The #Diva- one & only #SitaraDevi ji #nrityasamragyi; #Queen of #kathak

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The moment you see Sitara Devi ji here in every frame the bright spirit comes alive.

Not only for women’s day but for my respect and remembrance I thought to “google” some images of our great Artist. From thousands of images I could select few and copied and pasted here. sitara3

I wish i can write a small booklet on her. Each frame tells a story. That story I will imagine and try to write  in my way. But for now, on women’s day, she is the true symbol to pay respect towards her (an untiring spirit of a woman).

I had seen her programs on Doordarshan all black and white broadcast from Lucknow Doordarshan Kendra during 1980s. I wish all are available in doordarshan archives? Similar programs of GopiKrishna were also telecasted.

I am not the only one who is in awe of her. The famous Dance critic writer Sunil Kothari said about her “Sitara was exceptionally talented. Full of energy and infectious spirit, her dance cast a spell on audiences, not for the nazakat (delicacy) and khubsoorti (beauty) the Lucknow gharana was known for, but for her electrifying Kathak. Sitara’s endearing way of speaking to the audience, be it in Motihari village in Bihar, or Carnegie Hall in New York, won her the affection of connoisseurs and lay people. She was a law unto herself.?       These words sum up about her in little.

The moment Sitara Devi ji used to come on stage, whole of stage seemed to be electrified.

Although SitaraDevi ji hailed from a Brahmin family, where it was a social stigma on dancing by girls of such families. But due to encouragement from her Father and guru Pt Sukhdev Maharaj, she got opportunity to learn Kathak Dance from her elder sisters Tara ji, who was mother of Natraj GopiKrishna ji. Another elder sister was Alakhnanda ji who was also a famous kathak performer of her time. I think she died nearly in 1984 ??? i dont remember exact year. But when I went to BHU to appear in an examination there i had read in a news paper that Alakhnanda ji was seriously ill and ailing in a hospital. Since I had gone to BHU to appear in an examination and i could imagine how my parents and relatives could have reacted had I requested them to take me to that hospital just to see Alakhnanda ji?? that is situation in our society. Then imagine what hardship these ladies, these legendary stars, had to face during their childhood in 1920s or 1930s?

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Eldest sister of SitaraDevi ji Smt Alaknanda Devi ji
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Sitara Devi ji was a permanent star attendance at most famous Holi Dhamal of RK Studio,.

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Has anyone thought that a  LP record of a classical dancer will be brought out in those times? HMV might have thought of her popularity among people of India for her singing and dancing capabilities.

Sitara Ji always loved the brighter side of life, i think that shows her positive attitude towards life. the zeal to live life to its fullest.sit1  sit6

sit10Dilip saheb considered as her sister? She was married to the husband of his sister, thus by our indian traditions She was his sister? we had great traditions in India. Till recently Sitara ji visited Dilip Kumar saheb ji on Rakhsabandhan, to tie Rakhi.

Sitara ji married at her own terms. Sitara Devi was married to Nazir Ahmed Khan then to K. Asif and then to Pratap Barot. K Asif was brother of wife of Nazir Ahmed Khan.

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In this age Dr Sitara Devi ji came up on stage and people sought her blessings, at Sur Singar Sansad. Here daughter of Sitara Devi Ji Smt JayantiMala presented her dance. After Sitara Devi ji and Gopi Krishna ji there is no one who can bear the Torch of Banaras Gharana of Kathak. I mean that charm and majesty which these star dancers carried will be missed.

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Each and every frame depicts her as lively persona

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in filmssitara15sitara10

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     sitara-naushad-suraiyatwo pics

few of videos are in other blog 

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This particular image is enough to describe her untiring spirit and ever ready to dance. She was on wheel chair and still performed on stage at a function organised in memory of women empowerment !!! is it not a symbol of untiring spirit.

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https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/uEgMMffzZns

http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/sitara-devi-obituary/article6639595.ece

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitara_Devi

CHILD ABUSE at home : Child sexual abuse, what can we call it?

While sleeping i felt something unusual, But deep in sleep i could not figure it out. I felt a human body beside me. Thus clinging to that warm body I slept again. Now i know how dangerous is to fall asleep.

After applying his liquid kisses on me, he took me into tight embrace. I also put my arms around him. He was so pleased by this that again he gave me liquid kisses. He uses his tongue to lick my cheeks. Putting his lips on my cheeks, sucked my cheeks tightly. He then as if assuring me tried to caress all over my head, my body and planted kiss on my forehead.

After that whenever i felt something i would move. He immediately took me into his grip of arms. Presented kisses as if, saying don’t worry, everything is ok. For assurance i had bounty of his liquid kisses on me. He many times would say “good child”.

I had picked up habit of imitating him. Whatever he did i did try to do same. He used to kiss on my forehead, cheeks, neck, eyes. i also tried to cling to him and try to kiss him on his chest and his cheeks. When he moved his body towards me then i kissed him. I also imitated him by placing my arms around him. All this happened in dark nights on bed.

he used to kiss me all over. His chest was over my mouth suddenly his nipples were touching  my mouth, at that moment my lips were on his nipple. He liked it. he then moved close towards me and adjusted me so that my mouth be placed on his chest, So that my lips touch his nipples. As soon as his nipples came in contact of my lips, I tried to firm up my lips as if I tried to kiss. He liked it. Actually he was trying to adjust himself so that I can do it again and again on him. He gone mad at that time with lots of groaning moaning sounds. He madly kissed me again and again. He just ate my cheeks as if he will puncture my cheeks. My cheeks were full of his saliva. He rolled his warm tongue all over my cheeks. He sucked cheeks strongly. Whole of my cheeks he pulled by making vacuum inside his mouth. as if sucking all my cheek.

When i tried to suck his nipple he laughed. I heard him laugh in that darkness. My ears were full of thumping sounds of his heart. His chest was so close to my face. He was taller and huge well built guy.

After I slept i didn’t know what happened? when he came? when he untied his cloths?. But when he placed his leg on me then the touch of his skin indicated that he is without cloths. he placed his leg on me as if keeping me under his control.

When he placed his leg on me, my hand touched his thighs. he lifted his leg and adjusted himself so that my hand touch him where both of his leg meet. He pressed his arms around me tightly, he pushed me down and funny thing was that he presented many kisses.

