The Diva- one and only Sitara Devi ji….nritya samragyi; queen of kathak


In every frame here one can find the bright spirit that comes alive the moment you see Sitara Devi ji
Not only for women’s day but for my respect and remembrance i thought to “google” (as this word has become synonym for search) some of the images of our great star. Thus from those thousands pics i selected and copied few pictures available on net and pasted here.sitara3

I wish i can write a small booklet on her. (i will try on net) each frame tells a story thus that story i will imagine and try to write or express in my way. but for now, the women’s day she is the true symbol to pay respect towards her.

I had seen her programs in broadcast from Lucknow Doordarshan Kendra, all black and white during 1980s. I wish all are available in doordarshan archives?. Similar programs of GopiKrishna were also telecasted.

Although SitaraDevi ji hailed from Kathak family and a Brahmin family where it was a social stigma on dancing by girls of such families, But due to encouragement from He Father and guru Pt Sukhdev Maharaj she got opportunity to learn Kathak Dance from her elder sisters Tara ji, who was mother of Nritya Samrat GopiKrishna ji. Another elder sister was Alakhnanda ji who was also a famous kathak performer of her time. I think she died nearly in 1984 ??? i dont remember exact year. But when I went to BHU to appear in an examination there i has read an news that Alakhnanda ji was seriously ill and ailing in a hospital. Since i went to appear in examination and i could imagine how my parents and relatives could have reacted had i requested them to take me to that hospital just to see Alakhnanda ji?? that is situation in our society of present times, then imagine what hardship these ladies the stars had to face during their childhood in 1920s or 1930s?


queen of kathakpic oldsitara 13

sitara9sitara12sitara8in filmssitara10

sitara15sitara4 sitara-devitwo pics



This particular image is enough to describe her untiring spirit and ever ready to dance. She was on wheel chair, I mean she was unwell that time and still she performed on stage at a function organised in memory of women empowerment


CHILD ABUSE at home : Child sexual abuse, what can we call it?

While sleeping i felt something unusual. I tried to figure out, But deep in sleep i could not. I felt a human body beside me and thus clinging to that warm body I slept again. Now i know how it is dangerous to fall fast asleep.

He after applying his liquid kisses on me, tried to take me into his tight embrace. I also put my arms around him. He was so pleased by this that again he gave me his liquid kisses. He uses his toungue to lick my cheeks.Putting his lips on my cheeks, he sucks my cheeks tightly. He then as if assuring me tried to caress all over my head, my body and planted kiss on my forehead. 

After that whenever i felt something i would move. He immediately took me into his grip of arms. presented kisses as if saying don’t worry, everything is ok. for assurance i had bounty of his liquid kisses on me. He many times would say “good child”.

I had picked up habit of imitating him. Whatever he did i did try to do same. He used to kiss on my body, forehead, cheeks, neck eyes, i also tried to copy him and tried to cling to him and try to kiss him on his chest and his cheek. When he moved his body towards me then i kissed him. I also imitated him by placing my arms around him.

he was kissing me all over, his chest was on my mouth suddenly his nipples were exactly on my mouth so his nipple came into my mouth and I tried to put lips on them. He liked it. Then he moved towards me and adjusted me so that my mouth be placed towards his chest and that point i put his nipple in my mouth. He liked it. Actually he was trying to adjust himself so that I can do it again on him. He gone mad at that time with lots of groaning moaning sounds, and he madly kissed me again and again. he just ate my cheeks as if he will puncture my cheeks. My cheeks were full of his saliva. he rolled this warm toungue all over my cheeks and face. he sucked cheeks strongly. Whole of my cheeks he pulled by making vacuum inside his mouth.

when i tried to suck his nipple he laughed. i heard him laugh in that darkness. My ears were full of thumping sounds of my heart and his heart. His chest was close to my face. He was taller than me. Then he lifted his leg and put on me as if keeping me under his control. After I slept i didnt know what happened and when he came and when he untied his cloths. But When he put his leg on me then the touch of his skin and flesh told me that he had removed his dhoti (cloths).

