The #Diva- one & only #SitaraDevi ji #nrityasamragyi; #Queen of #kathak

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The moment you see Sitara Devi ji here in every frame the bright spirit comes alive.

Not only for women’s day but for my respect and remembrance I thought to “google” some images of our great Artist. From thousands of images I could select few and copied and pasted here. sitara3

I wish i can write a small booklet on her. Each frame tells a story. That story I will imagine and try to write  in my way. But for now, on women’s day, she is the true symbol to pay respect towards her (an untiring spirit of a woman).

I had seen her programs on Doordarshan all black and white broadcast from Lucknow Doordarshan Kendra during 1980s. I wish all are available in doordarshan archives? Similar programs of GopiKrishna were also telecasted.

I am not the only one who is in awe of her. The famous Dance critic writer Sunil Kothari said about her “Sitara was exceptionally talented. Full of energy and infectious spirit, her dance cast a spell on audiences, not for the nazakat (delicacy) and khubsoorti (beauty) the Lucknow gharana was known for, but for her electrifying Kathak. Sitara’s endearing way of speaking to the audience, be it in Motihari village in Bihar, or Carnegie Hall in New York, won her the affection of connoisseurs and lay people. She was a law unto herself.?       These words sum up about her in little.

The moment Sitara Devi ji used to come on stage, whole of stage seemed to be electrified.

Although SitaraDevi ji hailed from a Brahmin family, where it was a social stigma on dancing by girls of such families. But due to encouragement from her Father and guru Pt Sukhdev Maharaj, she got opportunity to learn Kathak Dance from her elder sisters Tara ji, who was mother of Natraj GopiKrishna ji. Another elder sister was Alakhnanda ji who was also a famous kathak performer of her time. I think she died nearly in 1984 ??? i dont remember exact year. But when I went to BHU to appear in an examination there i had read in a news paper that Alakhnanda ji was seriously ill and ailing in a hospital. Since I had gone to BHU to appear in an examination and i could imagine how my parents and relatives could have reacted had I requested them to take me to that hospital just to see Alakhnanda ji?? that is situation in our society. Then imagine what hardship these ladies, these legendary stars, had to face during their childhood in 1920s or 1930s?

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Eldest sister of SitaraDevi ji Smt Alaknanda Devi ji
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Sitara Devi ji was a permanent star attendance at most famous Holi Dhamal of RK Studio,.

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Has anyone thought that a  LP record of a classical dancer will be brought out in those times? HMV might have thought of her popularity among people of India for her singing and dancing capabilities.

Sitara Ji always loved the brighter side of life, i think that shows her positive attitude towards life. the zeal to live life to its fullest.sit1  sit6

sit10Dilip saheb considered as her sister? She was married to the husband of his sister, thus by our indian traditions She was his sister? we had great traditions in India. Till recently Sitara ji visited Dilip Kumar saheb ji on Rakhsabandhan, to tie Rakhi.

Sitara ji married at her own terms. Sitara Devi was married to Nazir Ahmed Khan then to K. Asif and then to Pratap Barot. K Asif was brother of wife of Nazir Ahmed Khan.

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In this age Dr Sitara Devi ji came up on stage and people sought her blessings, at Sur Singar Sansad. Here daughter of Sitara Devi Ji Smt JayantiMala presented her dance. After Sitara Devi ji and Gopi Krishna ji there is no one who can bear the Torch of Banaras Gharana of Kathak. I mean that charm and majesty which these star dancers carried will be missed.

queen of kathak   pic old   sitara 13

Each and every frame depicts her as lively persona

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in filmssitara15sitara10

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     sitara-naushad-suraiyatwo pics

few of videos are in other blog 

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This particular image is enough to describe her untiring spirit and ever ready to dance. She was on wheel chair and still performed on stage at a function organised in memory of women empowerment !!! is it not a symbol of untiring spirit.

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https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/uEgMMffzZns

http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/sitara-devi-obituary/article6639595.ece

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitara_Devi

CHILD ABUSE at home : Child sexual abuse, what can we call it?

While sleeping i felt something unusual, But deep in sleep i could not figure it out. I felt a human body beside me. Thus clinging to that warm body I slept again. Now i know how dangerous is to fall asleep.

After applying his liquid kisses on me, he took me into tight embrace. I also put my arms around him. He was so pleased by this that again he gave me liquid kisses. He uses his tongue to lick my cheeks. Putting his lips on my cheeks, sucked my cheeks tightly. He then as if assuring me tried to caress all over my head, my body and planted kiss on my forehead.

After that whenever i felt something i would move. He immediately took me into his grip of arms. Presented kisses as if, saying don’t worry, everything is ok. For assurance i had bounty of his liquid kisses on me. He many times would say “good child”.

I had picked up habit of imitating him. Whatever he did i did try to do same. He used to kiss on my forehead, cheeks, neck, eyes. i also tried to cling to him and try to kiss him on his chest and his cheeks. When he moved his body towards me then i kissed him. I also imitated him by placing my arms around him. All this happened in dark nights on bed.

he used to kiss me all over. His chest was over my mouth suddenly his nipples were touching  my mouth, at that moment my lips were on his nipple. He liked it. he then moved close towards me and adjusted me so that my mouth be placed on his chest, So that my lips touch his nipples. As soon as his nipples came in contact of my lips, I tried to firm up my lips as if I tried to kiss. He liked it. Actually he was trying to adjust himself so that I can do it again and again on him. He gone mad at that time with lots of groaning moaning sounds. He madly kissed me again and again. He just ate my cheeks as if he will puncture my cheeks. My cheeks were full of his saliva. He rolled his warm tongue all over my cheeks. He sucked cheeks strongly. Whole of my cheeks he pulled by making vacuum inside his mouth. as if sucking all my cheek.

When i tried to suck his nipple he laughed. I heard him laugh in that darkness. My ears were full of thumping sounds of his heart. His chest was so close to my face. He was taller and huge well built guy.

After I slept i didn’t know what happened? when he came? when he untied his cloths?. But when he placed his leg on me then the touch of his skin indicated that he is without cloths. he placed his leg on me as if keeping me under his control.

When he placed his leg on me, my hand touched his thighs. he lifted his leg and adjusted himself so that my hand touch him where both of his leg meet. He pressed his arms around me tightly, he pushed me down and funny thing was that he presented many kisses.

Again while sleeping in his arms encircling me, suddenly some movements woke me up. my hand found that he had loosened his loin cloth and he was rubbing himself against my body. there it was, a very hard erect thing. He might have also known that i have woken-up so he again encircled me with his strong arms and pulled towards his chest and tried to assure with soft kisses and started licking me. he guided my hand and placed it around that pulpy tube like organ. he guided my palm to grip it and make movements. By All that he meant as to tell me what to do??