Again while sleeping in his arms encircling me, suddenly some movements woke me up. my hand found that he had loosened his loin cloth and he was rubbing himself against my body. there it was, a very hard erect thing. He might have also known that i have woken-up so he again encircled me with his strong arms and pulled towards his chest and tried to assure with soft kisses and started licking me. he guided my hand and placed it around that pulpy tube like organ. he guided my palm to grip it and make movements. By All that he meant as to tell me what to do??

My palm touched that stiff, erect hard thing. what was it? A hard fleshy thing. He started moaning. suddenly he took me into his tight grip, i thought he will break my bones. But he did not forget to put liquid kisses. I was made to turn halfway, now i was completely in his grip. He started rubbing vigorously his belly against me. I think he knew that i loved his liquid kisses, thus whenever i tried to stop him, softening his grips he kissed me.

with tightened arms around me, he thrust his belly on me with more force. when i tried to move he would just soften his arms. when i again start sleeping he would again do something.  All few days all this touching thing went on.

That day also he stayed in my house. Strangely i was sleeping, something happened, since by now i had become habitual of this body touching and tight grips. thus thinking that something happening as usual, carelessly i just put my arms also around him and slept.

I felt some pressure, he kissed me. He was partly naked. i felt his bare chest at my back.

when he applied force that time i might have woken up, he then forcefully took me into arms and was thrusting his belly into my back.  He had trapped me in his arms so i could not move freely, he caressed all over my body. he surveyed my back. When he forcefully pressed his belly into my back i was shocked. there he had applied his saliva, at that moment when he thrust his organ into me and When his raw flesh (devil) touched on that spot i was blown into pieces. He thrust his fly. his organ was trying to pierce into me. He was halfway through. At that moment With full force I moved a little and came out of bed. That night changed me for forever.

This incident brought some of the previous memories to fore, which i had forgotten.

These happened when i was i think 6 or 7 years old.

one dark night I woke-up due to some unknown sensation in my lower part, I found one of my cousin lying beside me. He was much elder to me. he was doing some movements holding me.  he guided my arm to hold in grip a slippery tube like bulbous structure. Holding my hand he made to do some to and fro movements with speed. After some time some strong smashing jerks felt by my hand. I could not see anything since it was a darkest night, i have ever known.

then he lifted and took me somewhere to another place. When he placed me on a bed i found there was another naked body.  i felt his skin.  It was a big body and well built. He took me into his arms, gently. Despite of a tough body he was gentle enough to kiss me several times. This was amazing and strange kiss i ever had. i never had such type of kiss ever before.

He adjusted me beside him on his bed. My cousin who brought me on that bed went back. This naked BIG body kept his arms around me as if i am a petite little chicken who has to be treated softly. he made me to cling to his body with his strong big arms. Immediately He made my left palm to hold something. It was much more magnificent than my cousin’s organ, hard, bulbous, smooth silky, wet, and erect with warmth. It also had some jerky motion within it. Only missing thing was that i could not see it. There was complete darkness of night. nothing was visible. He was holding me in arms while offering kisses. Body was wet with sweat. But that thing was much more longer than my palm. While i was guessing what this long thing is? He squeezed me, climbed on me, I felt crushed under his huge body and he was doing all his jumping motion on me, i wanted to run out. he held me strongly under his body. He was strong built… I tried to run out of the cot.   to that he said what happened my child? where are you going?

he was a tenant in my grandmother’s house. That night my grandmother was not at home. she had gone to attend a pooja at neighbour’s house which usually they do in the NAVRATRI days. Devi Jagran.

Then whenever i felt something unusual thing while sleeping i found my cousin doing something at my front. While taking nap in summer afternoons, he used to come on bed and lay beside me. I was staying alone with grandmother during summer holidays. In afternoons time, Everybody would sleep. He wore just a cloth around his waist. so he was completely naked. encircling my body with his hand around me. he would make my hand to take his organ in grip and to do some movement over it.

Was this not child molestation?  where i could have complained? these persons were known to me, trusted persons.

That person who recently did this to me was much Elder to me.

He used to stay in our house whenever he used to go city for his job. He always got chance to stay at our house. By touching and praising he made my body accustomed to his TOUCH. then slowly he had graduated on to sneaking into my bed at Nights. Then he made me feel his kisses, liquid and warm kisses, gradually he introduced me to his bare body, his strong arms, He used to encircle me in his tight grip of arms.

Even after so many years of my life those acts and touch and that piercing act,  all that just dont leave me, they come all over again to me. What I can do?

Desire and devotion: Apsara, ganika, devi, yakshi

Desire and Devotion?

Somewhere i had read on same title there was an exhibition of objects of Arts. on asianart.com was details on an exhibition on Desire and devotion, with collection of art objects http://www.asianart.com/exhibitions/desire/index.html copy paste in browser and have a look

if i write elaborately about all images that will require huge space. There were many treatise written about desire. famous and most popular became was KamSutra

Kamsutra said to be written by Vatsyayan, but most appropriate word would be that He compiled & researched over that topic-KamShahstra. He studied earlier written material available to him.

as per his compilation a Man or so to say a human has to have certain qualities, he must know or atleast be able to appreciate these arts. these include Singing, playing musical instrument, Dance, Drama-theatre, Painting-sketching Art, mystique ability, Diplomacy, knowledge of scriptures, able to solve problems, few languages, knowledge of many things-wisdom.

 

1.गानविद्या- आपको गाने में प्रवीण होना चाहिए. आप जब गाएं तो सुनने वाला बस उसी में खो जाए.
2. वाद्य – तरह तरह के बाजे बजाना आना चाहिए3.