While lying he turned half-way towards me placing his leg on me. My hand was between his leg and my body. when he kept his leg on me, my hand touched his thighs. he lifted his leg and adjusted himself so that my hand touch him where both of his leg meet. He pressed his arms around me tightly, he pushed me down and funny thing was that he presented many kisses.

Again while sleeping in this posture suddenly some movements woke me up. my hand found that he had loosened his loin cloth and he was rubbing himself against my body. there it was, a very hard erect thing. He might have also known that i have woken-up so he again encircled me with his strong arms and pulled towards his chest and tried to assure with soft kisses and started licking me. he guided my hand with his hand. he held my hand and placed it around that pulpy tube like organ, he guided my palm to grip it and then he made some movements. By All that he meant as to tell me what to do??

My palm touched that stiff, erect hard thing. what was it? A hard fleshy thing. he guided my hand to do whatever he wanted.

He started moaning. he suddenly took me into his tight grip OF ARMS as if i thought he will break my bones. But he did not forget his liquid kisses. I was made to turn halfway, now i was completely in his grip. He started rubbing vigorously his belly against me. I think he knew that i loved his liquid kisses, thus whenever i tried to stop him,  softening his grips he kissed me with his saliva kisses. 

Something happened to me. I also put my arms around him. he pressed me close to him. he tightened his arms around me and with more force he thrust his belly on me. After that when i tried to move away he would just soften his arms and when i again start sleeping he would again do something

All few days all this touching thing went on. 

that day also he stayed in my house.  Strangely i was sleeping, something happened, since by now i had become habitual of this body touching and tight grips. thus thinking that something happening as usual, carelessly i just put my arms also around him and slept.

I felt some pressure, he kissed me. Today he was at my back. I tried to turn but he forcefully stoped me. Strong arms encircled me. He was partly naked. i felt his bare chest at my back. That was a December night. Inside the quilt he had removed his cloths and my kurta also. at my back i was feeling his skin.

when he applied force that time i might have woken up, he then forcefully took me into arms and was thrusting his belly into my back.  He had traped me in his arms, he caressed all over my body. he surveyed my back. When he forcefully pressed his belly into my back i was shocked. there he had applied his saliva, at that moment when he thrust his organ into me. When his raw flesh (devil) touched on that spot and when he applied saliva i was blown into pieces. He thrusted his fly and pressed against me. his organ was trying to pierce into me. He was halfway through. with full force I moved a little and came out of bed and failed his attempts.

That night changed me for forever. 

This incident brought some of the previous memories to fore, which by the time i had forgotten.

These happened when i was i think 6 or 7 years old.

in one dark night I woke-up due to some unknown sensation growing in my lower part, I found one of my cousin lying beside me. He was much elder to me. he was doing some movements holding me.  i felt some wet sensation. he was directing my arm to hold in grip a slippery tube like bulbous structure, he was holding my hand and making my hand to do some to and from movements with speed. After some time some strong smashing jerks felt by my hand. I could not see anything since it was a darkest night, i have ever known. then he took me somewhere to another place. When he placed me on that bed i found there was another naked body (man) was lying, suddenly my skin touched that man’s body, i felt his skin.  It was a big body and well built. He took me into his arms, gently. Despite of a tough body he was gentle enough to kiss me several times. This was amazing kiss i ever had. i never had such type of kiss ever before. He adjusted me beside him on his bed. My cousin who took me on that bed went back. This BIG body which was naked, kept his arms around me as if i am a petite little chicken who has to be treated softly. he made me to cling to his body with his strong big arms. Immediately He made my left palm to hold something. It was much more magnificent than my cousin’s organ, hard, bulbous, smooth silky, wet, and erect with warmth. It also had some jerky motion within, only missing thing was that i could not see it. There was complete darkness of night. nothing was visible. He was holding me in arms while offering kisses. Body was wet with sweat. But that thing was much more longer than my palm. While i was guessing what this long thing is? He squeezed me, climbed on me, I felt crushed under his huge body and he was doing all his jumping motion on me, i wanted to run out ..he held me strongly under his body. He was strong built… I tried to run out of the that he said what happened my child? where are you going?  

he was a tenant in my grandmother house. that night my grandmother was not at home. she had gone to attend a pooja at neighbour’s house which usually they do in the NAVRATRI days. Devi Jagran.