My palm touched that stiff, erect hard thing. what was it? A hard fleshy thing. He started moaning. suddenly he took me into his tight grip, i thought he will break my bones. But he did not forget to put liquid kisses. I was made to turn halfway, now i was completely in his grip. He started rubbing vigorously his belly against me. I think he knew that i loved his liquid kisses, thus whenever i tried to stop him, softening his grips he kissed me.

with tightened arms around me, he thrust his belly on me with more force. when i tried to move he would just soften his arms. when i again start sleeping he would again do something.  All few days all this touching thing went on.

That day also he stayed in my house. Strangely i was sleeping, something happened, since by now i had become habitual of this body touching and tight grips. thus thinking that something happening as usual, carelessly i just put my arms also around him and slept.

I felt some pressure, he kissed me. He was partly naked. i felt his bare chest at my back.

when he applied force that time i might have woken up, he then forcefully took me into arms and was thrusting his belly into my back.  He had trapped me in his arms so i could not move freely, he caressed all over my body. he surveyed my back. When he forcefully pressed his belly into my back i was shocked. there he had applied his saliva, at that moment when he thrust his organ into me and When his raw flesh (devil) touched on that spot i was blown into pieces. He thrust his fly. his organ was trying to pierce into me. He was halfway through. At that moment With full force I moved a little and came out of bed. That night changed me for forever.

This incident brought some of the previous memories to fore, which i had forgotten.

These happened when i was i think 6 or 7 years old.

one dark night I woke-up due to some unknown sensation in my lower part, I found one of my cousin lying beside me. He was much elder to me. he was doing some movements holding me.  he guided my arm to hold in grip a slippery tube like bulbous structure. Holding my hand he made to do some to and fro movements with speed. After some time some strong smashing jerks felt by my hand. I could not see anything since it was a darkest night, i have ever known.

then he lifted and took me somewhere to another place. When he placed me on a bed i found there was another naked body.  i felt his skin.  It was a big body and well built. He took me into his arms, gently. Despite of a tough body he was gentle enough to kiss me several times. This was amazing and strange kiss i ever had. i never had such type of kiss ever before.

He adjusted me beside him on his bed. My cousin who brought me on that bed went back. This naked BIG body kept his arms around me as if i am a petite little chicken who has to be treated softly. he made me to cling to his body with his strong big arms. Immediately He made my left palm to hold something. It was much more magnificent than my cousin’s organ, hard, bulbous, smooth silky, wet, and erect with warmth. It also had some jerky motion within it. Only missing thing was that i could not see it. There was complete darkness of night. nothing was visible. He was holding me in arms while offering kisses. Body was wet with sweat. But that thing was much more longer than my palm. While i was guessing what this long thing is? He squeezed me, climbed on me, I felt crushed under his huge body and he was doing all his jumping motion on me, i wanted to run out. he held me strongly under his body. He was strong built… I tried to run out of the cot.   to that he said what happened my child? where are you going?

he was a tenant in my grandmother’s house. That night my grandmother was not at home. she had gone to attend a pooja at neighbour’s house which usually they do in the NAVRATRI days. Devi Jagran.

Then whenever i felt something unusual thing while sleeping i found my cousin doing something at my front. While taking nap in summer afternoons, he used to come on bed and lay beside me. I was staying alone with grandmother during summer holidays. In afternoons time, Everybody would sleep. He wore just a cloth around his waist. so he was completely naked. encircling my body with his hand around me. he would make my hand to take his organ in grip and to do some movement over it.

Was this not child molestation?  where i could have complained? these persons were known to me, trusted persons.

That person who recently did this to me was much Elder to me.

He used to stay in our house whenever he used to go city for his job. He always got chance to stay at our house. By touching and praising he made my body accustomed to his TOUCH. then slowly he had graduated on to sneaking into my bed at Nights. Then he made me feel his kisses, liquid and warm kisses, gradually he introduced me to his bare body, his strong arms, He used to encircle me in his tight grip of arms.

Even after so many years of my life those acts and touch and that piercing act,  all that just dont leave me, they come all over again to me. What I can do?

Sculpt’About: Lorenzo Quinn

mymindabout

lorenzo_quinn__madre_naturaleza_escultura

For Quinn, sculpture is primarily an art of communication, a medium through which he aims to help people evolve further in tolerance, understanding and harmony. ‘I make art for myself and for people who wish to come along for a ride through my dreams’, he says. ‘How we live our own lives is of the utmost importance, and most of my work has to do with values and emotions.’

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Suniti Chaudhary unsung hero of freedom struggle

चौदह साल की उम्र में अंग्रेज कलेक्टर की हत्या की थी सुनीति_चौधरी ने!

बात 14 दिसंबर 1931 की थी. फैजुन्निसा बालिका विद्यालय की उन दोनों लड़कियों ने जिला मजिस्ट्रेट से मिलने का समय लिया था. सुनीति चौधरी और शांति घोष की उम्र उस समय मात्र 14-15 साल रही होगी. जिला मजिस्ट्रेट ने जब उनसे आने का कारण पूछा तो शांति ने उनके हाथ में एक प्रार्थनापत्र पकड़ा दिया जिसमें लड़कियों के लिए एक स्विमिंग पूल बनाने आ अनुरोध किया गया था. वह अंग्रेज अफसर जो पूर्वी बंगाल के कोमिला का कलेक्टर था. उसने कहा,“ठहरो, इस पर तुम्हारे प्रिंसिपल को ही एक्शन लेना होगा. अभी उनके लिए संस्तुति लिख कर देता हूँ.”

अंग्रेज कलेक्टर भीतर गया. जब लौटा तो उसके पास संस्तुति पत्र था. पर तब तक चौदह वर्ष की दुबली-पतली लड़की सुनीति ने रिवाल्वर निकाल कर जिला मजिस्ट्रेट चार्ल्स जॉफ़्रे बकलैंड स्टीवेंस पर दनादन गोलियाँ चला दीं. उसकी मौके पर ही मौत हो गई. यह घटना शहीद भगत सिंह को फांसी की सजा सुनाए जाने के विरोधस्वरूप सरकार का ध्यान आकर्षित करने के लिए की गई थी. संसार भर में इस खबर को प्रमुखता से प्रकाशित किया गया. यह भारत के इतिहास में किन्हीं महिला क्रांतिकारियों द्वारा एक बड़े ब्रिटिश अधिकारी की हत्या की पहली घटना जो थी.