3. नृत्य – बेहतर डांस करने वाला अपनी आकर्षक भाव भंगिमाओं और अदाओं से किसी को भी सम्मोहित कर सकता है.
4. नाट्य – जीवन में अभिनय की बहुत जरूरत पड़ती है, लिहाजा इसमें पारंगत होने पर आप कहीं भी मात नहीं खाएंगे, अपना काम बनवा सकते हैं.
5. चित्रकारी – ये वो कला है, जो आपको खुद को अलग तरह से जाहिर करने की ताकत देती है.
6. विचित्र सिद्धियाँ दिखलाना-  वात्स्यायन का आशय प्राचीन काल की उन सिद्धियों की ओर होगा, जो कम लोग जानते हों और उनका विशेषज्ञ होकर अाप अपनी खास स्थिति बना सकते हैं. मौजूदा जमाने में इसका मतलब तकनीक क्षेत्र में नई चीजों के प्रति पकड़ को लेकर समझा जा सकता है.
7. कूटनीति- कूटनीति घर से लेकर बाहर तक हर जगह जरूरी है, इसमें पारंगत होने से जीवन आसान हो जाता है
8. ग्रंथों को पढ़ाने का चातुर्य – विद्वान होना चाहिए और ग्रंथों की जानकारी होना चाहिए ताकि इन्हें पढ़ाकर धाक जमा सकें.
9. समस्यापूर्ति करना – यानि तरह तरह के मैनेजमेंट में उस्ताद होना. जो आज भी उतना ही जरूरी है
10. विभिन्न देशों की भाषा का ज्ञान – कई विदेशी भाषाओं का जानकार होना आपकी काबिलियत और लर्निंग की तेजी की क्षमता को दिखाता है.
11. समस्त कोशों का ज्ञान- इससे आपको दुनियाभर की हर क्षेत्र की जानकारी होगी

कामसूत्र की वो कलाएं, जिससे बना सकते हैं पैसा
ये वो कलाएं हैं, जिसमें पारंगत होने से आप अपना रोजगार शुरू कर सकते हैं और अच्छा खासा पैसा भी कमा सकते हैं

1. तरह-तरह खाने की वस्तुएं बनाना
2. तरह-तरह पीने के पदार्थ बनाना
3. नाटक आख्यायिका आदि की रचना करना
4. बेल-बूटे बनाना
5. प्रतिमा आदि बनाना
6. बढ़ई की कारीगरी
7. गृह आदि बनाने की कारीगरी
8. सोने, चांदी आदि धातु तथा हीरे-पन्ने आदि रत्नों की परीक्षा
9. सोना-चांदी आदि बना लेना
10. गलीचे, दरी आदि बनाना

कामसूत्र की वो कलाएं, जो उपयोगी हो सकती हैं
1- हाथ की फुर्ती के काम
2- कपड़े और गहने बनाना
3- रत्नों को नाना प्रकार के आकारों में काटना
4- विजय प्राप्त कराने वाली विद्या
5- खानों की पहचान
6- हार-माला आदि बनाना
7- कान और चोटी के फूलों के गहने बनाना
8- फूलों के आभूषणों से श्रृंगार करना
9- नयी-नयी बातें निकालना

कुछ और कलाएं
– कठपुतली बनाना, नाचना
– वृक्षों की चिकित्सा
– छल से काम निकालना
– समस्त छन्दों का ज्ञान
– वस्त्रों को छिपाने या बदलने की विद्या
– मन्त्रविद्या

on this link a accurate translation of Kamsutra can be accessed https://www.gutenberg.org/files/27827/27827-h/27827-h.htm

there are 7 volumes of section has 36 chapters?

Streets of India

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भारत Bharat and भारतियता Bhartiyata most of people know it as India and Indian Sanskriti? but is Bhartiyata same as Indian Sanskriti? with past experience i can say our bhartiyata or Sanskriti is thriving only in by-lanes of our villages or small towns, I call them as “Streets of India“.

They show actual picture or real India. Daily these streets come alive during odd hours, when so called civilized sleep. Many people tend to look up to roads, highways as the sign of development. But real society lives in and depends on such small by-lanes/Streets of India

Everyone of us must have seen such streets around us.

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In early hours in morning when most people don’t even wake up, few people struggle to clean our streets.

their contribution is greatest. but remains neglected in so called civilized society. Our streets look clean only due to such workers and also participation of residents of streets. Residents forget that it is their street and they only make it dirty?

now at least due to idea of #Swachhbharat everyone has become more aware about cleanliness.

It is all due to our PrimeMinister Shri Narendra Modi ji.

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this photo is of early morning when people get up and after taking baths etc often seen rushing towards temples in bylanes of Kashi. few people go to office-shop etc so in such time they hurriedly run towards temple

later in morning photo below shows a mother going to drop her daughter at school. Might be that her husband gone to office? or in some households sending children to school is priority? thus husbands can wait at home so that mother can drop her child at nearby schools. few schools too are open in some bylanes so that such mothers or families can send their wards to schools without traveling long distances?

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then after 9 or 10 few vendors start coming in streets, they sell many usefull things, those who don’t want to go far in searching they get benefited. But mostly i have found that women or ladies of house are left to fend for such works-arranging daily needs-husbands dont bother? or they dont listen-and make excuse that they are very busy in office so they cannot buy such things.

often milk-curd-yoghurt? fruits-grocery items come in streets. now a days with availability of 2 or 3 wheelers frequency of vendors has increased. Everything is available at doorstep.

amritsar

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Jodhpur

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porbandar

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these photos below i like very much as they show the actual life on streets

women go for marketing in such streets and they get all necessary things of rtheir use also for their family. often in many places(city or towns) there are few designated streets, where only itmes of use of women are found. in Kanpur near shivalaya, Bada Chauraha one market was there. in that market all sorts of things were available, jewellery cloths fashion accessories etc. all items at one market.

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gujrata

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while looking at his photo i am reminded of lannes of old Ganeshgunj, Lucknow, Jareeb-chauki, Kanpur, one lane from side of road that leads from Gurudwara chowki(gumti) no5, Kanpur. in afternoons or around 12 or so lanes become somehwhat empty & with silence.

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Sculpt’About: Lorenzo Quinn

mymindabout

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For Quinn, sculpture is primarily an art of communication, a medium through which he aims to help people evolve further in tolerance, understanding and harmony. ‘I make art for myself and for people who wish to come along for a ride through my dreams’, he says. ‘How we live our own lives is of the utmost importance, and most of my work has to do with values and emotions.’

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Suniti Chaudhary unsung hero of freedom struggle

चौदह साल की उम्र में अंग्रेज कलेक्टर की हत्या की थी सुनीति_चौधरी ने!

