgari Bai, later Begum Akhtar became the star attraction on Doordarshan. There was Savita Devi, Shobha Gurtu, Usha Uthup though apposite genre of music but both captivated audiences through their music, Doordarshan telecasted their programs.
RukminiDevi Arundale and dances choreographed by her came on Doordarshan.
So Doordarshan was one medium through which i learnt about India from Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Leh, Gilgit, Kanyakumari, Kucth. Through Doordarshan i came to know about our rich heritage of Indian Music & Arts. Jammu to Kanyakumari. There was one program on DD i heard, few folk singer were singing some of their folk songs but it was said they sounded like hymns of Veda?