Durga Bhabhi, great freedom fighter

images (38)Since school days we knew name-Durga Bhabhi. i don’t remember if it was in our school text book or heard from our elders. But as I grew up through print media and later through doordarshan got to know about her more. She was most courageous lady among our freedom fighters of that time.

There were many freedom fighters, but why did she being a woman jumped into such hard life. even though she was married and had a son, still she left everything and sacrificed everything-Happiness for making our Bharat Mata  Azad, or independenceC_xVptiUQAEaolX-500x792

What made her to accept hardships of life, or what inspired her to sacrifice everything of her life. Greatest thing is that she didn’t thought about her son?

normally what we see is that mothers often sacrifice everything for children. we find opposite in Durga Bhabhi. Born as Durgawati devi.

दुर्गा भाभी का जन्म सात अक्टूबर 1902 को शहजादपुर ग्राम अब कौशाम्बी जिला में पंडित बांके बिहारी के यहां हुआ.  she was married to  Bhagwati Charan Vohra, a member of  Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Other members of HSRA referred to her as Bhabhi (elder brother’s wife) thus she became to know as “Durga Bhabhi” in Indian revolutionary circles.

Sushila Didishe was also became active member of   Naujawan Bharat Sabha and worked together with other associate of her husband.

two days after killing Saunders, on 19 December 1928, they planned to catch train from Lahore for Bathinda en route to Howrah early next morning. She posed as wife of Bhagat Singh and put her son Sachin in his lap.

Rajguru carried their luggage as their servant. Bhagat Singh had shaved off his beard and cut his hair short on previous day and dressed in Western attire.

When Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev came to her house on night of 19 December 1928, Sukhdev introduced Bhagat Singh as a new friend. Devi could not recognise Bhagat Singh at all. Then Sukhdev told Devi the truth and said that if Devi could not recognise Bhagat Singh in his changed clean-shaved appearance despite knowing him well, surely the police would not recognise him as they would be looking for a bearded Sikh. They left the house early the next morning. At the station, Bhagat Singh, with his concealed identity, bought three tickets to Cawnpore (Kanpur) two first-class tickets for Devi and himself and a third class one for Rajguru. Both men had loaded revolvers with them to deal with any unanticipated incident. They avoided raising the suspicions of the police and boarded the train. Breaking the journey at Kanpur, they boarded a train for Lucknow since the CID at Howrah railway station usually scrutinised passengers on the direct train from Lahore. At Lucknow, Rajguru left separately for Benares while Bhagat Singh, Devi and the infant went to Howrah. Devi returned to Lahore a few days later with her infant child. (from wiki)

But thing is while whole journey there was risk involved, that she dared to take. knowing that if caught police could have killed on spot? possibility was there. Thus Being a lady and a mother she plunged herself into fire, that was a great thing. shows her determination commitment towards freedom struggle.

9 अक्टूबर 1930 को दुर्गा भाभी ने गवर्नर हैली पर गोली चला दी थी जिसमें गवर्नर हैली तो बच गया लेकिन सैनिक अधिकारी टेलर घायल हो गया। मुंबई के पुलिस कमिश्नर को भी दुर्गा भाभी ने गोली मारी थी जिसके परिणाम स्वरूप अंग्रेज पुलिस इनके पीछे पड़ गई। मुंबई के एक फ्लैट से दुर्गा भाभी व साथी यशपाल को गिरफ्तार कर लिया गया। दुर्गा भाभी का काम साथी क्रांतिकारियों के लिए राजस्थान से पिस्तौल लाना व ले जाना था। चंद्रशेखर आजाद ने अंग्रेजों से लड़ते वक्त जिस पिस्तौल से खुद को गोली मारी थी उसे दुर्गा भाभी ने ही लाकर उनको दी थी। उस समय भी दुर्गा भाभी उनके साथ ही थीं। उन्होंने पिस्तौल चलाने की ट्रेनिंग लाहौर व कानपुर में ली थी।

भगत सिंह व बटुकेश्वर दत्त जब केंद्रीय असेंबली में बम फेंकने जाने लगे तो दुर्गा भाभी व सुशीला मोहन ने अपने रक्त से दोनों लोगों को तिलक लगाकर विदा किया था। असेंबली में बम फेंकने के बाद इन लोगों को गिरफ्तार कर लिया गया तथा फांसी दे दी गई।

साथी क्रांतिकारियों के शहीद हो जाने के बाद दुर्गा भाभी एकदम अकेली पड़ गई। वह अपने पांच वर्षीय पुत्र शचींद्र को शिक्षा दिलाने की व्यवस्था करने के उद्देश्य से वह साहस कर दिल्ली चली गई। जहां पर पुलिस उन्हें बराबर परेशान करती रहीं। दुर्गा भाभी उसके बाद दिल्ली से लाहौर चली गई, जहां पर पुलिस ने उन्हें गिरफ्तार कर लिया और तीन वर्ष तक नजरबंद रखा। फरारी, गिरफ्तारी व रिहाई का यह सिलसिला 1931 से 1935 तक चलता रहा। अंत में लाहौर से जिलाबदर किए जाने के बाद 1935 में गाजियाबाद में प्यारेलाल कन्या विद्यालय में अध्यापिका की नौकरी करने लगी और कुछ समय बाद पुन: दिल्ली चली गई और कांग्रेस में काम करने लगीं। कांग्रेस का जीवन रास न आने के कारण उन्होंने 1937 में छोड़ दिया। 1939 में इन्होंने मद्रास जाकर मारिया मांटेसरी से मांटेसरी पद्धति का प्रशिक्षण durgawati-fighter-freedom-bhabhi-october-october-revolutionary_a438cd46-03ab-11e6-859d-3d3bb55f49d3लिया तथा 1940 में लखनऊ में कैंट रोड के (नजीराबाद) एक निजी मकान में सिर्फ पांच बच्चों के साथ मांटेसरी विद्यालय खोला। आज भी यह विद्यालय लखनऊ में मांटेसरी इंटर कालेज के नाम से जाना जाता है। 14 अक्टूबर 1999 को गाजियाबाद में उन्होंने सबसे नाता तोड़ते हुए इस दुनिया से अलविदा कर लिया।

Unlike other freedom fighters, after Indian independence, Durga started  living as a common citizen in quiet anonymity and exclusion in Ghaziabad. She later opened a school for poor children in Lucknow.

Durga died in Ghaziabad  on 15 October 1999 at the age of 92. today when I hear word freedom fighter and getting pension from Govt then i think how great she-Durga ji was? i don’t know whether she was getting any pension or support from Govt. 22308571_1491648694216787_2676064535863627096_n

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Gaurang Katyayan misra

I am nobody on this vast globe. trying to search for my relevance for existence. Trying to read boundaries.. how to demolish them? want to walk on path of wisdom.. such as vivekananda, Ram, Krishna, Meera, kabir, Sankaracharya, rani chennama, ahilyabai holkar, Laxmi bai, umrao jaan, Rai praveen, Chanakya, SitaRam Raju, Shiva ji, lachit burfukan, Sankar Dev, list is endless

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