बात 14 दिसंबर 1931 की थी. फैजुन्निसा बालिका विद्यालय की उन दोनों लड़कियों ने जिला मजिस्ट्रेट से मिलने का समय लिया था. सुनीति चौधरी और शांति घोष की उम्र उस समय मात्र 14-15 साल रही होगी. जिला मजिस्ट्रेट ने जब उनसे आने का कारण पूछा तो शांति ने उनके हाथ में एक प्रार्थनापत्र पकड़ा दिया जिसमें लड़कियों के लिए एक स्विमिंग पूल बनाने आ अनुरोध किया गया था. वह अंग्रेज अफसर जो पूर्वी बंगाल के कोमिला का कलेक्टर था. उसने कहा,“ठहरो, इस पर तुम्हारे प्रिंसिपल को ही एक्शन लेना होगा. अभी उनके लिए संस्तुति लिख कर देता हूँ.”

अंग्रेज कलेक्टर भीतर गया. जब लौटा तो उसके पास संस्तुति पत्र था. पर तब तक चौदह वर्ष की दुबली-पतली लड़की सुनीति ने रिवाल्वर निकाल कर जिला मजिस्ट्रेट चार्ल्स जॉफ़्रे बकलैंड स्टीवेंस पर दनादन गोलियाँ चला दीं. उसकी मौके पर ही मौत हो गई. यह घटना शहीद भगत सिंह को फांसी की सजा सुनाए जाने के विरोधस्वरूप सरकार का ध्यान आकर्षित करने के लिए की गई थी. संसार भर में इस खबर को प्रमुखता से प्रकाशित किया गया. यह भारत के इतिहास में किन्हीं महिला क्रांतिकारियों द्वारा एक बड़े ब्रिटिश अधिकारी की हत्या की पहली घटना जो थी.

22 मई,1917 को टिप्पेरा के कोमिला सब-डिविजन में एक मध्यम वर्गीय बंगाली परिवार में उमाचरण चौधरी के घर जन्मी सुनीति चौधरी वर्ष 1930 में ‘सविनय अवज्ञा आंदोलन’ के उत्कर्ष को बहुत विस्मय से देखा करती थी. इस दौरान देश भर में लगातार धरना-प्रदर्शन हो रहे थे. जगह-जगह पर आंदोलनकारियों के रोज़ प्रदर्शन हुआ करते थे. लेकिन उसी अनुपात में पुलिस का दमन चक्र भी बढ़ता जा रहा था. उन अमानवीय अत्याचारों को देख कर सुनीति के कोमल मन में विद्रोह की भावना बलवती हो चली थी. वह इन ब्रिटिश आततायियों से बदला लेने की भावना से सराबोर हो गई थी. लोग जब इन लड़कियों को पकड़ने जमा हुए, तब शांति और सुनीति ने किसी भी तरह का विरोध नहीं किया. वे भीड़ की मार सहती गईं. वे हर तरह की यातना सहने के लिए तैयार हो कर आई थीं. उनके दर्द सहने की क्षमता को परखने के लिए उनकी उंगलियों में पिन चुभोए गए, पर ये टूटी नहीं. सुनीति ने अपने गुप्त संगठन के बारे में एक भी शब्द नहीं बोला. उसके चेहरे पर उस समय भी शिकन नहीं आई, जब हथियारों की खोज के बहाने उससे शारीरिक छेड़छाड़ की गई.सुनीति और उसकी सहयोगी को आजीवन कारावास की सज़ा सुनायी गई थी, जिसका मतलब था कि इन्हें शहीद होने से रोक लिया गया था. रास्ते में इन्हें चिल्लाते सुना गया –“फांसी मिलनी चाहिए थी! फांसी इससे कई गुना बेहतर होती!”

लोग इन्हें देख कर अचंभित होते. अधिकारियों ने इन दोनों को तोड़ने की कोशिश नहीं छोड़ी. शांति को जेल में दूसरी श्रेणी के अन्य क्रांतिकारियों के साथ रखा गया, जबकि सुनीति को तीसरी श्रेणी में भेज दिया गया, जहाँ चोर और जेबकतरों को रखा जाता था. यहाँ खराब खाना और गंदे कपड़े उन्हें मिलते थे. मानवाधिकारों का हनन होने के बाद भी सुनीति स्थिर और शांत रहीं. वह पुलिस द्वारा अपने माता-पिता पर हो रहे अत्याचारों और अपने बड़े भाई की गिरफ्तारी की खबर को सुन कर भी रोज़मर्रा के काम में व्यस्त रहती. अपने छोटे भाई का कलकत्ता की गलियों में फेरीवाला बनने और अंत में भूख और बीमारी के कारण मर जाने की खबर भी सुनीति को तोड़ नहीं पाई.  उनकी बेटी भारती सेन ने बताया कि, “तब द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के कारण देश भर में तमाम कैदियों को रिहा कर दिया गया था. यह सुविधा केवल माँ को ही नहीं मिली थी, अधिकाँश बंदियों को छोड़ दिया गया था. जेल से बाहर आकर माँ की जिंदगी और भी कठिन हो गई थी. उनके दो भाइयों को भी गिरफ्तार कर जेल में डाल दिया गया था. मेरे दादाजी की सरकारी कर्मचारी होने के नाते मिलने वाली पेंशन को भी रोक दिया गया था. घर में कमाने का कोई स्रोत नहीं बचा था. माँ के छोटे भाई की क्षय रोग से मृत्यु हो गई. कोलकाता में माँ के पास रुकने की कोई जगह भी नहीं बची थी, परंतु उन्हें अब पढ़ाई करने और डॉक्टर बनने का जुनून सवार हुआ. कल्याणी दास जो विख्यात क्रांतिकारी बीना दास की बड़ी बहन की थी, तिलजाला में निर्धन और असहाय लोगों के लिए एक डेस्टिट्यूट होम चलाती थी. तब माँ उनके साथ जाकर रुकी. वहीं रहकर उन्होंने अपनी दसवीं कक्षा की परीक्षा पास की. जब वह जेल गई थी तब वह नवीं क्लास में थी. वह हाई स्कूल की परीक्षा में प्रथम श्रेणी में पास हुई, फिर उन्होंने मेडिकल कॉलेज की परीक्षा पास की. उन्हें तिलजाला से आशुतोष मेडिकल कॉलेज में क्लास अटेंड करने के लिए पैदल जाना पड़ता था. उन्हें कोई सलाह देने वाला भी नहीं था. विज्ञान की पढ़ाई उन्होंने कैसे पूरी कि यह जानना अद्भुत था. मेरे पिता प्रद्योत कुमार घोष ने तब माँ की बहुत सहायता की. उनका घर बहुत बड़ा था. उन्होंने उनकी हर संभव मदद की. मेरी एक आंटी जो उस समय ग्रेजुएट थी वह माँ को अंग्रेजी पढ़ाई करती थी और पिता उन्हें विज्ञान और गणित पढ़ाते थे. पर समस्या सिर्फ इतनी ही नहीं थी. माँ के पास फीस भरने के लिए भी पैसे नहीं होते थे इसलिए कई बार उनका नाम कॉलेज से कट जाया करता. उनकी अटेंडेंस भी कम होने लगी…  ”पर सुनीति डॉक्टर बन गई. दयालु और समर्पण भरा स्वभाव उनके डॉक्टरी के पेशे से मेल खाता था. जल्द ही वह चंदननगर की एक प्रतिष्ठित डॉक्टर बन गईं. लोग उन्हे प्यार से ‘लेडी माँ’ बुलाने लगे. चंदननगर तब एक फ्रेंच कॉलोनी हुआ करता था. वह वहाँ कई वर्ष तक सेवारत रही.सन 1952 के आम चुनावों में डॉ. सुनीति घोष को कांग्रेस और कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी, दोनों की तरफ से चुनाव लड़ने की पेशकश की गई. सक्रिय राजनीति में दिलचस्पी नहीं होने के कारण सुनीति ने इस प्रस्ताव को ठुकरा दिया.सुनीति को बच्चों और प्रकृति से प्रेम था. उसने अपने बच्चों को बागवानी, तैराकी और प्रकृति विज्ञान की शिक्षा दी. 12 जनवरी, सन 1988 को इस क्रांतिकारी महिला ने प्राण त्याग दिए.आज उनका जन्मदिन है. पर देश की आजादी की अलख जगाने में उनके योगदान की कहीं कोई चर्चा नहीं है. अफ़सोस.