Then whenever i felt something unusual thing while sleeping i found my cousin doing something at my front While taking nap in the summer afternoons, he used to come on bed and lay beside me. I was staying alone with grandmother. In afternoons it used to be complete barren time. Everybody would sleep. He wore just a cloth around his he was completely naked. encircling my body with his hand around me. he wud make my hand to take his organ in grip. and to do some movement over it. 

was this not child molestation, where i could have complained, these persons were known to me, trusted persons.

That person who recently did this to me was Elder to me.

He used to stay in our house whenever he used to go city for his job. He always got chance to stay at our house. By touching and praising he made my body accustomed to his TOUCH. then slowly he had graduated on to sneaking into my bed at Nights. Then he made me feel his kisses, liquid and warm kisses, gradually he introduced me to his bare body, his strong arms, He used to encircle me in his tight grip of arms.

Then after wards he made me touch his bare Chest. And i don’t know how he made me to touch his nipples by my mouth and all through this i just tried to imitate all his actions. Gradually he used to lay beside me naked. few nights he just cling me to his bare body thus he made me to like his touch of his body. he then untied his lion cloths and made my hand to touch his private parts. slowly after few days he tried to forcefully press his body against my body. with his arms he pulled me towards his body. Slowly he made my body to start liking his applying force on me….. then found that he started playing with my front and back with his hand. Many times he tried to enter his organ inside me with force but at first i tried to resist and successfully ran out of bed. But gradually he became violent in applying force. But when he found me sleeping and he pushed through his organ at my back and he did apply his saliva so as to make it slippery and just was halfway through. I stoped him and ran out to save myself. But hurt was done.

even after so many years of my life those acts and touch and that piercing act of his after applying saliva all that just dont leave me, they come all over again to me. What i can do?

Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है 


Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है

until and unless one do not have a dream he cannot march forward that means one has to have some goals/objective in life to achieve.   wile talking on INDIA TV Swami Ramdev said all  this. He was telling something about his childhood life etc.


He said he used to get secondhand books, as he could not afford to buy new books when he was in school. he was born to a poor family?

Asked by Rajat Sharma about his English speaking skill? he tactfully replied that even a sweeper in England speaks English, what’s so great about speaking English?


It is only in India this perception is there if one speaks English he is elite or great person. That’s wrong perception, it has deep roots in the British rule, as that time it was language of rulers and Slave thought that speaking this language…

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Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है 

Dream is must. सपना जरूरी है

until and unless one do not have a dream he cannot march forward that means one has to have some goals/objective in life to achieve.   wile talking on INDIA TV Swami Ramdev said all  this. He was telling something about his childhood life etc.


He said he used to get secondhand books, as he could not afford to buy new books when he was in school. he was born to a poor family?

Asked by Rajat Sharma about his English speaking skill? he tactfully replied that even a sweeper in England speaks English, what’s so great about speaking English?


It is only in India this perception is there if one speaks English he is elite or great person. That’s wrong perception, it has deep roots in the British rule, as that time it was language of rulers and Slave thought that speaking this language will get rid of the chains of slavery?

Most of the people when see at Swami Ramdev, they have a perception that had been developed all these years, that is of a sadhu not knowing English, not educated, not doing anything, wearing nothing or just two cloths, with beared, long hairs etc etc. This perception is proved wrong in case of Swami Ramdev. He does not fit in that kind of perception. This perception also came into being while British Rule. It’s a legacy of that British Rule. So to say nouveau riche, highly educated, returned from Foreign land tried to educate Indian masses about the west those had build up this perception about our old aged traditions of Sanayasi and Sadhus.