22 मई,1917 को टिप्पेरा के कोमिला सब-डिविजन में एक मध्यम वर्गीय बंगाली परिवार में उमाचरण चौधरी के घर जन्मी सुनीति चौधरी वर्ष 1930 में ‘सविनय अवज्ञा आंदोलन’ के उत्कर्ष को बहुत विस्मय से देखा करती थी. इस दौरान देश भर में लगातार धरना-प्रदर्शन हो रहे थे. जगह-जगह पर आंदोलनकारियों के रोज़ प्रदर्शन हुआ करते थे. लेकिन उसी अनुपात में पुलिस का दमन चक्र भी बढ़ता जा रहा था. उन अमानवीय अत्याचारों को देख कर सुनीति के कोमल मन में विद्रोह की भावना बलवती हो चली थी. वह इन ब्रिटिश आततायियों से बदला लेने की भावना से सराबोर हो गई थी. लोग जब इन लड़कियों को पकड़ने जमा हुए, तब शांति और सुनीति ने किसी भी तरह का विरोध नहीं किया. वे भीड़ की मार सहती गईं. वे हर तरह की यातना सहने के लिए तैयार हो कर आई थीं. उनके दर्द सहने की क्षमता को परखने के लिए उनकी उंगलियों में पिन चुभोए गए, पर ये टूटी नहीं. सुनीति ने अपने गुप्त संगठन के बारे में एक भी शब्द नहीं बोला. उसके चेहरे पर उस समय भी शिकन नहीं आई, जब हथियारों की खोज के बहाने उससे शारीरिक छेड़छाड़ की गई.सुनीति और उसकी सहयोगी को आजीवन कारावास की सज़ा सुनायी गई थी, जिसका मतलब था कि इन्हें शहीद होने से रोक लिया गया था. रास्ते में इन्हें चिल्लाते सुना गया –“फांसी मिलनी चाहिए थी! फांसी इससे कई गुना बेहतर होती!”

लोग इन्हें देख कर अचंभित होते. अधिकारियों ने इन दोनों को तोड़ने की कोशिश नहीं छोड़ी. शांति को जेल में दूसरी श्रेणी के अन्य क्रांतिकारियों के साथ रखा गया, जबकि सुनीति को तीसरी श्रेणी में भेज दिया गया, जहाँ चोर और जेबकतरों को रखा जाता था. यहाँ खराब खाना और गंदे कपड़े उन्हें मिलते थे. मानवाधिकारों का हनन होने के बाद भी सुनीति स्थिर और शांत रहीं. वह पुलिस द्वारा अपने माता-पिता पर हो रहे अत्याचारों और अपने बड़े भाई की गिरफ्तारी की खबर को सुन कर भी रोज़मर्रा के काम में व्यस्त रहती. अपने छोटे भाई का कलकत्ता की गलियों में फेरीवाला बनने और अंत में भूख और बीमारी के कारण मर जाने की खबर भी सुनीति को तोड़ नहीं पाई.  उनकी बेटी भारती सेन ने बताया कि, “तब द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के कारण देश भर में तमाम कैदियों को रिहा कर दिया गया था. यह सुविधा केवल माँ को ही नहीं मिली थी, अधिकाँश बंदियों को छोड़ दिया गया था. जेल से बाहर आकर माँ की जिंदगी और भी कठिन हो गई थी. उनके दो भाइयों को भी गिरफ्तार कर जेल में डाल दिया गया था. मेरे दादाजी की सरकारी कर्मचारी होने के नाते मिलने वाली पेंशन को भी रोक दिया गया था. घर में कमाने का कोई स्रोत नहीं बचा था. माँ के छोटे भाई की क्षय रोग से मृत्यु हो गई. कोलकाता में माँ के पास रुकने की कोई जगह भी नहीं बची थी, परंतु उन्हें अब पढ़ाई करने और डॉक्टर बनने का जुनून सवार हुआ. कल्याणी दास जो विख्यात क्रांतिकारी बीना दास की बड़ी बहन की थी, तिलजाला में निर्धन और असहाय लोगों के लिए एक डेस्टिट्यूट होम चलाती थी. तब माँ उनके साथ जाकर रुकी. वहीं रहकर उन्होंने अपनी दसवीं कक्षा की परीक्षा पास की. जब वह जेल गई थी तब वह नवीं क्लास में थी. वह हाई स्कूल की परीक्षा में प्रथम श्रेणी में पास हुई, फिर उन्होंने मेडिकल कॉलेज की परीक्षा पास की. उन्हें तिलजाला से आशुतोष मेडिकल कॉलेज में क्लास अटेंड करने के लिए पैदल जाना पड़ता था. उन्हें कोई सलाह देने वाला भी नहीं था. विज्ञान की पढ़ाई उन्होंने कैसे पूरी कि यह जानना अद्भुत था. मेरे पिता प्रद्योत कुमार घोष ने तब माँ की बहुत सहायता की. उनका घर बहुत बड़ा था. उन्होंने उनकी हर संभव मदद की. मेरी एक आंटी जो उस समय ग्रेजुएट थी वह माँ को अंग्रेजी पढ़ाई करती थी और पिता उन्हें विज्ञान और गणित पढ़ाते थे. पर समस्या सिर्फ इतनी ही नहीं थी. माँ के पास फीस भरने के लिए भी पैसे नहीं होते थे इसलिए कई बार उनका नाम कॉलेज से कट जाया करता. उनकी अटेंडेंस भी कम होने लगी…  ”पर सुनीति डॉक्टर बन गई. दयालु और समर्पण भरा स्वभाव उनके डॉक्टरी के पेशे से मेल खाता था. जल्द ही वह चंदननगर की एक प्रतिष्ठित डॉक्टर बन गईं. लोग उन्हे प्यार से ‘लेडी माँ’ बुलाने लगे. चंदननगर तब एक फ्रेंच कॉलोनी हुआ करता था. वह वहाँ कई वर्ष तक सेवारत रही.सन 1952 के आम चुनावों में डॉ. सुनीति घोष को कांग्रेस और कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी, दोनों की तरफ से चुनाव लड़ने की पेशकश की गई. सक्रिय राजनीति में दिलचस्पी नहीं होने के कारण सुनीति ने इस प्रस्ताव को ठुकरा दिया.सुनीति को बच्चों और प्रकृति से प्रेम था. उसने अपने बच्चों को बागवानी, तैराकी और प्रकृति विज्ञान की शिक्षा दी. 12 जनवरी, सन 1988 को इस क्रांतिकारी महिला ने प्राण त्याग दिए.आज उनका जन्मदिन है. पर देश की आजादी की अलख जगाने में उनके योगदान की कहीं कोई चर्चा नहीं है. अफ़सोस.

This is copied from FB page of Raj Gopal Singh Verma

#Museum #InternationalMuseumDay

#WorldMuseumDay #MuseumWeek

Swayamkatha

Bronze siva.pngMuseums have now become multi-utility spaces? Museums now hold Talks-Debates, Movies, Documentary screening, Study tours, Walk through History, Research, Cataloging, Publications, Archaeological important material, Anthropological research, Exhibitions, much more. I think list is still not complete?  So vast is the scope of museums now a days in world? As National Museum started a course for students, i am sure other museums must be doing same.

Earlier when museums were thought it was just as an art gallery for exhibiting, preserving few historical things, mostly excavated or collected paintings, sculptures etc.

Only few people used to visit such places, exhibiting Egyptian mummy, animal specimens.

I had visited few: Lucknow Zoo, there was a small structure housing few Egyptian mummy and few of old vintage portraits. Then i saw Salar Jung Museum on my visit to Hyderabad in 1977 when my father took us on LTC. It is one of the largest

View original post 1,426 more words

NPR #census #survey #data

Population census in India has been continuous process since century(1881?) and most precious data collection exercise in the world.