This is copied from FB page of Raj Gopal Singh Verma

#Museum #InternationalMuseumDay

#WorldMuseumDay #MuseumWeek

Swayamkatha

Bronze siva.pngMuseums have now become multi-utility spaces? Museums now hold Talks-Debates, Movies, Documentary screening, Study tours, Walk through History, Research, Cataloging, Publications, Archaeological important material, Anthropological research, Exhibitions, much more. I think list is still not complete?  So vast is the scope of museums now a days in world? As National Museum started a course for students, i am sure other museums must be doing same.

Earlier when museums were thought it was just as an art gallery for exhibiting, preserving few historical things, mostly excavated or collected paintings, sculptures etc.

Only few people used to visit such places, exhibiting Egyptian mummy, animal specimens.

I had visited few: Lucknow Zoo, there was a small structure housing few Egyptian mummy and few of old vintage portraits. Then i saw Salar Jung Museum on my visit to Hyderabad in 1977 when my father took us on LTC. It is one of the largest

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NPR #census #survey #data

Population census in India has been continuous process since century(1881?) and most precious data collection exercise in the world.

Though started in British India in present form, but data collection is an exercise without which no administration can function. Even in mughal period too various kinds of survey were done. My grand mother often used to tell a word मरदन शुमारी. In hindostani language it was word for census.

In 2011-12 NPR was conducted and icards were issued to me. In those times there were threats of terrorist attacks, infiltration. Thus a census of usual residents was planned in country, but border states were thought to be covered first. So my area was a border area thus I got NPR card. This was the exercise to know about any infiltration?

Data on migration is a continuous subject of interest in population census for data researchers and policy makers planners etc.

In this data series we can get to know how many people reside in other district than their place of birth. How many reside in state other than their birth state and even country of birth. Data also gives insight into time/period of residence at present place. How long they residing at present place shortest months or less than 1 years other than 5 years, less than 5 or more than 5?

Mother tongue, amenities in houses such as bathroom, kitchen, laterine, drain, fuel for cooking-whether using lpg, wood or kerosene oil or electricity, availability of drinking water within premises or distance, assets in households such as TV mobile landline phone, internet, vehicle-2 or 4 wheeler etc, household members, head of household(if woman or male we get to know), even social group i.e. ST or SC etc details,

Interesting information I get is how many married couple live in households, whether they have an exclusive room in house, or number of rooms in a house?

Specific data was collected on place of birth, name of district state or country was to be mentioned. Then was place of last residence, if person comes from other stay or place then name of that place was collected. Reason of migration and duration of stay in present place after migration was also collected.

Number of children surviving, Number of children ever born and number of children born during last year was also collected. Together this data on age at the time of marriage was also collected.

There was a survey/census on Socio Economic Caste Census too i.e. SECC. A door to Door survey was conducted to know social Economic Condition of every household. Many aspects of economic conditions together with Caste or community was also collected.

Economic Survey is conducted every five years or so, different than population census

Agriculture Census is a continuing programme of census/survey, it also includes Input Survey-that collects many important data on Land Use, cultivable land, cropping pattern, inputs used in Agriculture or Farm implements, few of data on financial aspects of farming.

Land reforms are in place, earlier we heard of Bhumilekha or an initiative where all land records are digitized. Anyone can check, download their land records.

There are various systems of registrations, not but for many things, establishing a commercial establishment, either a factory or a small industries now comes under MSME?

Registrar of factories, Labour commissioners

Registrar of companies, societies?

Registrar of cooperative societies

for MSME- District Industries centres(DIC)

Employment Exchange-few are university employment bureau

now there is new one FSSAI, all food vendors are supposed to register

In population census a preliminary exercise is conducted to collect data on homes, often called as house-listing. Enumerators are given job to collect data on population, but if they don’t have house-listing of their designated area how can they collect data? i mean without any prior information no one can go to field and collect data, it is like going to a jungle/forest & collect data of whoever is sighted?

Thus a detailed ward-wise, village-wise mapping is done before start of population counting. These maps are updated while collecting data by enumerators, indicating any new construction of houses, institutional buildings, parks, water bodies, forest area etc. All this is done so that when other set of people(enumerators) go to that area so they have ready-made guide of that area. It is quite possible that by the time enumerator reaches that area, few new buildings might have been constructed, then without any problem enumerators add that new building also and collect data.

Due to corona virus (covid19) pandemic lockdown is announced. Few people started pointing out problems of non availability of food to migrants labourer, poor families. no job to daily wage earners.

Thus i thought, if initiative of registration of capturing everything in data form must have been popular in our country, then lot of problems could have been solved. digitally.