But talking to Swami Ramdev he do not conform to this perception which was taught to people so far.  Therefore social elite raise eye brows when he talks about UN, UNO, WHO, WTO etc? Even most of the educated don’t know about WTO? But being a “Sanyasi” he is fluent in these terms. I think only a learned man can only talk about such things.

When asked about the quantum of advertisements of Patanjali  being aired on so many TV channels he immediately clarified that have you compared the quantum of advertisements of MNCs?  Have you checked the amount MNCs are spending on advertisements? He said he is the brand ambassador of a brand that he himself has nurtured.

Does Sanyasi means that he should not know anything about world? Or is he barred to serve nation? through Education, marketing goods, medicine, healthy lifestyle, Yoga and also our traditional knowledge, those are enshrined in Veda, Upnishad and other various Sanskrit Literature.

Yog Guru? he is blamed that why he is doing other things other than Yoga?

I mean why such question? is asked to him? Why those coming on TV channels give opinions on everything? when we know they are journalist and work for TV channels. They should do only reporting news but not giving their opinions?

thus why He being a Yoga Guru can’t popularise Ayurveda? Why Swami Ramdev can’t speak about Swadeshi? Even Mahatma Gandhi did advocated for Swadeshi? He was a lawyer by profession. Being Sanyasi doesn’t mean that he should close his eyes on happenings in World?

History has it that Sanyasi has been used in politics, Rajneeti, Polity, social reforms etc. Be it to popularise Jainism, Buddhism, parajeevak, Advait, Vedant system etc. Kings and administrations have used them.

Swami Ramdev represents Sanyasi of new age. Few of such people can really transform our society. When he speaks i don’t want to stop listening. So much knowledge he has gained. That do not comes easily, a person has to work hard to learn all this. He gives out so many numbers figures that not many Managers, MD may know of it.

Sanyasi means someone who makes or builds a society or leads a society on path of development, either physical or spiritual.

Many occasion i see on TV people making fun of Swami Ramdev, they joke about patanjali making jeans or cloths etc? Why they make fun? why they don’t become entrepreneurs? themselves? They are citizens of India as he is a citizen. All have equal rights and liberty. Why people dont take help or utlize the Skill India Mission, Kausal vikas abhiyan Or MUDRA yojna? instead of  making fun of Swami Ramdev. And what was happening all these 70 years? how many people became self employed or entrepreneurs? Ministry of Social welfare, Industry, Labour and employment, education were doing for so many years? Why they were not able to make any of MakeinIndia brand. Why joke on someone.

Just saw an add of a toothpaste? it was having words of Veda? or herbal connection? why needed that if their product was so genuine and people had faith on that toothpaste. Now every product advertisement has something or other of herbs, herbal, Ayurveda? why? Since now they have realised that patanjali is a product they will have to compete with?



Rekha ji- through photos

I started collecting pictures of Umrao Jaan.  But then I don’t know which photo is to be deleted from this collection.

Each and every frame speaks something or the other, Emoting various kinds of emotions. I don’t have caliber to select or delete any of these photos. Rekha ji did a memorable role in this movie and her name and her acting in this role will be etched in golden words in history of Indian cinema along with two other names one is most respected MeenaKumari ji and Shri Muzaffar Ali, who is a Raja in true sense and sensibility…from Kotawara and Luknow…which is often pronounced as Nakhlou

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इंजीनियर साहब के जूते Engineer’s shoe

इंजीनियर साहब के जूते हां यही है इंजीनियर के जूते  20170728_133438

सुबह जब हम ऑफिस जाने के लिए उतरते हैं तो यह जूते यहीं पर रखे दिखाई देते हैं

कई बार तो इनकी चमक देखकर अपने जूतों की तरफ देखना पड़ता है कि कहीं हमारे जूते सही हैं कि नहीं और अक्सर ऐसा होता है कि हमारे जूतों की चमक इन से 19 होती है