Though started in British India in present form, but data collection is an exercise without which no administration can function. Even in mughal period too various kinds of survey were done. My grand mother often used to tell a word मरदन शुमारी. In hindostani language it was word for census.

In 2011-12 NPR was conducted and icards were issued to me. In those times there were threats of terrorist attacks, infiltration. Thus a census of usual residents was planned in country, but border states were thought to be covered first. So my area was a border area thus I got NPR card. This was the exercise to know about any infiltration?

Data on migration is a continuous subject of interest in population census for data researchers and policy makers planners etc.

In this data series we can get to know how many people reside in other district than their place of birth. How many reside in state other than their birth state and even country of birth. Data also gives insight into time/period of residence at present place. How long they residing at present place shortest months or less than 1 years other than 5 years, less than 5 or more than 5?

Mother tongue, amenities in houses such as bathroom, kitchen, laterine, drain, fuel for cooking-whether using lpg, wood or kerosene oil or electricity, availability of drinking water within premises or distance, assets in households such as TV mobile landline phone, internet, vehicle-2 or 4 wheeler etc, household members, head of household(if woman or male we get to know), even social group i.e. ST or SC etc details,

Interesting information I get is how many married couple live in households, whether they have an exclusive room in house, or number of rooms in a house?

Specific data was collected on place of birth, name of district state or country was to be mentioned. Then was place of last residence, if person comes from other stay or place then name of that place was collected. Reason of migration and duration of stay in present place after migration was also collected.

Number of children surviving, Number of children ever born and number of children born during last year was also collected. Together this data on age at the time of marriage was also collected.

There was a survey/census on Socio Economic Caste Census too i.e. SECC. A door to Door survey was conducted to know social Economic Condition of every household. Many aspects of economic conditions together with Caste or community was also collected.

Economic Survey is conducted every five years or so, different than population census

Agriculture Census is a continuing programme of census/survey, it also includes Input Survey-that collects many important data on Land Use, cultivable land, cropping pattern, inputs used in Agriculture or Farm implements, few of data on financial aspects of farming.

Land reforms are in place, earlier we heard of Bhumilekha or an initiative where all land records are digitized. Anyone can check, download their land records.

There are various systems of registrations, not but for many things, establishing a commercial establishment, either a factory or a small industries now comes under MSME?

Registrar of factories, Labour commissioners

Registrar of companies, societies?

Registrar of cooperative societies

for MSME- District Industries centres(DIC)

Employment Exchange-few are university employment bureau

now there is new one FSSAI, all food vendors are supposed to register

In population census a preliminary exercise is conducted to collect data on homes, often called as house-listing. Enumerators are given job to collect data on population, but if they don’t have house-listing of their designated area how can they collect data? i mean without any prior information no one can go to field and collect data, it is like going to a jungle/forest & collect data of whoever is sighted?

Thus a detailed ward-wise, village-wise mapping is done before start of population counting. These maps are updated while collecting data by enumerators, indicating any new construction of houses, institutional buildings, parks, water bodies, forest area etc. All this is done so that when other set of people(enumerators) go to that area so they have ready-made guide of that area. It is quite possible that by the time enumerator reaches that area, few new buildings might have been constructed, then without any problem enumerators add that new building also and collect data.

Due to corona virus (covid19) pandemic lockdown is announced. Few people started pointing out problems of non availability of food to migrants labourer, poor families. no job to daily wage earners.

Thus i thought, if initiative of registration of capturing everything in data form must have been popular in our country, then lot of problems could have been solved. digitally.

Few Govts have announced financial benefits via DBT to poor or needy people. But if they don’t have any identity(bank accounts?), it’s difficult for any system to locate-identify such beneficiaries. Had there been any digital route/data/mapping in place, it would have been easy and effortless to transfer all benefits. Few years back JanDhan yojana was started with zero balance saving bank accounts. Crores of people got benefit. For last 70 years poor people could not in dream to see or enter gates of BANKS, whereas lakhs of wealthy people got benefit-loans etc from Many BANKS?

Few years back everyone used to blame migrant labourer for crimes taken place in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi etc? Had there been any system of registration of labourers, their movements & other details could have been captured in a centralised Database. Labour Department and Registrar of factories & commercial establishment Act etc can make registration of labourers or workers mandatory. Each State can do it. Later it can be part of a centralized database. There is scheme of insurance of workers. But i was confused as there was also an option of registration of workers union? and with that registration of workers who are its members?

I mean if all labourers/workers are registered anywhere in India they could have got benefits declared by various govts, most importantly through DBT without any manual interface, thus it could reduce corruption and increase transparency. Unorganised sector, as name suggests is without any organised way to study, locate or report about it. Various schemes are launched for benefits of workers, but if workers are not registered then no benefit can reach the identified targets. Since DBT has ensured 0 corruption, still if there is no database then no cash transfer can take place.

Family Ration Cards have gone under massive makeover. Instead of paper ration cards now Smart Ration cards based on Aadhaar authentication have been Incorporated. Though it had many problems too. Many cases were reported in news channels where, if head of family is not present then it became difficult for family to take ration from FPS shops. Now in many cases any of family member can lift ration from shop after authenticating their finger prints. Digital India has grown in leaps and bounds together with UIDAI. As time passes utilization and potential-opportunity of use of Aadhaar is increasing many folds. For that digitization has to be upto the mark to handle huge data or Database.

In few states database was used to help migrant labourers. Problem arises when only men migrate to other states leaving behind families. Thus someone from family has to go to ration shop and authenticate. Man as a migrant has to fend for himself on daily basis if he is a daily wager. As I got my smart ration card that looks like a debit card and works on password.

During lockdown many labourers were shown on TV returning from punjab. Few said they worked in Agriculture fields now returning to their villages to mend their agriculture fields. That means harvesting seasons are different in punjab and Bihar? funny idea?

All ration cards if available online then there should be no problem to develop a centralised database, much like core banking. In Banks too, i heard similar concept was introduced as one can operate bank accounts from anywhere across India, as all banks have their core database accessible.

Govt announced that some cash will be transferred to bank accounts of migrant labourers, workers, women holding JanDhan accounts? other migrant labourers, Few TV Channels shown Women standing in queues in front of Banks to withdraw money supposedly transferred to their bank accounts by Govt. TV channels were trying to show violation of social distancing.

Lockdown has brought to fore opportunity the digital India can offer. All activities thought of to be done online. Medicine, Tele-Medicine, grocery, Food, other essential items were thought to be made available at the door step of households.

Few people from Art field or performing Arts cried that their livelihood issues are ignored? Online social media came to their rescue. Few said some financial benefits shall be provided to Folk artists who depend on various performing Arts, Handicrafts, paintings, etc list is long. But do we have list or database of all our artists, be in any field?