Few Govts have announced financial benefits via DBT to poor or needy people. But if they don’t have any identity(bank accounts?), it’s difficult for any system to locate-identify such beneficiaries. Had there been any digital route/data/mapping in place, it would have been easy and effortless to transfer all benefits. Few years back JanDhan yojana was started with zero balance saving bank accounts. Crores of people got benefit. For last 70 years poor people could not in dream to see or enter gates of BANKS, whereas lakhs of wealthy people got benefit-loans etc from Many BANKS?

Few years back everyone used to blame migrant labourer for crimes taken place in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi etc? Had there been any system of registration of labourers, their movements & other details could have been captured in a centralised Database. Labour Department and Registrar of factories & commercial establishment Act etc can make registration of labourers or workers mandatory. Each State can do it. Later it can be part of a centralized database. There is scheme of insurance of workers. But i was confused as there was also an option of registration of workers union? and with that registration of workers who are its members?

I mean if all labourers/workers are registered anywhere in India they could have got benefits declared by various govts, most importantly through DBT without any manual interface, thus it could reduce corruption and increase transparency. Unorganised sector, as name suggests is without any organised way to study, locate or report about it. Various schemes are launched for benefits of workers, but if workers are not registered then no benefit can reach the identified targets. Since DBT has ensured 0 corruption, still if there is no database then no cash transfer can take place.

Family Ration Cards have gone under massive makeover. Instead of paper ration cards now Smart Ration cards based on Aadhaar authentication have been Incorporated. Though it had many problems too. Many cases were reported in news channels where, if head of family is not present then it became difficult for family to take ration from FPS shops. Now in many cases any of family member can lift ration from shop after authenticating their finger prints. Digital India has grown in leaps and bounds together with UIDAI. As time passes utilization and potential-opportunity of use of Aadhaar is increasing many folds. For that digitization has to be upto the mark to handle huge data or Database.

In few states database was used to help migrant labourers. Problem arises when only men migrate to other states leaving behind families. Thus someone from family has to go to ration shop and authenticate. Man as a migrant has to fend for himself on daily basis if he is a daily wager. As I got my smart ration card that looks like a debit card and works on password.

During lockdown many labourers were shown on TV returning from punjab. Few said they worked in Agriculture fields now returning to their villages to mend their agriculture fields. That means harvesting seasons are different in punjab and Bihar? funny idea?

All ration cards if available online then there should be no problem to develop a centralised database, much like core banking. In Banks too, i heard similar concept was introduced as one can operate bank accounts from anywhere across India, as all banks have their core database accessible.

Govt announced that some cash will be transferred to bank accounts of migrant labourers, workers, women holding JanDhan accounts? other migrant labourers, Few TV Channels shown Women standing in queues in front of Banks to withdraw money supposedly transferred to their bank accounts by Govt. TV channels were trying to show violation of social distancing.

Lockdown has brought to fore opportunity the digital India can offer. All activities thought of to be done online. Medicine, Tele-Medicine, grocery, Food, other essential items were thought to be made available at the door step of households.

Few people from Art field or performing Arts cried that their livelihood issues are ignored? Online social media came to their rescue. Few said some financial benefits shall be provided to Folk artists who depend on various performing Arts, Handicrafts, paintings, etc list is long. But do we have list or database of all our artists, be in any field?

Urban centres can do it, but what about artists in rural areas. Many are part time artists and part time labourers or cultivators or agriculture labourers? If we dont have their list or any kind of authenticated identity somewhere in online format, that’s called database containing all details, no financial benefit can be transferred. Thus Lockdown has opened immense sea of opportunity to make, develop, create and innovate databases or various kinds, possibilities are endless. District Administration, local self Governments, Local bodies have to take this opportunity and try to develop databases on their areas, containing various information about beneficiaries. If they have any schemes that are targeted to provide benefit to beneficiaries?

Census or survey are tools to provide immense information, that can benefit planners, policy makers, decision makers, even social media activists. yes that’s new kind of workers and growing each day. watch any debate on TV channels. They are full of experts, as if they are the great noble laureates. Few anchors are projecting as if they know everything on earth? I found few of them didn’t know anything before 2014, or sometimes i felt they came new to India? since they didnt see problems in India before 2014? Few journalists do monologue on their TV whole day?

Media too need a database, time is that everyone here and there becoming journalist and expert analyst.

on TV heard that state govt are asking migrant workers to register their names in districts they are in, so that trains or bus can be arranged to bring back. This opportunity can be utilized to register all such data anywhere in database. If workers return to their home town, people from few departments of Registering authorities must be present at deporting points and collect data on these workers in concerning registers so as to update information in database. Later any survey can be done to authenticate data/information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

अनाथ orphan

पता नहीं मेरा मन उसकी ओर खिचा चला जाता है।

वह तो इस दुनिया मे आया भी नहीं था तबसे हम उस घर मे आते जाते थे। सिहं अंकल के यहाँ हम कानपुर से अकेले भी जा चुके हैं रेल से।

बडे़ भाई साहब कानपुर आ चुके हैं कई बार उन्हें कम्पनी की तरफ से भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान मे कम्प्यूटर ठीक करने के लिए भेजा जाता था। हमारे घर पर ही रुकते थे।

बहत वर्षो के बाद जब हम बारहवीं कर चुके तब सिंह जी के यहां जाना हुआ।

अंकल हमसे बातें करते थे। हमारे पिता जी के साथ सेना में काम कर चुके थे। मतलब दोनों भूतपूर्व सैनिक थे। पुराने किस्से कहानी सुनाते थे।

कालांतर में उनके पुत्र पुत्रियों के विवाह हुए पर फिर जब हम उनके यहाँ गए तो भाभीजी से सामना हुआ।

भाईसाहब की ग्रहस्थी चल रही थी तीन पुत्र पुत्रियाँ जन्मे। अब उनसे भी हमारा परिचय हूआ। अब हम चाचा के रुप मे जाने जाने लगे।

कुछ वर्षों के अंतराल मे खबर मिली कि भाभी का देहावसान हो गया। शिशु बालकबिन माँ का हो गया और अनाथ हो गया। हालांकि उसकी बहने दादा दादी चाचा चाची और पिता भी हैं जीवित। पर फिर भी एक माँ के न रहने से एक शिशु की दुनिया मे क्या बदलाव आते हैं यह केवल वह अनाथ ही जानता है।