हमारी बिल्डिग मे तीन मंजिल है भूतल उसके बाद प्रथम तल और द्वितीय तल या फिर कहे की तीसरी मंजिल पर हम रहते हैं जब हम उतरते या चढ़ते हैं तो इस ही जीना से सीढ़ी से उतरना पड़ता है

दोपहर को जब दफ्तर से घर खाना खाने आते हैं तो चढ़ने के समय भी इन के दर्शन हो जाते हैं चाहे हम 1:00 बजे आए या डेढ़ बजे पर यह जूते पहले से ही यहीं पर डटे मिलते हैं    जब 2:00 बजे दो ढाई बजे हम दफ्तर जाने के लिए उतरते हैं तो भी यह जूतों की जोड़ी अपने स्थान पर ही बैठी मिलती है    शाम को जब ऑफिस से घर पहुंचो तब भी इस जोड़ी के दर्शन हो जाते हैं चाहे 4:30 बजे चाहे साडे 5:00 बजे

5:00 बजा हो या 6:00 बजा हो परंतु यह जूते अपनी उपस्तिथि हमसे पहले ही दर्ज करा लेते हैं

हैं ना ये एक अजब बाद क्यों ना हो आखिर हैं तो यह इंजीनियर साहब के जूते

वही हमारे जूतों की जोड़ी साल दो साल ही चल पाती है कभी उस का तलवा निकल जाता है कभी आगे से चमड़ा लेकिन इन इंजीनियर साहब के जूतों की जोड़ी को देखकर उनकी चमक के आगे हमारे जूते शर्मा जाते हैं पता नहीं उनके जूतों में ऐसा क्या है जो हमेशा चमकते ही रहते हैं

I just sulk that how come he manages his office. His vehicle waits for him for hours in morning, He leaves after me, when i rush to home in lunch his shoes sits at door spot well withing time, and in evening also they shine in front of door before i reach my home. He gets more salary than me. All things are repaired or refurbished by PWD well in time, on the other hand I have to have satisfy with the leaking roof for almost now 4 years, no one is listening?


His all doors were changed, whereas only one of my house. So many other features are added to his house that are not in my  house. Tap in balcony, many more outlets in wall for collecting water.




Festival of Tribal Dance


This i had written after watching Festival of Tribal Dance, conceived by most renowned Theatre personality Ratan Thiyam. I had been his admirer since many years. At kanpur i used to get news about him through Doordarshan or News Papers. When i was in Delhi then he had shifted in Manipur. But when i heard the news that Festival is going to happen in Port Blair immediately i rushed to get a life time opportunity to see him live. Luckily i got seat just behind him. This concept of festival may be old but i got to know very recently. A good concept to combine the Song Dance and Theatre all together at one platform for Tribal communities to come and perform. All this happened under ageis of NSD National School of Drama.  In sidelines of this performances a workshop or seminar kind of thing was also there. Where various research workers and Tribal groups also interacted and presented their analysis etc. I was none of them but being an ardent lover of Arts- Dance i was attracted to this.




Work force: work participation rate (WPR): population census, Cultivators

Most of people are now aware of the word “Work Force” Thanx to our Prime Minister. At various places he highlighted about young large work force of India. Often this tag line is referred to while talking about #MakeInIndia.

What is Work force? Often it can be referred to as Labour Force.

What is Labour force? : Persons who are either ‘working’ (employed) or ‘seeking’ or available for work (unemployed) or both during a major part of the reference period, constitute labour force.

The Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR)- is a measure of the proportion of a country’s working-age population that engages actively in the labour market, either by working or looking for work. It provides an indication of the relative size of the supply of labour force available to engage in the production of goods and services.

Census definition of worker is slightly different from NSSO. The person who is engaged in economically productive activity during the reference period of one year preceding the date of enumeration was considered as worker. A person who has participated in the economically productive activity for 183 days or six months or more during the reference period was termed as a Main worker and the person who participated for less than 183 days or six months during the reference period was termed as Marginal Worker.

For the first time in Census 2011, the marginal workers, i.e. workers who worked for less than six months in the reference year, have been sub-divided in two categories, namely, those working for less than 3 months and those who worked for 3 months or more but less than six months.