Urban centres can do it, but what about artists in rural areas. Many are part time artists and part time labourers or cultivators or agriculture labourers? If we dont have their list or any kind of authenticated identity somewhere in online format, that’s called database containing all details, no financial benefit can be transferred. Thus Lockdown has opened immense sea of opportunity to make, develop, create and innovate databases or various kinds, possibilities are endless. District Administration, local self Governments, Local bodies have to take this opportunity and try to develop databases on their areas, containing various information about beneficiaries. If they have any schemes that are targeted to provide benefit to beneficiaries?

Census or survey are tools to provide immense information, that can benefit planners, policy makers, decision makers, even social media activists. yes that’s new kind of workers and growing each day. watch any debate on TV channels. They are full of experts, as if they are the great noble laureates. Few anchors are projecting as if they know everything on earth? I found few of them didn’t know anything before 2014, or sometimes i felt they came new to India? since they didnt see problems in India before 2014? Few journalists do monologue on their TV whole day?

Media too need a database, time is that everyone here and there becoming journalist and expert analyst.

on TV heard that state govt are asking migrant workers to register their names in districts they are in, so that trains or bus can be arranged to bring back. This opportunity can be utilized to register all such data anywhere in database. If workers return to their home town, people from few departments of Registering authorities must be present at deporting points and collect data on these workers in concerning registers so as to update information in database. Later any survey can be done to authenticate data/information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

अनाथ orphan

पता नहीं मेरा मन उसकी ओर खिचा चला जाता है।

वह तो इस दुनिया मे आया भी नहीं था तबसे हम उस घर मे आते जाते थे। सिहं अंकल के यहाँ हम कानपुर से अकेले भी जा चुके हैं रेल से।

बडे़ भाई साहब कानपुर आ चुके हैं कई बार उन्हें कम्पनी की तरफ से भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान मे कम्प्यूटर ठीक करने के लिए भेजा जाता था। हमारे घर पर ही रुकते थे।

बहत वर्षो के बाद जब हम बारहवीं कर चुके तब सिंह जी के यहां जाना हुआ।

अंकल हमसे बातें करते थे। हमारे पिता जी के साथ सेना में काम कर चुके थे। मतलब दोनों भूतपूर्व सैनिक थे। पुराने किस्से कहानी सुनाते थे।

कालांतर में उनके पुत्र पुत्रियों के विवाह हुए पर फिर जब हम उनके यहाँ गए तो भाभीजी से सामना हुआ।

भाईसाहब की ग्रहस्थी चल रही थी तीन पुत्र पुत्रियाँ जन्मे। अब उनसे भी हमारा परिचय हूआ। अब हम चाचा के रुप मे जाने जाने लगे।

कुछ वर्षों के अंतराल मे खबर मिली कि भाभी का देहावसान हो गया। शिशु बालकबिन माँ का हो गया और अनाथ हो गया। हालांकि उसकी बहने दादा दादी चाचा चाची और पिता भी हैं जीवित। पर फिर भी एक माँ के न रहने से एक शिशु की दुनिया मे क्या बदलाव आते हैं यह केवल वह अनाथ ही जानता है।

उसके पिता यानि कि भाईसाहब भी अक्षम होगये किसी हृदय और मानसिक रोग से ग्रसित हो गये।

अब यह बालक अपनी बहनों और दादा दादी पर पूर्णतया निर्भर हो गया। पढाई लिखाई भी होने लगी पर हमे ऐसा लगता है कि अगर माँ होती है घर मे तो बच्चों के मन मे विश्वास ढाढस भरोसा सा बना रहता है और बच्चों के मन पर पढने की इच्छा मा् ही ज्यादा जागृत कर सकती है।

हम जब भी उनके यहाँ जाते थे तो कुछ न कुछ लेकर ही जाते थे। कभी फल तो कभी मैगी नूडल्स। एक दो बार तो देखा कि भाभी अपने भाई और भौजाई को भी फल आदि दे देतीं थी।

पर सुना कि जरूरत पड़ने पर उन्होंने ने भी इन बच्चों का साथ नहीं दिया।

हम तो हजारों किलोमीटर दूर रहते थे अतः तत्काल कोई सहयोग सहायता नहीं दे पाते थे। कैसे न कैसे बच्चे बडे़ हो गए। उनकी चाची भी आ गई ब्याह कर पर उनका चौका अलग था। अब जब हम वहाँ जाते थे तो असमंजस मे रहते थे।

हालांकि ऊपरी तौर पर कुछ ज्यादा असामान्य असाधारण नहीं दिखाई देता था क्योंकि अंकल जुझारू कर्मठ व्यक्तित्व के धनी थे। कर्मचारी संघ मे भी काफी कार्य अनुभव था। अतः अन्दाजा है कि उनका नेटवर्क भी रहा होगा। यह नया शब्द है। उनके जानपहचान वाले कर्मचारी रहे होंगे। उन्होंने अपना मकान बना लिया था शहर मे।

कई बार जाना हुआ उनके घर। उस बालक को देखते थे दुख होता था पर कुछ कह नहीं पाता थे हम। कभी हम उसे पढाने बैठ जाते थे कभी प्रश्न पूछने लग जाते थे। सोचते थे कि जितने सयय हम यहाँ हैं बालक को पढाई मे मदद करें।

कुछ वर्ष बाद फिर वहाँ जाना हुआ। शाम को उसे लेकर बाजार चले गए। अब वह बडा़ हो गया था शायद 10वीं या ग्यारहवीं मे था। कई बार उसे पढाने की चेष्टा की। बाजार मे उससे पूछा कुछ खाओगे? न नुकर करने के बाद कुछ खरीदा खाने के लिए। ज्यादातर बालक fast food snacks खाने की लालसा रखते हैं क्योंकि वे आसपास वही देखते सुनते हैं। मोहल्लों के दुकानदार भी वही सब रखते बेचते हैं जो मौहल्ले वाले खरीदते हैं। ओवन आजकल चलन में है गर्म snacks रखते हैं तुरंत खाने को मिल जाते हैं।

ताजे नहीं होते हैं ऐसे सब खाने की चीजें।

घर लौटने पर हम लोग चुप ही रहे। यानि कि हम दो राजदार हो गए? पर फिर मैने कुछ और खाने की चीजें खरीदी थी घर मे दूसरे बच्चों के लिए।

सोने के समय वह बालक हठ करने लगा अपने दादा से कि हमारे साथ ही कमरे मे सोएगा। जहाँ रोज सोता था आज वहाँ नहीं सोएगा। अब तीन बिछौने लगाए गए।

दुख तो बहुत हो रहा था कि अब हम कल चले जाएंगे तो इसके मन मे क्या चलेगा?

अंत: मन रो उठा। उसे पता नहीं अक्षम पिता से चाचा चाची से लगाव मिलता है या नहीं? दादा दादी तो भरसक हर उपक्रम करेंगे जो बच्चों के हित मे होगा पर एक माँ के न होने से भरे पूरे घर मे क्या इतना अकेलापन हो सकता है?