उसके पिता यानि कि भाईसाहब भी अक्षम होगये किसी हृदय और मानसिक रोग से ग्रसित हो गये।

अब यह बालक अपनी बहनों और दादा दादी पर पूर्णतया निर्भर हो गया। पढाई लिखाई भी होने लगी पर हमे ऐसा लगता है कि अगर माँ होती है घर मे तो बच्चों के मन मे विश्वास ढाढस भरोसा सा बना रहता है और बच्चों के मन पर पढने की इच्छा मा् ही ज्यादा जागृत कर सकती है।

हम जब भी उनके यहाँ जाते थे तो कुछ न कुछ लेकर ही जाते थे। कभी फल तो कभी मैगी नूडल्स। एक दो बार तो देखा कि भाभी अपने भाई और भौजाई को भी फल आदि दे देतीं थी।

पर सुना कि जरूरत पड़ने पर उन्होंने ने भी इन बच्चों का साथ नहीं दिया।

हम तो हजारों किलोमीटर दूर रहते थे अतः तत्काल कोई सहयोग सहायता नहीं दे पाते थे। कैसे न कैसे बच्चे बडे़ हो गए। उनकी चाची भी आ गई ब्याह कर पर उनका चौका अलग था। अब जब हम वहाँ जाते थे तो असमंजस मे रहते थे।

हालांकि ऊपरी तौर पर कुछ ज्यादा असामान्य असाधारण नहीं दिखाई देता था क्योंकि अंकल जुझारू कर्मठ व्यक्तित्व के धनी थे। कर्मचारी संघ मे भी काफी कार्य अनुभव था। अतः अन्दाजा है कि उनका नेटवर्क भी रहा होगा। यह नया शब्द है। उनके जानपहचान वाले कर्मचारी रहे होंगे। उन्होंने अपना मकान बना लिया था शहर मे।

कई बार जाना हुआ उनके घर। उस बालक को देखते थे दुख होता था पर कुछ कह नहीं पाता थे हम। कभी हम उसे पढाने बैठ जाते थे कभी प्रश्न पूछने लग जाते थे। सोचते थे कि जितने सयय हम यहाँ हैं बालक को पढाई मे मदद करें।

कुछ वर्ष बाद फिर वहाँ जाना हुआ। शाम को उसे लेकर बाजार चले गए। अब वह बडा़ हो गया था शायद 10वीं या ग्यारहवीं मे था। कई बार उसे पढाने की चेष्टा की। बाजार मे उससे पूछा कुछ खाओगे? न नुकर करने के बाद कुछ खरीदा खाने के लिए। ज्यादातर बालक fast food snacks खाने की लालसा रखते हैं क्योंकि वे आसपास वही देखते सुनते हैं। मोहल्लों के दुकानदार भी वही सब रखते बेचते हैं जो मौहल्ले वाले खरीदते हैं। ओवन आजकल चलन में है गर्म snacks रखते हैं तुरंत खाने को मिल जाते हैं।

ताजे नहीं होते हैं ऐसे सब खाने की चीजें।

घर लौटने पर हम लोग चुप ही रहे। यानि कि हम दो राजदार हो गए? पर फिर मैने कुछ और खाने की चीजें खरीदी थी घर मे दूसरे बच्चों के लिए।

सोने के समय वह बालक हठ करने लगा अपने दादा से कि हमारे साथ ही कमरे मे सोएगा। जहाँ रोज सोता था आज वहाँ नहीं सोएगा। अब तीन बिछौने लगाए गए।

दुख तो बहुत हो रहा था कि अब हम कल चले जाएंगे तो इसके मन मे क्या चलेगा?

अंत: मन रो उठा। उसे पता नहीं अक्षम पिता से चाचा चाची से लगाव मिलता है या नहीं? दादा दादी तो भरसक हर उपक्रम करेंगे जो बच्चों के हित मे होगा पर एक माँ के न होने से भरे पूरे घर मे क्या इतना अकेलापन हो सकता है?

यह मानव मन की अबूझ पहेली है

हमे तो ऐसा लगा कि वह अनाथ सा ही महसूस कर रहा था।

अब अंकल के देहांत के बाद तो वह एकदम अकेला रह गया है

अक्सर सोच सोच कर मन रो उठता है क्या करें? उससे बात भी नहीं कर पाते हैं।

लगभग दो हजार किलोमीटर दूर रहकर भी मेरा मन उसके लिए दुखी है


devdasi- krishnadasi or a temple girl?

The word itself has become so popular in India that there is no need to explain it.

They are women of strength; brave, carriers & keeper/guardian of culture, tradition and all-embracing devotion to one divine force – Lord Krishna. colortv

Kick-starting the year, COLORS TV Channel presents an untold tale of Devadasi community shrouded in secrecy and mystique with its newest offering, a serial named- Krishnadasidownload (24)

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The show will trace story of three generations of women belonging to the Devadasi lineage images (65)with Kumudini (Indira Krishnan) being at the helm of it. She holds pride in her legacy and strongly upholds the Devadasi tradition passing it on to her daughter Tulsi (Chhavi Mittal), who, to protect her daughter Aradhya (Sana Amin Sheikh) from this legacy hides the truth of her birth & profession. But in pursuit to find her real identity, Aradhya ends up uncovering the truth about her lineage and reopens pages of history that her mother worked hard to keep hidden. Produced by Optimystix Entertainment India Pvt. Ltd with Vaishnavae Media Works Ltd stepping in as Creative Producers, Krishndasi, an hour-long proposition, will go on-air starting 25th January 2016.

A show based on the ancient Devadasi system that was outlawed many years ago during Biritish Raj, but is still rampant in some parts of the country.
Speaking about the content to be showcased on the show, Manisha Sharma, Programming Head – COLORS said, “Our programming mantra has focused on creative storytelling bringing stories that are buried in folklore to mainstream. While traditions might have changed, the way they impact women remains the same. Over the years, women have been depicted as mothers, caregivers, and relationship-drivers. This is passé, and with Krishndasi, we are delving deeper into the untold story of women of God with Aradhya’s life story. Krishndasi is a story of today’s time and era where Aradhya belongs and how she discovers her own identity as she moves ahead in life. Backed by a strong concept and riveting storyline making for a gripping hour-long watch, the show will be high on drama and intrigue factor built around the elements of love, mystery, struggle and self-discovery.”