Worker Population Ratio: The WPR signifies the proportion of workers/employed persons in the total population for the specific age group. All the labour force related parameters are derived for the persons aged 15 years and above.

Table 3.2: Worker Population Ratio based on UPS and UPSS approach for persons aged 15 years & above All India (in %) taken from report of Labour Bureau, Chandigarh

Rural Urban Rural + Urban
UPS 74.1 24.6 50.0 50.4 66.8 14.3 36.9 41.4 72.1 21.7 45.9 47.8
UPSS 75.7 30.2 51.9 53.9 67.1 14.8 36.9 41.8 73.3 25.8 47.2 50.5
(report on fifth annual employment & unemployment survey 2015-16)

As per census 2011 work participation rate(WPR) of India is 39.8%. [Rural-41.8 and Urban-35.3%] it has slightly increased from that of 2001. There is another WPR that is known as worker population ratio.

Highest WPR in country was in Himachal Pradesh with 51.9%. Second highest WPR was in Sikkim at    and third highest of Daman & Diu at 49.9%.

Among the rural areas of India highest WPR was of Nagaland at 54%, with 53.3%  there is tie for second highest WPR between Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

Similarly looking at Urban India we find highest WPR urban was in Daman & Diu with 53.6%, Dadra Nagar Haveli(urban) with 45.5% was second highest in India. Sikkim(urban) with 41.9% was third highest in India.

Work Participation Rate is higher in Rural areas than urban areas? Does it not sound strange to ears of urbanites? Since it goes against the common perception of urbanite that “work” is more in urban areas thus quite often people tend to migrate to urban centres. If you don’t agree then ask any person of urban areas. Often we will find that very few are really aware of the problems in Rural areas.

Census considers certain categories of workers as per their definitions and based on that data is collected through door to door survey and based on response.

Gender wise data show that work participation of Males is 53.3% [Rural- 53% and Urban – 53.8%] this indicates that within the male category there is not much difference between the working of males among rural and urban areas. It is approx at 53%.

Work Participation Rate of Female is 25.5% at all India level. [Rural – 30% and Urban- 15.4%]. Here lies the difference. First is the huge difference between genders, ie. WPR of Male is 53.3 and that of female is 25%. Another difference was found within the gender of Female i.e. gap in rural and urban females. That is rural female WPR is 30 but urban female WPR is 15.4%. Urban has less WPR than Rural areas? Is it not opposite than common perception of urban persons.

Either unemployment among urban female population is more than rural or the perception that female do not work is a hindrance in urban areas? Or lack of opportunity of employment in urban areas?

This data indicates that women in rural areas work more in comparison to urban female.

Among the male worker category WPR males was highest in Daman & Diu with 71.5%. Second highest WPR male in country was in Dadar Nagar Haveli at 61.6%. Third highest was in Sikkim with 60.2%. Fourth highest WPR male was in A & N Islands at 59.6%

Among rural India Chandigarh stood highest with 62.2% WPR male. Second highest WPR male was in Sikkim with 61%. Third highest was in Tamil Nadu at 60%. Next comes Karnataka with 59.8% as fourth highest WPR male and A & N Islands with 59.1% was fifth highest.

Among the Urban areas WPR males was highest in Daman Diu with 75.1%. Second highest was Dadra Nagar Haveli with 66.5% WPR male. Third highest was A & N Islands with 60.4% followed by Tamil Nadu with 58.5% at fourth highest WPR male urban. 5th highest was in Karnataka at 57.8% WPR male urban.

Female work participation Rate:

WPR female at all India level was 25.5% [rural – 30% and Urban-15.4%]

Highest WPR female was in Himachal Pradesh at 44.8% followed by Nagaland as second highest with 44.7%. Chatissgarh was at third highest WPR female with 39.7% WPR female. Sikkim had fourth highest WPR female as 39.6%.