यह मानव मन की अबूझ पहेली है

हमे तो ऐसा लगा कि वह अनाथ सा ही महसूस कर रहा था।

अब अंकल के देहांत के बाद तो वह एकदम अकेला रह गया है

अक्सर सोच सोच कर मन रो उठता है क्या करें? उससे बात भी नहीं कर पाते हैं।

लगभग दो हजार किलोमीटर दूर रहकर भी मेरा मन उसके लिए दुखी है


devdasi- krishnadasi or a temple girl?

The word itself has become so popular in India that there is no need to explain it.

They are women of strength; brave, carriers of culture, rich tradition and all-embracing devotion to one divine force – Lord Krishna. colortv

Kick-starting the year, COLORS TV Channel presents an untold tale of Devadasi community shrouded in secrecy and mystique with its newest offering, a serial named- Krishndasidownload (24)

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The show will trace story of three generations of women belonging to the Devadasi lineage images (65)with Kumudini (Indira Krishnan) being at the helm of it. She holds pride in her legacy and strongly upholds the Devadasi tradition passing it on to her daughter Tulsi (Chhavi Mittal), who, to protect her daughter Aradhya (Sana Amin Sheikh) from this legacy hides the truth of her birth & profession. But in pursuit to find her real identity, Aradhya ends up uncovering the truth about her lineage and reopens pages of history that her mother worked hard to keep hidden. Produced by Optimystix Entertainment India Pvt. Ltd with Vaishnavae Media Works Ltd stepping in as Creative Producers, Krishndasi, an hour-long proposition, will go on-air starting 25th January 2016.

A show based on the ancient Devadasi system that was outlawed many years ago but is still rampant in some parts of the country.
Speaking about the content to be showcased on the show, Manisha Sharma, Programming Head – COLORS said, “Our programming mantra has focused on creative storytelling bringing stories that are buried in folklore to mainstream. While traditions might have changed, the way they impact women remains the same. Over the years, women have been depicted as mothers, caregivers, and relationship-drivers. This is passé, and with Krishndasi, we are delving deeper into the untold story of women of God with Aradhya’s life story. Krishndasi is a story of today’s time and era where Aradhya belongs and how she discovers her own identity as she moves ahead in life. Backed by a strong concept and riveting storyline making for a gripping hour-long watch, the show will be high on drama and intrigue factor built around the elements of love, mystery, struggle and self-discovery.”

Set against the backdrop of present-day Pune, Krishndasi will showcase the story of three generations whose heritage holds secrets that shape their contrasting personalities. Kumudini, the authoritative matriarch of the family is a devotee of Lord Krishna and takes immense pride in being a part of the age old Devadasi custom. On the other hand, Tulsi is a gentle and compassionate woman who is forced to embrace the Devadasi culture and follow her mother’s footsteps. Having experienced a gruesome life as a Devadasi, Tulsi protects her daughter from getting caught in the web of exploitation and humiliation. Though she is born into an over-protective environment, Aradhya grows up to become an independent girl with a modern outlook but struggles to find her identity and the truth about her father. Her struggles escalate her personal insecurities and relationships but her life takes a turn for the better when she meets Aryan (Shravan Reddy) and finds herself falling in love with him. But her ancestry strains their love story under the pressure of conflicts and traditional differences between their families.

this was taken from the channel site.

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After watching this show for some time, as it happens with any show we lost the connection in between. Earlier we used sit in front of TV to watch it but later as story progressed and (for me) not finding any interesting music or dance (since that was my interest) not much of authentic lavani or classical music either.

But Tv serial shown the struggle of a women, against all odds her determination to march forward. The matriarch, Kumudini makes all efforts to live her life on her own terms and did try to show mirror to society.

Even after winning the local body election her life does not become easy. As the patriarch society do not like to see a devadasi to live a happy life on her own terms.  Life takes turns and script writer brought the usual twist to the story.

The girl that is supposed to be daughter of a devadasi is actually daughter of the wealthy landlord and the son who lives with the land lord family is the actual son of devadasi. This is truth a bitter but that could not be digested by the man. Moreover the father of daughter of devadasi was a priest or a scholar pandit who is seen as most pious man in society. It is his daughter but since he is a pious and learned, respected man in society he can not own the girl child born to a devadasi and he is father.

Down south India the system of Devadasi was prevalent as it was known by this name. Yellemma is the goddess to whom poor girls are dedicated to get rid of bad omen. But all these girls become devadasi and become instrument of satisfying the lust of men, in return of some money. The poverty together with the illiteracy (ignorance) is the main reason behind this cult.

download

  •  The Daughter of Yellamma: Story of the Devadasi Rani bai from Belgaum, Karnataka who was dedicated by her parents at the age of 6. Of how one of the oldest professions of India has undergone changes and adaptations through centuries. And the story of Yellamma, the goddess who was rejected by all but gives strength to the Devadasi’s.

Similarly i had seen a film Giddh where great actor Smita Patil acted. it revolves around the lives of such villagers who offer girl child to the goddess. In one scene it was shown how a fat priest pounced upon a girl who was dedicated to Goddess. Sight was brutal.

how a society could have been so brutal heart less towards girl child?

Devadasi concept was connected to the Temple dancer system. In temples service to God was offered through singing and dancing. Many women who were trained singers and dancers were inducted into service by temple administration. In many parts of our country this system was prevalent in various forms suiting to the regions. In south India Temple had in-scripted accounts of many such incidents that indicates the number of such women engaged in temple.

The rise and fall in the status of devadasis can be seen to be running parallel to the rise and fall of Hindu temples. Invaders from West Asia attained their first victory in India at the beginning of the second millennium CE. The destruction of temples by invaders started from the northwestern borders of the country and spread through the whole of the country. Thereafter the status of the temples fell very quickly in North India and slowly in South India. As the temples became poorer and lost their patron kings, and in some cases were destroyed, the devadasis were forced into a life of poverty, misery, and, in many cases, prostitution. (from wiki)

The temple girls therefore performed a variety of duties. They were in charge of maintaining temple properties, supervising grants or other endowments of the temple, mobilizing temple resources, through leasing out lands and cattle, and performing various tasks connected with the day to day running of the temple.

These women played a very important role in the temple administration. The various donations made by them to the various temples show their rich economic status. About 300 of these sānis along with sltanapati were made nibandhakaras and were authorized to see that the gifts were properly administered

Devadāsis and Gift Giving In Medieval South India (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236840526_Devadasis_and_Gift_Giving_In_Medieval_South_India [accessed Sep 27, 2017].

Thus Devadasi means the dancer or Temple girl? Now from this source it is clear that there were many girls women put to the various kinds of services/duties in the Temples, not only dancing and singing.

Decoration, administration etc are also given to such women. There are huge number of such women working in the service of Temple-Ritualistic and non-ritualistic services.

As this cited source lists that women were in-charge of flower garden and the grants received in temple is also many times administered by few women with the help of adhikaris (males).

A devadasi had to satisfy her own soul while she danced unwatched and offered herself to the god, but the rajadasi’s dance was meant to be an entertainment. This statement is true for those dasi who dance or sings.