Set against the backdrop of present-day Pune, Krishndasi will showcase the story of three generations whose heritage holds secrets that shape their contrasting personalities. Kumudini, the authoritative matriarch of the family is a devotee of Lord Krishna and takes immense pride in being a part of the age old Devadasi custom. On the other hand, Tulsi is a gentle and compassionate woman who is forced to embrace the Devadasi culture and follow her mother’s footsteps. Having experienced a gruesome life as a Devadasi, Tulsi protects her daughter from getting caught in the web of exploitation and humiliation. Though she is born into an over-protective environment, Aradhya grows up to become an independent girl with a modern outlook but struggles to find her identity and the truth about her father. Her struggles escalate her personal insecurities and relationships but her life takes a turn for the better when she meets Aryan (Shravan Reddy) and finds herself falling in love with him. But her ancestry strains their love story under the pressure of conflicts and traditional differences between their families.

this was taken from the channel site.

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After watching this show for some time, as it happens with any show we lost connection & flow in between. Earlier we used sit in front of TV to watch it but later as story progressed and (for me) not finding any interesting music or dance (since that was my interest) not much of authentic lavani or classical music either.

But Tv serial shown the struggle of a women, against all odds, her determination to march forward. The matriarch, Kumudini makes all efforts to live her life on her own terms and did try to show mirror to society.

Even after winning the local body election her life does not become easy. As the patriarch society do not like to see a devadasi to live a happy life on her own terms.  Life takes turns and script writer brought the usual twist to the story.

The girl that is presumed to be daughter of a devadasi is actually daughter of the wealthy landlord and the son who lives with the land lord family is the actual son of devadasi. This is a bitter truth but that could not be digested by the men. Moreover the father of daughter of devadasi was a priest or a scholar pandit who is seen as most pious man in society. It is his daughter but since he is a pious and learned, respected man in society he can not own the girl child born to a devadasi and he is father.

Down south India the system of Devadasi was prevalent. Many sculpture/inscription of Temple recorded this. Yellemma is the goddess to whom poor girls are dedicated to get rid of bad omen. But all these girls become devadasi and become instrument of satisfying the lust of men, in return of some money. The poverty together with the illiteracy (ignorance) is the main reason behind this cult.

download

  •  The Daughter of Yellamma: Story of the Devadasi Rani bai from Belgaum, Karnataka who was dedicated by her parents at the age of 6. Of how one of the oldest professions of India has undergone changes and adaptations through centuries. And story of Yellamma, the goddess who was rejected by all but gives strength to the Devadasi’s.

Similarly i had seen a film Giddh where great actor Smita Patil acted. it revolves around the lives of such villagers who offer girl child to the goddess. In one scene it was shown how a fat priest pounced upon a girl who was dedicated to Goddess. Sight was brutal.

how a society could have been so brutal, heart less towards girl child?

Devadasi concept was connected to the Temple dancer system. In temples service to God was offered through singing and dancing. This service was considered sacred. Many women who were trained singers and dancers were inducted into service by temple administration. In many parts of our country this system was prevalent in various forms suiting to the regions. In south India Temple had in-scripted accounts of many such incidents that indicates the number of such women engaged in temple.

The rise and fall in the status of devadasis can be seen to be running parallel to the rise and fall of Hindu temples. Invaders from West Asia attained their first victory in India at the beginning of the second millennium CE. The destruction of temples by invaders started from the northwestern borders of the country and spread through the whole of the country. Thereafter the status of the temples fell very quickly in North India and slowly in South India. As the temples became poorer and lost their patron kings, and in some cases were destroyed, the devadasis were forced into a life of poverty, misery, and, in many cases, prostitution. (from wiki)

The temple girls performed variety of duties and important role in temple administration. The various donations made by them to the various temples show their rich economic status. About 300 of these sānis along with sltanapati were made nibandhakaras and were authorized to see that the gifts were properly administered

Devadāsis and Gift Giving In Medieval South India (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236840526_Devadasis_and_Gift_Giving_In_Medieval_South_India [accessed Sep 27, 2017].  by Jeevanandam & Rekha Pande, research scholar of centre for Women‟s Studies, University of Hyderabad, and Professor respectively

Devadasi means the women dedicated to service of God, dancer or Temple girl? Now from this source it is clear that there were many girls/women put to various kinds of services/duties in Temples, not only dancing and singing.

Decoration, administration etc are also given to such women. There are huge number of such women working in the service of Temple-Ritualistic and non-ritualistic services.  As this cited source lists that women were in-charge of flower garden and grants received in temple is also many times administered by few women with the help of adhikaris (males).

A devadasi had to satisfy her own soul while she danced unwatched and offered herself to the god, but the rajadasi’s dance was meant to be an entertainment. This statement is true for those dasi who dance or sings for Raja(Kings) 

similar system with different name of Mahari was prevalent in Odisha temples, two types of singers were there, Bhitart Gauni & bahar. the one who sings inside the sanctum to the God is called Bhitar Gauni. other who sings outside is Baher gauni. I dont know Odia. click following to read

Click to access 127-128.pdf

 

http://keralaculture.org/chokkoor-plates/315 this reference shows that in time of 900 AD Devdasi system was prevalent in Kerala and a temple dancer named Nanga. It stands proof for the prevalence of Devadasi system during the reign of the Kulasekhara dynasty.

here is link to read how KIng Raja Chola at Tanjore instructed about various things/ donations etc given to the temple.  mentioned about Dancers/ singers alongwith cleaners etc.    http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/Written-in-stone-Big-Temples-inscriptions-reveal-a-Kings-passion/article16047268.ece

 

<blockquote class=”twitter-tweet”><p lang=”en” dir=”ltr”>while dance girl was status symbol at any function in those days, Devdasi was in South India, tawaif-derwali-domni etc in North.<br>Among devadasi-for God, Rajdasi who danced for Rajas, jan-dasi dance in public?<br>Sadir dance it was called<br>Company painting had dance too? <a href=”https://t.co/wfcE1Vq4lq”>pic.twitter.com/wfcE1Vq4lq</a></p>&mdash; g katyan misra (@kamlesm) <a href=”https://twitter.com/kamlesm/status/1103607582634106884?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>March 7, 2019</a></blockquote> <script async src=”https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js&#8221; charset=”utf-8″></script>

see this thread on twitter about Nautch/dance