Among rural India Nagaland had highest WPR female as 52.3%. Second highest WPR female was in Himachal Pradesh at 47.4%. Chatissgarh was at third highest WPR female at 46.3% and with 44.6 there was tie between Andhra Pradesh and Sikkim at fourth highest place.

Among the Urban areas highest WPR female was in Manipur at 33.2%, second highest was Mizoram with 31.1%. Third highest was Nagaland with 25.8% followed by Sikkim with 24.8% as fourth highest.

5th highest was Meghalaya with 23.6% WPR female urban, followed next by Tamil Nadu with 21.8% at Sixth highest.

Cultivators is a category of workers on which data is collected in population census of India. In 2011 highest percentage of cultivators to total workers was in Himachal Pradesh at 57.9%. Second Highest percent was in Nagaland at 55.2% followed by Arunachal Pradesh with 51.5%. Fourth highest % of cultivators was in Mizoram with 47.2, Rajasthan with 45.6% at 5th highest, Meghalaya with 41.7% as the 6th highest. Uttarakhand with 40.8 was 7th highest in country followed by Manipur at 8th place with 39.5% cultivators to total workers.

Now this is strange that when we talk about Agriculture immediately we imagine UP, AP, Punjab, Haryana etc as the states where we agriculture is prevalent. Therefore could we say that percentage of cultivators also should be greater or large. Now looking at census data we find that out of total worker population as described in above para proportion of cultivators is more among the North Eastern States of India. Most of them had highest proportion of cultivators.

Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal and Bihar which we perceive as Agriculturist states had less than 20% of cultivator proportion of total workers.

Now the data of Rural areas tells what?

cultivators 2011
Cultivators & percentage to total workers, Primary census Abstract, Census of India 2011


Among Rural areas with 76.2% Mizoram had highest cultivator percentage to total workers. With 68% Nagaland had second highest cultivator%. Arunachal Pradesh had 63.4% that was third highest. With 62.3% Himachal Pradesh was fourth highest.

Among the rural areas we find that not many states had even 50% percentage of cultivators to total worker population. Rajasthan-54.8%, UttaraKhand-54%, Manipur and Meghalaya had 50% cultivator proportion to total workers. Rest states had less than 40%.  This data shows the percentage of cultivators to total workers.

In all most all the states we find that percentage of cultivators among workers has diminished. In few states it is alarmingly high.

In J&K percentage of cultivator to total workers is 28.8% in 2011 where as it was 42.4% in 2001 census.


last column shows the decline in the cultivators since 2001 census. The common perception of states those producing rice or any food grains was that they may be having large number of cultivators. But looking at above table we can see how it is different. Present India (census 2011) is not of rural India, even though approximately 60% population is in rural areas. Urbanization is increasing at high pace. Here only concern is of cultivation or agriculture?

Percentage of Male cultivators to total workers is 24.9. [Rural- 35.2 & Urban-2.7]. Percentage of Female cultivators to total workers is 24 [Rural-28.8 & Urban-3.1]. Both these percentage have decreased from that of 2001. Male cultivators percentage to total workers in 2001 was 31 [Rural-42 & Urban-2.5] and female cultivators percentage was 32.9 [Rural-37.1 & urban-4.1].

cultivators male

cultivators females

Following map shows the difference in percentage of cultivators during last three census. During last three decades there is horrible difference, and it has to a stage requiring urgent and immediate attention. It requires a vision plan to tackle it and save Agriculture and Agricultural Land. Provided we as society have to cope with scarcity of food (food shortage) Can I add that the price rise of vegetables and other edible commodities is also a cause of concern.

map cultivators

The belt which we have known as “Plain” Ganga Jamuna plain, doab दोआब, and has been most fertile land, has been providing food (foodgrains) since centuries is now at danger. This green land is now turning into yellow, I mean in the map.

Here I am talking about percentage of cultivators that has been decreasing in consecutive censuses. Who else other than cultivator will provide food to increasing population?