 

 

 

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devadasi

Click to access 127-128.pdf

http://keralaculture.org/chokkoor-plates/315

http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/Written-in-stone-Big-Temples-inscriptions-reveal-a-Kings-passion/article16047268.ece

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236840526_Devadasis_and_Gift_Giving_In_Medieval_South_India

 

Barrister babu @ColorsTV

Colors tv channel always amaze me. It’s programs are amazing, never bore me.

Recently they started telecasting a new serial named barrister babu, it is full of amazing stories. They are related to child marriages and conditions of windows in pre-independence India. As we are given to believe there were most of them were child girl widows. Men married multiple times. Many stories are written about old men marrying a girl child. Then if they die their child bride is cursed to remain a widow for whole life. We also read about great reformers vidyasagar Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Brahmo samaj was formed. Earlier practice was that on death of man his wife too burn in funeral pire and become a Sati. But it changed after law was made. Social change also mattered since awareness might have increased. But child widow and taboo towards widowhood lived for long.

Once a girl becomes widow all her happiness was snatched from her. Even she couldn’t laugh!

Through bondita the story of widows and their condition in that time is being retold by this serial.

One doubt is that on returning to India why Anirudh Roy Chodhary didn’t marry his love of childhood?

Plot developed in wrong way. I mean it could have been shown that Aniruddh married a child widow while returning to home! Being obsessed by thoughts of what happened in England. That would have been more real. Instead he returned first to home met his childhood friend and resisted temptations of fatal attraction-natural in that age. Basic instinct.

Contradiction is that he was shown thinking of this girl while studying in England.

Watching scenes of this serial I thought of Sanjay leela Bhansali. His films proved that he is master of craft for set designing, Art of decoration, authentic costumes etc.

Literacy was lowest, if I say almost nil then it wouldn’t be exaggeration. 1881 & 1891 census tell that almost 99% females were illiterate. Only about 10% males literate.

Society was in grip of darkness.

voot_77a18ff5513b28d64e2c0ab894fdfe94Conditions of widow was pathetic. They were not allowed to participate in any festivities even within family. As shown widow mother was living in misery and at the mercy of her brother, who too had a family. His wife exploited situation to the fullest. Thus life of a widow was a burden. They did all household chores, manual labour. But they couldn’t wear good cloths couldn’t eat good food, no sweets, no games, no laughing. Even hide themselves on certain occasions.

They might be made to cook food for all in house or might be feeding all children but couldn’t eat that food.

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Bondita here represents child widows. A girl child who is bright innocent but exploited and lured into a marriage with a man of age of her grandfather. Also shown how a man sold his niece to man of advanced age in disguise of marriage. Whereas for his own daughter he choose a young boy. Just for money all humanity was sold. Was this result of poverty?

I cannot blame them, as in present crisis of corona virus nick named covid19, neighbours started functioning secretly. When lockdown was announced everyone started collecting various items of daily use, flour, rice dal or even vegetables. In one shop I saw it was 3/4th empty. People took whatever they could. But kept secret from me the info as to from where they brought or where that item is available. During lockdown panic prevailed. We don’t know what’s happening next door.

Thus in those times of british rule everyone tried to survive, even if they need to apply any means there is no question of morales! Morality. Moral values.

Few people exploited in name of rituals. Main cause was illiteracy and superstition. Child marriage and restriction on widow remarriage all prevailed.

30 or 35 years back widow episode was covered in many articles. I read in few magazines. Dharmayug was one as it was my favourite, but since it was magazine my parents subscribed to. Every month. In one issues condition of widows in Vrindavan Mathura and Banares-Varanasi was covered. Gruesome story came to print. As widow lived like an orphan, no one is there to look after them. Thus they became object of exploitation in alien land. Most of these windows at Vrindavan were Bengali. Thus language barrier was there and with that big monster known as hunger tried to exploit the situation. It brought tears while reading condition of those widows. Though we visited vrindavan mathura in 1977 but as a child. After reading hard life of widows I was pained.

Few temples gave 50 paise to these windows who used to gather in these temples and sang bhajan kirtan whole day. Often few got food also, those who were lucky. Young widows were exploited in flesh trade. When I read that back in 80s I couldn’t believe. Such immoral things happened in places called as pilgrimage, where people go to seek blessing of lord krishna and Radha rani. How come few men did such lowly acts, I will not blame widows. How can men exploited the situation. It is sin. I don’t know how those men got relief when they died? I am certain they must have gone to hell.

Very few really helped them. Few widows worked to wash utensils of hotels, it was late in 80s and 90s that fashion of NGO came. Many so called समाजसेवी people and organization came there. Few of them too exploited these widows. All I saw on TV channels.

Later social welfare department were brought in, as government might have thought it’s duty of govt to do social welfare. And these widows are social human beings too!

Condition of widows in UP was also not good but system of throwing out of house did not prevailed in my generation. Widows themselves followed social customs restrictions. My grandmother too was a widow. Since my birth I saw her in that getup. But she was alone and managed her house and a shop that she took up under difficult situations. Social customs didn’t allow mother of a daughter to live with her married daughter in house of son in law or even among in laws family.

So she had to live alone in her house, but since there was nothing she knew about anything about business or work of her her husband. She couldn’t read any thing. On death of her husband no one came forward to tell her about business shares her husband might have in partnership!

She knew about a shop so she started operation that shop all alone, no son no other relatives, her courage I imagine. In 1959 or so she took charge of shop, society of that time too was not totally reformed. Taboo stigma of widowhood was still prevalent. Dharmayug story was published in late 80s. Thus imagine what conditions difficulties she might have faced in 60s. Women were not supposed to venture out of house even after Independence of India. All sorts of comments rumour mongering was going on. Condition could have been different if she was not a brahmin. Then came in family or politics of relatives. Relatives from far off started coming in in disguise of help. All they wanted was when and how this widow will give property to any male relative in absence of any make heir. But my grandmother saw through their tricks and bluntly told all if they don’t like they must leave immediately. She had told me as to how they built that home, she was tricked to work and did manual work in lieu of silver coins. I mean she loved every brick of house. I had seen her pain when any tenants used hammer to break coal! She used to tell then go out and break coal not inside the house.

She alone managed all work in shop, seller used to come and sold all sort of essential commodities as usual they did earlier. But bargaining of prices is now done by grandmother alone. Little tussle did take place with her real brother. But she didn’t agree to their demands. Obviously they wanted a bigger say in management of shop and heir for his son.

Social customs and taboo were enough to kill any widow that too if without any support of family.

In a TV serial on Doordarshan we saw a brahmin widow of zamindar was tricked by close people. Great actor Nutan ji played the role of widow.

Was damul too had character of a widow? There was this film by prakash jha in which role of widow was played by Deepti Naval.

I had seen many widows who survived while living with family of their brothers. One was phoolwasa फुलवासा in the village of my grandmother. She lived with family of shantram शंतराम her brother. Family claimed to belong to a rich family. But as happened in new India many rich families of British times became poor. I saw her since morning to night working and working like a time machine. Dawn to dusk all chores she did, early to fields, then as we call गोरू कूड़ा means tending to animals, cleaning their place, then collecting waste at appropriate place.

