These words are echoed in my memory ever since school days. There is a long tradition in our History of literature of such high standard of creations. This is a style of poetry often called as छायावाद।
As the human race began to explore this vast earth from the days of hunter-gatherers, cave dwellers and then to settlements, from there to small habitations that converted into basic villages, in our context we can write Vedic period then (Pre-Vedic and post Vedic??) later the different Janapad and MahaJanpad. Those grew into Nationalities- Magadh, Kalinga, Kekaya, Gandhaar, etc to name few. Then there is a period when we know the time by the names of dynasties?? Gupta, Nand, Maurya, Saakya, Kushan, Hun, Hoysala, Rashtrakut, Pallav, Pandya, Chola, Chera, Pal, Chandel etc.
Later Ancient India, Medieval India, etc.
But in all these ages the most integral part of Human life has been language, literature. Without which there could not have been any kind of communication.
Read it in light of the hastag? #NationalPoetryDay?
Are they pointing towards the Indian Poetry or they are pointing towards the poetry brought from an alien country to India? We should see our Indian literature in light of the development of literature in other nations in world. Where was the literature of those countries when our ancient poets, created such a rich treasure. But now a days people will turn blind when name of #Sanskrit comes. Since most of the ancient works were in Sanskrit therefore those who don’t know Sanskrit cry loud and try to project our Sanskrit as something backward, and cry praise for English?? Irony. When English was born? But do they (people who breathe English) believe that any other language will not take place of English? Chinese or French or German, Japanese? People speaking these languages do not read write or speak English?? Even English of USA and UK are very different from each other.
Time immemorial in India we have been hearing about वेद Ved or Veda and वैदिक साहित्य या काव्य Vedic literature. There are four Ved. Rigved ऋग्वेद is the compilation of the hymns dedicated to various kinds of rituals etc.
मानव बोल चाल के लिए या भावों को प्रगट करने के लिए ध्वनियों को विभिन्न शब्दों तथा वाक्यों के द्वारा ही प्रयोग करता है.
और यही शब्द स्थान परिवेश संस्कृति और काल के कारण विभिन्न भाषओं का रूप ले लेते हैं
भारत में हम व्यास का नाम सुनते आये हैं ।
व्यास भास वाल्मीकि विशाखदत्त शूद्रक आदि प्राचीन नाम स्मरण हो आते हैं | महाभारत गीता रामायण आदि का नाम सुनते आये हैं ।
ved are the oldest literature known in the human history. let anybody accept or reject this. Time they say is about 2 millennium BC? How does it matter for we Indian. We had a tradition of Shruti श्रुति . A rich tradition of oral knowledge, as we grew up in our homes lots of legends are told by our grandmother and grandfather and later by our relatives, neighbourhood etc. There we don’t ask any kind of proof? but since these kind of exchanges continue in our families and in society and thus this kind of rich bank of knowledge remains and continues to remain alive from generation to generation. All that is in form of SHRUTI. श्रुति स्मृति. Smriti is another kind of literature. First what people hear and then what they remember and reproduce is called as स्मृति Smriti? am i right?
thus there are Four वेद Ved, उपनिषद Upnishad, Smriti, पुराण puran etc all are forms of our rich literary treasure. There are Shusruti शुश्रुति .
- Samhita-patha: continuous recitation of Sanskrit words bound by the phonetic rules of euphonic combination;
- Pada-patha: a recitation marked by a conscious pause after every word, and after any special grammatical codes embedded inside the text; this method suppresses euphonic combination and restores each word in its original intended form;
- Krama-patha: a step-by-step recitation where euphonically-combined words are paired successively and sequentially and then recited; for example, a hymn “word1 word2 word3 word4…”, would be recited as “word1word2 word2word3 word3word4 ….”; this method to verify accuracy is credited to Vedic sages Gargya and Sakalya in the Hindu tradition and mentioned by the ancient Sanskrit grammarian Panini (dated to pre-Buddhism period);
- Krama-patha modified: the same step-by-step recitation as above, but without euphonic-combinations (or free form of each word); this method to verify accuracy is credited to Vedic sages Babhravya and Galava in the Hindu tradition, and is also mentioned by the ancient Sanskrit grammarian Panini;
- Jata-pāṭha, dhvaja-pāṭha and ghana-pāṭha are methods of recitation of a text and its oral transmission that developed after 5th century BCE, that is after the start of Buddhism and Jainism; these methods use more complicated rules of combination and were less used.
The Rigveda Samhita is the oldest extant Indic text. It is a collection of 1,028 Vedic Sanskrit hymns and 10,600 verses in all, organized into ten books (Sanskrit: mandalas). The hymns are dedicated to Rigvedic deities.