In Uttar Pradesh cultivator percentage to total workers has decreased to 35.6 in 2011 from 48.7 of 2001. In rural UP Male cultivators was 39.2% in 2011 but it was 52.2% in 2001 and Female cultivators in rural UP was 25.5% in 2011 that was 38.9% in 2001.

I assume when we say the food producers then we imagine cultivators and not Agricultural Labourers. Thus Who is cultivator as per census concept is?

map AL
Agricultural Labourers in India, as per census 2011


I don’t think that only Agriculture Labourers will provide food in  future problem of food scarcity or diminishing Agricultural land. But if Agricultural labourers are decreasing then it can be inferred that either mechanization of Agriculture has increased or Agriculture work has reduced ( I read it as diminishing agriculture).

In India as per 2011 census percentage of Agriculrural Labourers to toal workers was 30 [rural- 39.3 & urban- 5.5] while that of 2001 was 26.5% [rural- 33 & urban- 4.7].

Strange!!! Agriculture Labourers has increased over the decade. That means still mechanism has not impacted labour element in agriculture.

In 2011 Male AL were 24.9% [rural- 34.4 & urban- 4.6] whereas in 2001 male Al were 20.8 [rural-27.5 & urban- 3.4]

Female AL percentage was 41.1 in 2011 [rural -48.5 & urban -9.0] and in 2001 it was 38.9% [rural- 43.0 & urban – 10.7]

Highest percentage of AL in country was in Bihar at 52.8% [rural – 56.9 & urban 15.3] in 2001 it was 48% [rural- 51 & urban 12.2].

Second highest Agricultural Labourers(AL) were AndhraPradesh at 43% [rural- 55 & urban- 8.3] in 2001 it was 39.6% [rural- 47.6 & urban 6.7]

Third highest percentage of AL was in Chattisgarh at 41.8% [rural- 48.6 & urban -9.3] whereas in 2001 it was 31.9% [rural-36.1 & urban-5.3].

Female highest AL were in Bihar with 60.8% [rural 63.4 & urban – 20.1] in 2001 it was 62.6 [rural-64 & urban-26.4]. Second highest female agricultural labourers were in Andhra Pradesh with 58% [rural- 67.3 & urban-14.6]

Following is another statistics about our Agriculture taken from a report titled “State of Indian Agriculture 2015-16″.  I have taken data of few years so as to compare.

year              (Thousands hectares) 1970-71 1990-91 2000-01 2013-14
Permanent pastures & grazing land 13261 11406 10662 10258
Culturable waste land 17500 15000 13631 12388
Not available for cultivation 44606 40728 41235 43860
Other uncultivated land excluding fallow land 35128 30219 27737 25832
Net area sown 140863 142870 141336 141428
Cultivated land 151461 156710 156113 155581
Agricultural /cultivable land 182056 185187 183455 181850
Crop intensity 117.7 130 131.1 142.0
Net irrigated 31103 48024 55205 68100
Area under crops        
Tur (Arahar dal) 2347 3610 3665 3527
Total pulses 22534 24883 21325 23779
Total food grains 124910 127948 122680 125136
Sugarcane 2589 3908 4662 5526
Mustard & rape seed 1415 5143 4174 6055
Total oil seed 14719 25152 24625 30111

As this data suggests there is something called as permanent pastures or grazing lands under the categories of Land Use Statistics. from above table it shows that our pasture land that were used as grazing lands have decreased over the decades. people from Animal Husbandry or Agriculture departments know there has been a scheme under which govt supports such grazing lands either providing fodder seeds or fencing materials or subsidy etc through Panchayats or via departmental channels.

Land under irrigation has increased over the years along with Crop intensity. Area under crops has increased for pulses but low than that of 1990. land under Arahar dal has decreased. does it means framers don’t want to grow Arahar dal? Cant say unless we compare with the actual production data.  Similarly land area under crop sugarcane and mustard including grape seeds has also increased



Cultivator: For the purpose of the census a person is classified as cultivator if he or she is engaged in cultivation on land owned or held from government or held from private persons or institutions for payment in money, kind or share. Cultivation includes effective supervision or direction in cultivation.