Another widow I saw at village Ramnagar Kanpur. In my aunt’s home. Family of two brothers lived together. Their sister I saw lived there. I presume she too was widow. All sorts of works in household she did but mostly she used to go out to either tend to animals and agricultural fields. Cooking etc were done by grandmother’s. Since these aunts were married to brothers of my father thus they are my चाची aunts.

Later in 90s system started changing. Widows lived with families. I guess system of joint family started vanishing thus strict norms or ratio became weak. Nuclear family became norms so other relatives could not dictate. Then family pension came in a big way. Financial conditions of widows git some help if their husbands worked in organised or public sector.

Openness exposure to outside world opened floodgates of information. This helped alot. But largely poor still suffered.

They had to survive in poor economic conditions, poverty hunger are still big monsters.

In serial condition of child widows is shown, though squeezed into 30 minutes format. A girl child who is lured into marriage by her own maternal uncle & aunty, she agrees to marry due to dream of having lots of sweets-rasogulla at her in-law’s house as she was told they have big sweet shop.

She was also given assurance that he widow mother will also join her after marriage. Little she knew that widows are banned from any auspicious ceremony and also she cannot ever live with her daughter and that too in the in-laws house.

A mother, if a widow can’t have opportunity to decorate and dress up her own daughter for marriage. Widow is considered un-auspicious. Her shadow can ruin any kind of event, such was taboo in those times. When a little girl of 10 or less was made to marry a man of 50 years old, fit for her grandfather, even then widow mother was not able to see or raise voice against this atrocity, as was shown in TV serial.

When savior in form of foreign educated lawyer Aniruddh Roy Chaudhary, son of a zamindar, who was laughed at for condition of women in his country by his class mates, saw this atrocity being enacted in front of his eyes, he tried to resist everyone and stop that marriage of a girl child.

Before he-Anirudh stops marriage, the groom died without completing wedding rituals, but still people tried to use religion-ritual as an excuse to burn a girl child as SATI, who is now widow of dead man. How could anyone do such things with a girl child? This thought comes to our mind in this new age, but in those times no one was there to oppose these customs. All kind of atrocities went on with women-girls in those times and no one was there to raise voice.

The young boy, educated too, saw these atrocities, impulsively tried to save the girl, and under pressure of circumstances forced to marry her. Back at his home no one could understand his motive?

Young girl child who was given to eat some toxic laced sweet by her aunt, was unconscious, reached her new in-laws’s home. Saw a new world for first time, this was a world she never imagined in dreams. Acting by little Bondita in TV serial superbly shown every aspect of a little girl and her feelings of surprise.

She is perfect choice. But message is clearly shown to viewers as to what kind of problems faced by small girls, who are forced into many kinds of sorrows.

One aspect was touched upon, but now shown till now, was that when a widow, turned out or expelled from her home, there is no one to shelter them other than the people who operate Flesh trade. Aunt of girl threatened widow mother of Bondita that if she doesnt marry and groom’s side returns empty hand then she along with her unmarried daughter will not have any shelter, other than- BAZAR-the shop of flesh trade.

Thus a widow the mother was forced into silence, so that she can remain silent in hope of getting a shelter at home of her own brother!!

article in The Hindu

another cite maitriindia details few of Vrindavan widows

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SAARC FOR COVID19

History was made when Prime Minister Narendra Modi ji initiated vedio confrence with leaders of all member countries of SAARC. Almost all leaders welcomed the move and thanked Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji except a natural obvious country, who was represented by health minister. In last segment only health minister of Pakistan thanked PM Modi.

Bangladesh Prime minister Smt Shekh Hasina ji thanked and welcomed our PM for this initiative, she thanked several times.

Pakistan side hesitated alot in thanking our PM.

Out of box is said to be a leadership quality, and our PM Narendra Modi ji proved it.

SAARC countries shared not just heritage but characteristics of demography too. Population density at its height. Risk of spread of any pandemic or endemic disease is highest. Thus our PM tried to take neighbouring countries onboard. United together we can overcome any challenges.

On humanitarian grounds too interventions are ought to be taken by any country. PM Narendra Modi ji had this vision and will, to take it forward.

I think in last 40 years this was the first such vedio confrence among SAARC members.

In wake of risk of infection it would not have better than a VC?

All head of govt of these countries welcomed the initiative of PM Narendra Modi ji.

Pakistan played dirty politics by mentioning Jammu and Kashmir.

But in such a situation coming together may offer many opportunities to tackle the problem in arresting spread of Corina virus infection. Primarily resource sharing, expertise etc. Health givers of these SAARC countries can come together and share their experiences and offer their expertize, if they have, in field of dealing with virus infection.

Pradhanamntri Narendra Modi ji also opened a Pandora box of possibilities. This platform of VC can be of immense utilization in future if SAARC Secretariat carries forward this initiative. In medical education or in any other such as response mitigation on disaster management. Rescue and relief measures in event of natural calamity can be provided. Education is another foremost field. Students and teachers of member countries can take benefit of courses if provide online exclusively for saarc members.

Entertainment programme can also be aired through any TV broadcasting channel, as there cannot be denial that we all share common heritage. From Kabul to Rangoon we have same culture. Recent memory of kabuliwala काबुलीवाला kabuli chana काबुली चने, कालीन, सेब, खुबानी, बादाम आदि और पिया गए रंगून वहाँ से किया टेलीफोन तुम्हारी याद सताती है? शरत चन्द्र की कहानियों के पात्र and a large section of indian population that resided in Rangoon or other parts of Burma doing business and other sorts of employment during british india.

Historically too तक्षशिला गाँधार can never wiped out of our memory. Present language we speak too has been contaminated by Persian arabic Afghani languages. Earlier during British rule it was commonly termed as Hindustani language.

Present day Pakistan too seems to have diluted language of those areas. Pakhtun, Baloch, Sindhi, Kutchi language have started vanishing, as whoever we see any footage on TV all seems to speak mixture of Urdu and Punjabi. I am surprised as to how just partion of nation forced people’s mindset to accept a language that never wad theirs? Urdu was born in Lucknow grew in Delhi Hyderabad courts, literary mushaira etc, used by Urdu poets. It was not a language of common man. Partion was done of religious basis, keeping or forcing a separate identity forced few to keep Urdu connected with that religion. Result is whenever I see people from pakistan or anchors or people debating use such a language that was aliean 70 years ago. After partition authorities there tried to implement strictly that language policy. However in East area situation is different, Bangladesh name itself indicate love for Bangla language and Bengali identity or to keep separate identity from those who were in Pakistan.

But still I love image of अखण्ड भारत united India.

But video conferencing is very helpful tool, now it is up to people how they take it forward. Pradhanamntri Shri Narendra Modi ji has shown us a path. SAARC members and it’s Secretariat has to followup.

Radha Krishna- Bhakti

 

 

 

to see-view original painting click on this link Source: MS M.1060.9